Parenting Skills Training Essay

2111 words - 9 pages

Parenting Skills Training: An Effective Intervention for Internalizing Symptoms in Younger Children?
Parenting O 2 182005 if know UK ©RIGINAL 1073-6077 Nursecom, Inc. Journal 2005 ARTICLE JCAP by Skills Training: Oxford, of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing Blackwell Publishing, Ltd. An Effective Intervention for Internalizing Symptoms in Younger Children?

Sam Cartwright-Hatton, D Phil, Clin PsyD, Deborah McNally, RMN, RGN, Clin PsyD, Caroline White, Clin PsyD, and Chrissie Verduyn, Msc, PhD
PROBLEM:

A number of interventions are effective

in treating older children with internalizing symptoms. However, little is known about the efficacy of psychological interventions in ...view middle of the document...

We also know that the symptoms of depression can manifest in very young children (Rutter, 1991), and there is evidence that depressive disorders in the young may be increasing (Fombonne, 1995). Moreover, it is clear that children do not simply grow out of depression. Harrington, Fudge, Rutter, Pickles, & Hill (1990) followed a group of depressed children and a matched sample of control children over an 18-year period. The sample who were depressed as children were more likely to be depressed as adults than those in the control group. The picture is similar for anxiety. Anxiety disorders are a very common form of psychological disturbance in childhood, and it is estimated that up to 17% of young people will meet criteria for an anxiety disorder (Costello & Angold, 1995). Again, these symptoms can manifest in very young children. Moreover, both anxiety and depression can lead to other serious problems. Children with depressive disorders are at an elevated risk of suicide and self-harm (Lewinsohn, Rohde, & Seeley, 1994). Children with anxiety disorders often go on to develop depression (Kovacs, Gatsonis, Paulauskas,
45

An intervention targeted towards

parenting may be efficacious in the treatment of children’s internalizing symptoms.
Search terms: Anxiety, childhood, depression,

parenting

Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, Volume 18, Number 2, pp. 4 5 – 52
JCAPN Volume 18, Number 2, April-June, 2005

Parenting Skills Training: An Effective Intervention for Internalizing Symptoms in Younger Children?

& Richards, 1989), and, if they attempt self-medication, may be at an increased risk of substance misuse (Kushner, Sher, & Beitman, 1990). With these concerns in mind, new treatments for childhood anxiety and depression have developed. In particular, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be a promising intervention for both depression (Harrington, Whittaker, & Shoebridge, 1998), and anxiety (e.g., Barrett, 1998; Flannery-Schroeder & Kendall, 2000). The efficacy of CBT, however, is known only for older children. It is not thought to be as effective for children under the age of about 8 years. In a search of the literature to find interventions for internalizing disorders of younger children, the authors found very little empirical evidence for any treatment. Barrett (2000) also highlights this lacuna in her review of the anxiety literature. In fact, there is very little in the way of empirically validated treatments for any of the psychological disorders of early childhood. There is, however, one exception: in the past 20 years, a large body of literature has developed chronicling the success of behavioral parent skills training (BPST) for families of children with externalizing disorders (Scott, Spender, Doolan, Jacobs, & Aspland, 2001; Webster-Stratton, 1990). This approach teaches parents behavioral skills, which they then use to manage their children’s difficult behaviors. Broadly, the aim of this...

Other Papers Like Parenting Skills Training

Evidenced Based Essay

8475 words - 34 pages divorce. Two relevant protective factors to school counselors are parenting practices and access to therapeutic interventions. Authoritative parenting plays a particularly salient role in the protective function for children in families experiencing parental divorce and is associated with positive outcomes in children (Amato, 2001; Amato & Keith, 1991; Hetherington, 1993; Hetherington et al., 1992; Hetherington et al., 1999; Kelly & Emery

Health And Social Care Level 3 Unit 8

4923 words - 20 pages role confusion Trust Vs basic mistrust The infant is entirely dependent and relies completely on others to meet its needs and provide good physical and emotional care. If the parenting need of the infant is being met the infant will learn a sense of trust. After some time Self-confidence would develop and the infant would see the world to be a dependable and predictable place. Due to the sufficient parenting being received the infant will

