Naxal Literature Essay

1761 words - 8 pages

‘Choke.’ ‘Cripple.’ ‘Virus.’ ‘Infested.’ ‘Eliminate.’ ‘Stamp out.’ Yes. The idea of extermination is in the air.
And people believe that faced with extermination they have the right to fight back. By any means necessary.’
Arundhati Roy (2009a, p.160)
‘They use weapons, but they are not bloodthirsty. They are basically gentle, polite, highly civilized ... So when he kills, it is a necessary killing.’
Mahasweta Devi (2002, p.XXII)

It would of course be a truism to say that we live in an increasingly violent world. Various populations live terror stricken lives, occupied by foreign powers, or fearing militant attacks – to mention just two easily observed realities. To ...view middle of the document...

This convenient explanation, however, masks an altogether much darker reality. By textually exterminating the violent from mediated spaces, they become available to civil society solely as agents of violence, and not as ‘subjects’ of circumstances. They are transformed into irrational disruptions of a discursive field. So for example if one searches for articles pertaining to ‘Maoism’ in any of the major English dailies in India, including broadly progressive ones like The Hindu, one will see that they become available to the reader, and rather frequently in that, only as they (allegedly) commit violent acts. In the process, to say the least, they are inevitably dehumanised, and the textual extermination in turn justifies their physical extermination. These are not people who can be heard, nor (as a consequence and tautologically also as a cause) can they be understood, they can only be dealt with violently. Moreover, once this practise of ghettoisation of voices approaches normativity, various people not directly associated with violence can also be threatened with a forced association. So for example, the British Prime Minister in his speech in Munich on 5th February, 20116 extended his war to ‘what some people have called ‘non-violent extremists’’, dehumanising a set of individuals (‘what’) by associating them with violence. Similarly, while earlier individual Maoists in India needed to be specifically charged for criminal activity, in 2009 the government decided to call them a ‘terrorist’ organisation7, and also started using the category of ‘Maoist sympathisers’ till it was chastised by the Supreme Court8. In Kashmir, in 2010, the GOC-in-chief Northern Command inaugurated the category of ‘agitational terrorism’9 – and one could go on piling examples. Binayak Sen’s arrest on the 24th of December, 2010 is just one much publicised manifestation of this tendency.
By forcing her way into mediated spaces with stories staging individuals and groups as ‘subjects’ of violence – people caught in a violent field and perhaps even responding violently – Arundhati Roy, especially with her writing on the Maoists, has interrupted a textual domain that would rather these people not be seen as the products of circumstances. This paper, therefore, will hereafter proceed with a study of Roy’s developing negotiation of such ‘subjects’. Thereafter, it will move into a comparatively briefer study of a small sample of the celebrated Bengali writer Mahasweta Devi’s much larger corpus of work. She10, along with Roy11, has been one of the people increasingly caught up in the possibility of initiating dialogue with the Maoists. Their work, which has allowed them to function in the mainstream, while also earning the confidence of the Maoists, therefore, provides a very helpful ground for addressing questions regarding the textual staging of the subject of violence for metropolitan audiences. Moreover, by briefly branching into Bengali literature, while keeping...

Other Papers Like Naxal Literature

Jail Responsibilities Essay

589 words - 3 pages Jail Responsibilities Monique Priorello September 23, 2012 One of the main responsibilities of a jail is to give the officers the correct “Police Correspondence” courses. This is because these courses give the officers the effective basic training that they need to do things such as; Writing of Memoranda, Police Reports, and Civilian Letters. What needs to be done first is make sure that there are NO errors. This means in

Mgt330 Essay

638 words - 3 pages Starbucks Nefertiti Wright Sangita Patel October 15, 2012 STARBUCKS 2 STARBUCKS - 1 - [no notes on this page]I. Job description a. Baristas II. Job specifications a. Duties III. Form of departmentalization STARBUCKS 3 Starbucks Starbucks have been named in the 100 best companies to work for. Starbucks has many job opportunities for people, which require the right job specifications. The employees create uplifting experience

