This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Natural Justice Essay

2989 words - 12 pages

Principles of Natural Justice

Assignment Topic On Business Law Presented By Alexander T C , IInd Semester MBA Evening Batch 2010-2012

Assignment on Business Laws

- Principles of Natural Justice
Presented By Alexander T C MBA 2nd Semester IMK –UoK

1. Introduction :-

Why Application of Principles of Natural Justice in Managerial Decisions is important? Most Managerial decisions that affect individuals and organisations are made by primary decision makers i.e. front-line administrators and managers. Only a minority of these decisions are reviewed by internal review officers, ombudsmen, courts or tribunals. The quality of administrative justice experienced by the public depends ...view middle of the document...

“The Principles of Natural Justice are easy to proclaim, but their precise extent is far less easy to define” . No precise definition is possible for Natural Justice. The word ‘Natural Justice’ is derived from the Roman word ‘Jus Naturale’, which means principles of natural law, justice, equity, and good conscience. Natural Justice is not something derived from Laws of nature. Laws of nature promote the survival rather than justice. Therefore, ‘natural’ justice is not justice found in nature; it is a compendium (collection) of concepts which must be naturally associated with justice, whether these concepts are incorporated in law or not. Natural Justice is also known as substantial justice, fundamental justice, universal justice or fair play in action. Rules of natural justice are the minimum standards of fair decision-making imposed on persons or bodies acting in a judicial capacity. Rules of natural justice are not rules embodied in any statute

3. Features:
 An important concept in administrative law.  Fundamental rules of justice, breach of which will prevent justice being seen done.


Assignment on Business Laws

- Principles of Natural Justice
Presented By Alexander T C MBA 2nd Semester IMK –UoK

 It’s a great humanising principle intended to invest law with fairness, to secure justice and prevent miscarriage of justice.  Implied mandatory requirement, non observance of which invalidates the exercise of power.  It will always apply , however silent a statue may be

4. Doctrine of Natural Justice – Is it Mandatory?
In strict sense where there is a valid law, principles of natural justice is not applicable. These rules can operate only in areas not covered by any law validly made, in other words, Rules of Natural Laws do not supplant law, but supplement it. (A.K. Kraipak Vs. Union of India
(AIR 1970 SC 150))

Rules of Natural Justice are procedural in nature and are applied where an authority takes a decision which involves civil rights of individual(s). Earlier the rules of Natural Justice were binding only to judicial and quasi judicial bodies (Kishan Chand V. Commissioner of Police - 1961 3SCR-165) but later on SC of India held that even an administrative order which involves civil consequences must be made consistently with rules of natural justice. In Maneka Gandhi V Union of India (A I R 1978) SC held that the Rules of Natural Justice are applicable to judicial, Quasi Judicial and Administrative authorities. Rules of natural justice are flexible in nature and can change with the exigencies of time, and circumstances of each case. The rules of fairness or natural justice were not rigid but depended on their context. The extent of application of rules of Natural justice can not have a rigid formula and will depend on the 1. 2. 3. 4. Nature of Jurisdiction conferred on the administrative authority Character of the rights of the person s affected Scheme and Policy of the Statue applicable. Other relevant...

Other Papers Like Natural Justice

Feminism And Other Ideologies Notes Essay

345 words - 2 pages justice as more important than the struggle for sexual justice. Radical feminists challenge the idea of compatibility with other doctrines, as neither liberalism nor socialism acknowledges the fundamental political importance of gender divisions and its roots in family and personal life. Traditional Conservatives believe that the traditional role of women as housewives/mothers is natural and creates social order/stability, eg mothers are seen as

Hello Essay

298 words - 2 pages UNESCO The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is an agency within the United Nations that is responsible for promoting peace, social justice, human rights and international security through international cooperation on educational, science and cultural programs. It is based in Paris, France and has over 50 field offices located around the world. Today, UNESCO has five major themes to its programs which

Cja 214 Police Responsibilities

977 words - 4 pages security to citizens. Emergency Response, critical situations such as medical emergencies, crimes in progress, and natural disasters take priority over the police work. Criminal Investigation, first responders secure crime scenes, provide emergency assistance and gather evidence. Officers spend a relatively small amount of their time in investigative activities. Problem Solving, Understanding and predicting crime, and partnerships with community

Medicinal Marijuanna

2333 words - 10 pages . Bibliography Justice, U. D. (1992). Drugs, Crime, and the Justice System. US Department of Justice Statistics. Retrieved July 16, 2008 from NORML: NORML. (2002, March 17). NORML: National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. Retrieved July 15, 2008, from NORML: Paul Armentano, N. F. (2005, August 11). Marinol vs. Natural Cannabis. Retrieved July 16, 20078, from NORML:

History Of Police

717 words - 3 pages other important government officials. The Secret Service investigates crimes against U.S. currency and other financial instruments (Grant & Terry, 2012). The U.S. Coast Guard is a sector of the military responsible for law enforcement, national defense, maritime mobility, and protection of natural resources (Grant & Terry, 2012). The U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) is primarily concerned with the licensing

Gre Writing

599 words - 3 pages social justice, the children from poor or colored families like Bill Clinton or Condoleeza Rice would not have had even opportunity for good education that made their American dream possible. Not only political leaders, but artists also have promoted the general welfare of the nation. It was Charlie Chaplin who consoled the dejected heart of workers during the Great Depression. As one of the most famous performer in the early Hollywood, he

How Do Societies Deal With Growing Numbers?/ Carl

599 words - 3 pages number of people who are of birthing age 22. Puspull or neo-classical migration theory: suggests that migration depends on the supply and demand for labor, both in the sending area and the receiving area. 23. Rate of natural increase: determines population growth and/or decline by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate and then dividing by 10. 24. Birth dearth: declining birth rates. 25. Doubling time: refers

Business Ethics

2674 words - 11 pages Learning. Connecticut. Jhingran, S. (2001). Ethical relativism and universalism. Motilal Banarsidass. Delhi. Makkreel, R. & Luft, S. (2010). Neo-kantianism in contemporary philosophy. Indiana University Press. Indiana. Mill, J. (2006). Utilitarianism: Easyread large edition. ReadHowYouWant. Sydney. Paul, E., Miller, F. & Paul, J. (2005). Natural rights liberalism from Locke to Nozick. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. Rawls, J. (1999). A theory of justice. Oxford University Press. Oxford. Shaw, W. (2010). Business ethics: A textbook with cases. Cengage Learning. Connecticut.

Coporate Social Responsibility

1682 words - 7 pages leave nobler causes to surface. He likens this myth with the root cause of colonialism. For colonialism, we saw, was possible only because the myth of higher moral purpose regularly concealed the reality of lower economic interests. And the same is equally true with the moral cause of the business organisation. Mullins (2005) argues that the responsibilities to consumers may be seen as no more than a natural outcome of good business

The Ethics Of Enron

1414 words - 6 pages of it, but also those employed by the company. This is true in the case of Enron. Enron was a company who “marketed electricity and natural gas, delivered energy and other physical commodities, and provided financial and risk management services to customers around the world (Enron Fast Facts, 2015).” Enron was formed in July of 1995, after the merger between Houston Natural Gas and InterNorth out of Omaha with the help of Kenneth Lay and


1473 words - 6 pages I. Introduction In a workplace there is always be a rule or ethics, you must follow that to work in a peaceful way. You have the natural and the individual rights, but you can use it in other way in a workplace. Your right cannot be all execute in a workplace because there is ethics, which unite and bring both of you into successful and enthusiastic work in a workplace; for example, you have the right to eat and no one can remove it from you

Related Essays

Research Process And Terminology Essay

1041 words - 5 pages Dell Roberson Research Process and Terminology Research Methods in Criminal Justice July 24, 2012 Abstract When people are learning about the criminal justice, they learn that research method and terminology plays a major role in the academic and law enforcement field. These research methods and terminologies used daily with the police officers or detectives

Picture The Supply Chain Essay

318 words - 2 pages maximizes the overall "good" of the society and for our customers/patients. Moral rights: The preserving of the integrity of the work from alteration, distortion, or mutilation. Moral rights are distinct from any economic rights tied to copyrights. Justice: A concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, fairness, or equity. Practical rules: Leighton's Ten Golden Rules of Business. * 1) Keep it simple

Environmental Issues Essay

1197 words - 5 pages become exhausted unless those measures of replanting and preserving those rainforests as much as possible. It is not right for anyone to destroy a natural source of any thing, it should be left for future generations. The topic of environmental justice has become a major topic of discussion over the past two decades as the issue of natural resources and population growth has became a major issue. With Colney and Pitts though this

Module 2: Intro To Ethical Theories

1247 words - 5 pages from the fact that the outcomes we want are preferentially ordered, some being more strongly wanted than others.     Robert Nozick presents his entitlement theory as a function of three basic principles.  What are these three basic principles?  Robert Nozick believes that people have certain basic negative and natural moral rights, called Lockean rights.  Nozick’s belief in these Lockean rights shaped his theory of economic justice- the