Personality And Psychological Disorder Essay

2524 words - 11 pages

Personality & Psychological Disorder
Kasia Nalbandian
American Intercontinental University

In this week individual project I’m going to describe Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, I’m going to describe Erikson’s theories, a description of each stage of development using a description of an analysis character that represents each stage of development with a character that can be from television show, a movie, or a literary character from a book. You can also use a person that you know in your life such as a friend or relative and also I’m going to explain how each character represents the stage, and how the character resolves crisis.

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Erikson also had the mutuality which parent can effect development of their children and the opposite the children can affect their parents development.
Personality disorder is a mental health illness which the ill person will have long term of difficulty in his behaviors, relations, emotions and the way of his thoughts. Psychological disorder is also mental disorder both personality and psychological disorder are connected to each other. Today in this paper I’m going to talk about well-known psychologist Ericson’s eight theories of personality in psychology which are the followings: Stage one theory is Trust vs. mistrust, stage two theory is autonomy vs. shame and doubt, stage three theory is Initiative vs. guilt, stage four theory is industry vs inferiority, stage five theory is identity vs. confusion, stage six theory is intimacy vs. isolation, stage seven theory is generativity vs. Stagnation and stage eight is integrity vs. despair.
Erikson’s theories stages definitions are the following:
Stage one theory: Trust vs. Mistrust.
Trust vs. Mistrust is the first and the most important stage of the theory of psychosocial development according Eric Erikson’s. Trust vs. mistrust theory (hope and faith) which applies between birth 1 year old this is the main stage in life, trust plays a big role in children’s life, in this age the enfant gain control of his body and he will start knowing and figuring out with their senses what is going on or coming to them, while building confident and dependability of a child on someone or something caregiver or mother, example: if a baby is hungry and crying dose his mother or his caregiver is going to feed him?, or if he is scared from something dose his caregiver or his mother are going to try to comfort him? This thing plays big role when we are going to talk about trust vs. mistrust, this is couple ways to let our children to trust us and others during their lives, and if the child trust developed was not in the right pattern the child will fail in his development of trust always live in fear, and he doesn’t believe anyone (cherry, n.d., para 6,7,8,9, p.1), also if the child builds mistrust in him he can develop malignant tendency and can be depressed, paranoia and maybe psychosis. (Boeree, 2006)
Stage two theory: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt.
The second stage of Erikson’s theories is autonomy vs. shame and doubt is about (will and determination) in this stage toddlers
according to (Cherry. n.d., para 1) the ages of this stage is between two to three years old, this stage is focused on developing the sense of self-control or independence, example of a sense control is when a child wears his clothing by himself. Children when they learn the right pattern of this stage they will feel more secure and confident, while those children who did not learn the right pattern they will be with sense of inadequacy and self-doubt (cherry, n.d., para 10,11,12,13,14, p.1).
Stage three theory: Initiative vs....

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