Nutritional Needs Ad
May 4, 2015
Nutritional Needs Ad
During pregnancy eating a healthy and well-balanced diet is essential to the growth of your fetus. Gaining too little weight can produce an under-nourished infant. While, over-nutrition also poses a risk to both mother and child.
Nutritional Needs for a Developing Embryo
The process of prenatal development occurs in three stages starting with the germinal stage that is the first two weeks after conception. The embryonic stage is the period of the third week through the eighth week. And the ninth week until birth is the fetal stage.
During the period of gestation that is the time between conception and fetal development in the ...view middle of the document...
In the long run, children have a higher risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure and neurological problems later on in life.
Good and Bad Nutritional Choices
Women who are pregnant needs to eat more calcium, folic acid, iron, and protein. What a mother eats and drink is her baby’s primary source of nourishment. To maximize nutritional health, a pregnant woman should eat from the following foods groups. Fruits and vegetables, lean protein, whole grains and dairy products. Fruits and vegetables during the second and third trimester, and should consume up to five to ten tennis ball size serving per day. Lean protein such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and beans should be included in meals to support baby’s growth. Whole grain provides fiber, iron and vitamin B12. And is an excellent source of energy foods are pasta, bread, and brown rice. The dairy product such as milk, yogurt provides calcium and vitamin D (“Pregnancy Diet & Nutrition", n.d.).
Foods to Avoid
Pregnant mothers should avoid alcohol because this cause physical problems, learning and behavioral difficulties in children. Fish that is high in mercury like shark, Mackerel, which can cause developmental problems in the fetus brain, kidneys, and nervous system. Unpasteurized foods like raw milk and foods that are made from it like store bought salads, hot dogs, spreads. Fresh meat or undercooked meat which can increase the possibility of food poisoning (“Pregnancy Diet & Nutrition", n.d.).
Pros and Cons of Breastfeeding versus Formula Feeding
Whether you choose to breastfeed or bottle feed, both choices have it benefits. And you will need to decide what choices are best for you and your baby. Breastfeeding is natural and it provides nutrient your baby needs to fight off diseases, prevent ear infection, colds and different types of virus. Studies show it prevents chronic diseases such as childhood obesity, asthma, and leukemia. This milk is natural and formulated for the baby’s growth and development and contains a wealth of rich nutrients for your growing baby. Choosing to breastfeed provides benefits to...