Poverty In Latin America Essay

1071 words - 5 pages

Inequality: The Most Pressing Problem in Latin America
Throughout the years, Latin America has experienced dramatic political, social, and economic changes amongst it’s numerous countries. As time went on, various leaders brought grand ideas to the table in hopes of bettering the region. However, in most cases, the outcome was far from grand, failing to address social conflicts that derived from deep inequality and high levels of poverty. Without successfully conquering the underlying causes of conflict within the region, change in a positive direction for Latin America does not exist. This paper will define inequality as the most pressing problem that Latin American countries continue to ...view middle of the document...

Inequality in Latin America is a serious, unaddressed problem that must be brought to light in order for positive change to occur. By attacking the underlying problem, issues stemming from inequality, such as discrimination, poverty, and crime violence will also be addressed and improved upon.
Inequality, the drastic difference between the lives of the rich and those of poor, can be easily understood through those living in poverty. A microscopic look into the lives of Latin America’s indigenous people will help to understand just how serious this issue of inequality is within the societies south of the United States. Gillette Hall and Harry Anthony Patrinos explain that, “indigenous people still consistently account for the highest and “stickiest” poverty rates in the region” (1). An indigenous person can be described as one who “share[s] certain characteristics, such as distinct language, culture, and the attachment to land – all stemming from the fact that [his/her] ancestry can be traced o the original, pre-Colombian inhabitants of the region” (Hall, Patrinos 1). As Hall and Patrinos explain, indigenous people of Latin America experience discrimination in the labor market, education, and health services as a result of inequality. As a result of defining yourself as an indigenous person, a lifetime of discrimination, poverty, poor education, and lack of job opportunities is expected. Hall and Patrinos explain that, “[e]ducation is one of the main factors that propel people out of poverty, yet indigenous peoples continue to have fewer years of education than non-indigenous people” (2). With a poor education, it is very unlikely that a good paying job will be obtained. In addition to a poor education, discrimination within the labor market is evident. Hall and Patrinos state that, “while about half of the earning differential can be influenced by improvements in human capital, another half may result from discriminatory labor market practices or other factors over which the indigenous people have little control” (2).
Federico Breve, Michelle Garcia, and Sonja Wolf agree that Central America’s crime problem is related to poverty, underdevelopment, lack of social services, underemployment, declining moral values, and so forth; elements that help to compose the economic and social make-up of the country. Logically, all of the previously stated elements fall under a broader category known as inequality. Lack of social services,...

Other Papers Like Poverty In Latin America

Colombia And The Largest Gas And Oil Company Is South America:

7312 words - 30 pages overtures to, and general amnesty for, the guerrilla groups, Betancur subsequently dropped his plans for rapprochement with Cuba. DEMOGRAPHICS In Latin America, Colombia is the third highest populous country after Mexico and Brazil. It has approximately 45 million people. Columbia had a massive population growth even though it experienced urban violence, poverty rates and four decades of civil war. All these difficult circumstances drove

Poverty And Homelessness Essay

1143 words - 5 pages the Nova library. Doak J. Melissa. Ed. “Money, Income, and Poverty Status.’ Minorities: Race and Ethnicity in America. 2012. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Information plus Reference Series. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. In this article, it describes how income influence where people live, what kind of food they eat, how they dress, what cars they drive, and what school their children attend to. How much income people have can be

Latin America Essays

6085 words - 25 pages of at least two Latin American countries. Discuss at least two modes of engagement of the following: economic, political/international relations, social, or cultural. Critically discuss the rise of “the new left” in Latin America. How widespread is it? To what does this trend owe its rapid rise? What are the different types of "lefts" according to Luna? Cite at least two illustrative examples. Finally, do recent economic and political trends

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere Assess The Usefulness Of Modernization Theory As An Explanation For Differences In The Levels Of Development Of Different Societies. (18 Marks)

811 words - 4 pages Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the usefulness of modernization theory as an explanation for differences in the levels of development of different societies. (18 marks) When the Second World War ended, it became clear that countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean were remaining poor despite exposure to capitalism and the rational scientific ways of thinking that underpinned this economic system. There was

Reaction Paper To Angela Whitikers Climb

894 words - 4 pages on the lowest rung of the poverty class in America. Angela understood what it was like living in poverty, so much so that she chose to no longer tolerate this lifestyle. Looking down upon other women who have grown accustomed to their life in poverty Angela took a stand and vowed to get herself out. Her actions proved successful as she is now a registered nurse, but this is more than just a story of living the “American dream.” This is a story

Who Have The Been The Main Winners And Losers From Globalisation?

