Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders are biological brain disorders that are responsible for early onset brain dysfunctions. There are four primary complication categories with these disorders, cognitive dysfunction, seizures, behavioral problems, and motor dysfunction. The disorders can be genetic or acquired from trauma, heredity, the environment, or illness. One of the disorders covered under this definition would be ADHD, or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper will discuss the behavioral criteria for this disorder, along with the incidence rates, causes, and two treatment options.
Neurocognitive disorders are disorders that ...view middle of the document...
• May have trouble organizing activities.
• Avoids tasks that require them to use mental effort such as homework.
• Often loses things necessary for tasks such as pencils, keys, books, eyeglasses and cell phones.
• Can be easily distracted.
• Forgetful in day to day activities.
The CDC (2013) states they also must have:
Six or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity for children up to age 16, or five or more for adolescents 17 and older and adults; symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have been present for at least 6 months to an extent that is disruptive and inappropriate for the person’s developmental level. (para 5)
These symptoms would be:
• Cannot sit still, will often squirm in their seats.
• Finds it hard to stay in their seat, often leaving it at inappropriate times.
• Often running about when it is inappropriate because they feel restless.
• Finds it difficult to be quiet.
• Always seems to be on the go.
• Talks excessively, or out of turn.
• Has trouble waiting their turn.
• Interrupts conversations.
In addition to the criteria above the symptoms will have to be present in more than one situation or setting and have occurred before the age of 12 years old. The symptoms will have to reduce or impair the individual’s daily functions while at school, in a social setting, or at work; and cannot be explained by any other mental disorder.
Although the exact cause for ADHD is...