Child Abuse

2411 words - 10 pages States. King stated that “children of teenage mothers are more likely to be abused, neglected, or wind up in foster care”. In an attempt to express his view point to parents who fail to properly raise their children he adds to the old saying “boys get guns and girl get babies”. In most cases, teenage mothers lack the knowledge, financial stability, training and skills needed to be effective mothers. King’s message to the reader was based on

A Clear Vision

3200 words - 13 pages A vision for excellence Rene Rodea Grand Canyon University EDA-575 Educational Leadership in a Changing World May 1, 13 A vision for excellence Planning has become an important part of developing good management skills and governing of an educational organization. The Strategic Planning in Higher Education “clearly articulates that a proven methodology will yield strategic thinking from groups and more organizations in a innovative

Laws And Policies That Address Children’S Exposure To Domestic Violence

2714 words - 11 pages need more time than the law allows to ensure safety for themselves and their children, recover from the trauma of being battered, find a new home and job, and enhance their parenting skills. If improvements to the family’s circumstances are not made within the time line, parental rights may be terminated, when it would be better for the children to stay in foster care a while longer before returning home. However, because appropriate services to

Anna O. Psychoanalysis

2781 words - 12 pages possible Axis II (personality disorder) features. 4. What recommendations would you make for this woman with respect to her marriage relationship, her parenting issues and needs/ directions for psychotherapy? What specific treatment options would you recommend regarding these areas of functioning and why? WAIS IV RESULTS: VERBAL COMPRENSATION: 115 PERCEPUAL REASONING: 124 WORKING MEMORY: 110 PROCESSING SPEED: 128 RORCHACH

Mister

6266 words - 26 pages most of them. If employment is not secure, they will need high levels of self-maintenance skills, such as being able to organise a social support network. As Esping Andersen has it, life chances will depend increasingly on the cultural, social and cognitive capital that citizens can amass. If we consider the UK’s ageing population alongside the changing global labour market, a range of futures become plausible. First, if today’s children are not

Black Athlete

5734 words - 23 pages President include $100 million in competitive matching grants to states to develop “innovative approaches to promoting healthy marriages,” including “public advertising campaigns on marriage,” education in high schools on the value of marriage, marriage enhancement and marriage skills training, divorce reduction programs, marriage mentoring programs in “at-risk communities” (Fremstad et al. 2002: 3). These provisions also call for an additional

Lafarge S.A

2924 words - 12 pages investment of 1.5 million USD in rehabilitation assistance (including setting up the Community Development Center and expenses towards continued education, health care and vocational training), Lafarge benefited from a relatively smooth installation and launch process involving the local workforce”. b. Family Security (Taking care of loved ones) – This is a terminal value that describes the need to take care of stakeholders in an organization

Finance

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to an

Related Essays

Designing Recruitment Essay

3443 words - 14 pages likely gains from the improved skills over the time. The similar concern may surround the younger workers who may be perceived as being early on in their career and more likely to change jobs in the near future. How to Design the Effective Training Policy Implementing a training policy framework serves as a facilitator of the training practices. It is essential to engage managers throughout the organization in this exercise. The basis for

Music In Education Essay

1637 words - 7 pages . (Rauscher, Shaw, Levine, Ky & Wright, 1994) There have also been studies that link a connection between math and music. For example, “A study of 237 second grade children over a three year period used piano keyboard training and newly designed math software to demonstrate improvement in math skills. The group scored 27% higher on proportional math and fractions tests than children that used only the math software.” (Graziano, Peterson & Shaw

Sociology A Level Essay

1881 words - 8 pages differentiation, power and stratification. (education). AO2 Demonstration of the skills of application, analysis, interpretation and evaluation a) Collection and recording of evidence AS and A Level candidates are required to demonstrate their ability to: * analyse and evaluate the design of sociological investigations * analyse and evaluate the method(s) used in these investigations to collect and record evidence. This could be achieved by

Juvenile Re Entry Essay

4250 words - 17 pages are returning. This legislation establishes a formula grant program to states to strengthen case and discharge planning…for youth and young adult offenders who are released. Reentry programs promote self-sufficiency by providing training in daily living and parenting skills, employment skills, financial management, substance abuse prevention, and other services. The bill would also require states to suspend rather than terminate Medicaid