2982 words - 12 pages services, capital and even labour’. Economically, we can clearly distinguish the winners and losers of globalization: developed and developing countries, respectively. In the international scale, economic globalization entails neoliberal policies – and the use of markets – as the tool needed to foster growth, reduce poverty and create convergence between First and Third World income, ergo reducing the global inequality gap. This mainly through the

Ec Paper On Inequality

1682 words - 7 pages are significant regional and country differences. For instance, in emerging Europe, Latin America, developed nations and developing Asia, inequality has increased; however, it has declined in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the IMF report on Globalization and Inequality, a couple of things regarding income distribution are worth being pointed out. First of all, , income growth has been positive over the past two decades in virtually all regions

Against The Dead Hand

1004 words - 5 pages catches mice." It died in Latin America during the debt crisis and lost decade of the 1980s. It died in the Soviet Empire with the collapse of the Berlin Wall. And it died in East Asia with the bursting of the Japanese bubble and the financial crisis of 1997-98. The death of that misbegotten dream, more than any other single factor, has been responsible for the process conveniently summarized by the catchword "globalization

Hell

2601 words - 11 pages . The resources from which all wealth comes are primarily in the undeveloped world, the “countryside” of the developed world. (Chapters 15, 16, & 17.) After World War II, the entire world was breaking free. Africa’s new leaders were planning to build a regional economy and emulating the United States. This is why potentially wealthy countries of Africa and Latin America were destabilized. If they had been permitted to develop, the wealth of the

Bvmnm

1140 words - 5 pages the l960s The silent majority in the l970s What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the second world war? How successfully did the administration of Eisenhower address those fears? dbq Analyze the successes and failures of the US cold war policy of containment as it developed in 2 of the following regions of the world during the period l945 to l975/ Asia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East Assess the

Reminders Of Poverty Soon Forgotten

683 words - 3 pages in helping the under privileged get out of the city. The question stands though does government mismanagement of a particular situation prove a societal disinterest in helping our fellow man. Since the mid 1960’s America has spent more than 22 trillion dollars on the issue of poverty in America if the money had not been spent on the programs to deal with poverty the country may not have the 17 trillion dollar debt that we now enjoy. Keyssar

Related Essays

Natural Disasters And Poverty: Example Of Haiti And Chile

968 words - 4 pages richest country in Latin America, is equipped with a robust regime of earthquake preparedness, has a long history of handling seismic catastrophes and the authorities rigorously apply building codes. The recognition of the need to integrate disaster management in the development process and to ensure that disaster reduction activities are incorporated at all levels of development planning represents an important shift in policy and practice in

Brazil Essay

559 words - 3 pages Brazil is a country that has seen income inequality drop of the last decade, unemployment is at near record lows, and there has been substantial middle class growth. By most estimates, 40 million people have been pulled out of poverty in the last decade and extreme poverty had been reduced by 89 percent. Nocera, Joe; "Does Brazil Have the Answer," The New York Times, 20 Jan, 2014. Brazil is the largest of the Latin American countries and

Kentucky Fried Chicken And The Global Fast Food Industry

3507 words - 15 pages healthier alternatives has also resulted in a slow down of the industry. - The NAFTA has eliminated tariffs between member nations, allowing better accessibility to Latin America, particularly Mexico. Although some drawbacks are evident such as political and economic instability in some Latin American countries, this market provides a great opportunity for KFC and its competitors to expand their operations in the region. 4.0 Criteria of Evaluation

Poverty Essay

1329 words - 6 pages suffer major cases of poverty such as India and China. In this essay I will be focusing on how India, China and the United States of America try to solve poverty in their countries. The United States of America has a population of 317,128,000, which is the third biggest country in the world after China and India. In 2008 35% if the American population lived in poverty and now in 2013 around 15% live in poverty which a huge improvement. Kiryas