1. Distinguish between sex and gender. Why are both important factors for healthcare professionals?
Sex is defined as the classification of living things as man or woman according to their reproductive organs and functions assigned by chromosomal complement. Gender, however, is a person’s self-representation as a man or woman, or how that person is responded to by social institutions. It is important because there are differences between men and women regarding disease susceptibility and the unique needs and tendencies that go along with treating patients based on whether they are ...view middle of the document...
The masculine classification represents tendencies that are traditionally associated with men such as competition, aggressiveness, assertiveness, and task focused. The feminine classification represents tendencies that are traditionally associated with women such as cooperative, nurturing, responsive, and relationally focused.
8. Choose two diseases/conditions presented in this chapter and discuss the sex differences associated with each.
Type II diabetes is more prevalent in women than in men, causing an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, infection, and other conditions. Males tend to be more susceptible to diseases such as autism, learning disabilities, and attention deficit disorders.
10. What are some possible outcomes/implications associated with the healthcare provider and patient being of different genders? Being the same gender?
Female providers tend to communicate with more empathy when communicating with their patients than males. the female physician–female patient dyad tends to be the most interactive and prosocial in nature. the interaction between the female physician and the male patient has more interpersonal conflict and results in more negative feelings for both participants.