Fight Club

917 words - 4 pages Fight Club is a story of the narrator’s struggle to gain control over his life. He is in search for an identity in the form of manhood. His masculinity is so repressed because of the absence of a father figure in his life. Because of this he creates Tyler, his alternate personality. Tyler is nothing like anyone the narrator has met, he is self assured and completely free. The narrators alternate personality Tyler Durden is the ultimate alpha-male

The Powers Of The Health And Safety Representative

254 words - 2 pages The Powers of the Health and Safety Representative A health and safety representative has the power to: Identify Workplace Hazards The health and safety representative has the power to identify workplace hazards. This power is usually exercised by conducting workplace inspections. Obtain Information from the Employer The health and safety representative is entitled to the same information available to a joint committee member. Under the Act

Lesson Plan

6476 words - 26 pages QWERTYUIOP by Vivien Alcock Table of Contents Introduction About Short Stories The Writer Synopsis Elements Activities Beyond The Text Assessment Answer Key Glossary Panel of Writers [pic] SHORT STORY Welcome to the World of Literature and to Short Stories! We hope you will enjoy working with this guidebook, which has been specially designed to help you prepare your students enjoy the Literature


1227 words - 5 pages Coca-Cola Global Business and Marketing Strategy Introduction As domestic markets mature, it is becoming more and more fashionable for organisations to seek growth through opportunities in foreign countries. Faster communication, new technologies and improved transport links are making international markets more accessible and businesses pursuing a global position can experience an upsurge in brand awareness and cost effectiveness. Global

Facing Poverty With A Rich Girl's Habit

783 words - 4 pages Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit Adele Strader Professor Chryst English Composition October 22, 2012 Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit was written by Suki Kim and published in the New York Times on November 21, 2004. The most important point that Suki want to make was that (1) what we have in life can be taken away in an instant (2) do not go bankrupt in South Korea (3) that a person must adapt and endure

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages -4-50 paperLack of exercise is a key contributor to disease and death among many people in the United States, regardless of age. It is a well-known fact that exercise results in a healthier lifestyle. Along with tobacco use and poor nutrition, lack of exercise is one of the main issues that people have which leads to high blood pressure, obesity, and other serious health problems. According to a study by UCSD School of Medicine and SDSU


836 words - 4 pages Miguel Beatrice Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involved in prices and markets. By extension called capitalist higher social class of this economic system ("bourgeoisie"), or to the common form would the individual interests of capital owners in both companies, shareholders and patterns, also called capitalism


1177 words - 5 pages Homelessness in America Homelessness in America is a social problem that we are faced with on a daily basis. Despite the vast number of research done by Americans on homelessness, little is still known about the effect that it has on our society. The overall image that emerges from the effects of homeless people

Mental Health Community Service Essay

509 words - 3 pages Ladesca Smith Nursing 162 Community Volunteer Service Assignment Why you chose this agency? I chose this Sharing God’s Love, because I was interested in what kind of services they provide. I also wanted to know if there was any help out there for the people in need with mental illnesses. I also had lots of my kid’s old clothing that I needed to get rid of, so I donated it to them. Describe the population the agency serves. The

Related Essays

Lafarge S.A Essay

2924 words - 12 pages NAME: IHEKANANDU KINGSLEY N. COURSE: MGMT 292 / F12 N01 TITLE: INDIVIDUAL CASE STUDY (LAFARGE S.A.) SUBMITTED: October 5, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. INTRODUCTION 3 3. DESCRIPTION OF CASE 4 4. VALUES 4 4.1. Types of values 4 5. TEAMWORK 7 6. MOTIVATION 8 7. CREATIVITY 9 7.1. Components of creativity 9 8. CONCLUSION 12 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 INTRODUCTION This report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of initiatives pursued by Lafarge as

Finance Essay

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to an

Regretful Decisions Essay

930 words - 4 pages Regretful Decisions There are many individuals in a child’s life that helps mold them into a well-rounded adult. In most cases, this guidance comes from the child’s parents or other older, but in Sonny’s case, this guidance was expected from his older brother. In the short narrative, Sonny’s Blues, Sonny’s life was adversely affected by the decisions that his older brother made. The decisions that his brother made include leaving Sonny to stay