This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Power Essay

7974 words - 32 pages

The Bases of Social Power

The processes of power are pervasive, complex, and often disguised in our society.
Accordingly one finds in political science, in sociology, and in social psychology a
variety of distinctions among different types of social power or among qualitatively
different processes of social influence (1, 7, 14, 20, 23, 29, 30, 38, 40). Our main
purpose is to identify the major types of power and to define them systematically so that
we may compare them according to the changes which they produce and the other
effects which accompany the use of power. The phenomena of power and influence
involve a dyadic relation ...view middle of the document...



Power and Influence in Groups

Since we shall define power in terms of influence, and influence in terms of psychological
change, we begin with a discussion of
change. We want to define change at a
level of generality which includes changes in
behavior, opinions, attitudes, goals, needs,
values, and all other aspects of the person's
psychological field. We shall use the word
"system" to refer to any such part of
the life space.' Following Lewin (26, 305) the
state of a system at tin>e 1 will be denoted
si (a).
Psychological change is defined as any alteration of the state of some system a over
time. The amount of change is measured by
the size of the difference between the states of
the system a at time 1 and at time 2:
ch (a) = S2 (a) ~ si (a).
Change in any psychological system may be
conceptualized in terms of psychological
forces. But it is important to note that the
change must be coordinated to the resultant
force of all the forces operating at the moment.
Change in an opinion, for example, may be'
determined jointly by a driving force induced
by another person, a restraining force corresponding to anchorage in a group opinion,
and an own force stemming from the person's

Our theory of social influence and power is
limited to influence on the person, P, produced
by a social agent, O, where O can be either
another person, a role, a norm, a group, or a
part of a group. We do not consider social
influence exerted on a group.
The influence of O on system a in the life
space of P is defined as the resultant force on
system a which has its source in an act of O.
This resultant force induced by O consists of
two components: a force to change the system
in the direction induced by O and an opposing
resistance set up by the same act of O.
By this definition the influence of O does
1 The word "system" is here used to refer to a
whole or to a part of the whole.

not include P's own forces nor the forces induced by other social agents. Accordingly the
"influence" of O must be clearly distinguished
from O's "control" of P. O may be able to
induce strong forces on P to carry out an activity (i.e., O exerts strong influence on P); but if
the opposing forces induced by another person
or by P's own needs are stronger, then P will
locomote in an opposite direction (i.e., O does
not have control over P). Thus psychological
change in P can be taken as an operational
definition of the social influence of O on P only
when the effects of other forces have been
It is assumed that any system is interdependent with other parts of the life space so that a
change in one may produce changes in others.
However, this theory focuses on the primary
changes in a system which are produced directly by social influence; it is less concerned
with secondary changes which are indirectly
effected in the...

Other Papers Like Power

Dominant Power Characterics Essay

1343 words - 6 pages Dominant Power Characteristics Lindsey Moore MGT/311 February 23, 2014 Ileene Chernoff Dominant Power Characteristics Kristen Moh is the general manager of the Holiday Inn. Kristen has been working in the hotel industry for approximately 15 years. He started his hospitality career as a bus boy in the hotel’s restaurant, The Fairway. After advancing to many positions like the restaurant supervisor, catering supervisor, catering manager

Power To The President Essay

1531 words - 7 pages Shyam Venkatasubramanian TA: Anthony Sparacino PLAP 1010 Power to the President Throughout the history of the United States, the three branches of government had experienced their respective highs and lows. During creation of the United States Constitution, its authors had a preconceived notion that the legislative branch would end up being the more capable of the other two branches of government. All things considered, the legislative

The Power Of Language

1771 words - 8 pages Kayla Noll April 12th, 2015 Hartman Arguments and Persuasions in Arts/Humanities The Power of Language In “A Handmaids Tale” by Margaret Atwood we see the establishment of a new world. This new world has taken over what was previously known as The United States of America. We see a world where women are oppressed, restricted in their rights, and where government has total control over it’s people. These acts of oppression and

Florida Power & Light

1510 words - 7 pages PROGRAMA DE ESPECIALIZACION PARA EJECUTIVOS 2012/5 GERENCIA DE OPERACIONES TEMA: CASO FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT PROFESOR: ALDO BRESANI TORRES Octubre, 2012 Resumen Ejecutivo El presente trabajo detalla la transformación de la empresa Florida Power & Light (FPL) al implementar una nueva filosofía: Programa de la Mejora Continua (PMC), para así poder obtener el Premio Deming en el año 1989. Aplicando la nueva filosofía

Florida Power Light:

1524 words - 7 pages Administración de Operaciones Florida Power Light: Ejercicio de la mejora de la calidad. Integrantes: Pierre Astudillo María Elena Espinoza Angélica Fonseca Julio del 2013 1. Antecedentes A principios de los años ochentas la crisis económica agobiaba a la mayoría de industrias norteamericanas. La dependencia por el petróleo hacia que los precios de los productos y servicios se disparen. Esto causaba malestar e inconformidad

The Five Bases Of Power

807 words - 4 pages The Five Bases of Power Julie Kisman BCOM/230 April 20, 2015 Gloria Davis The Five Bases of Power All too often, we are stuck in a working environment the majority of our day, years, and lives, of people who have different personalities and governing styles than we do. “Power means many different things to different people. For some, power is seen as corrupt. For others, the more power they have, the more successful they feel. For even

Supreme Court Rise To Power

3569 words - 15 pages government were as follow the lawmaking, executive and the jurisdictive. The constitution started out has simple two page document because the founding fathers couldn’t agree on much of anything. When the framers first thought of the Supreme Court they were thinking of a branch of government that would have supreme power. This is evident by the way each branch is laid out in the establishment. Each branch of government has its power expounded to

Reseña Mintz-Sweetness And Power

726 words - 3 pages Mintz, S. W. (1985). Sweetness and power: The place of sugar in modern history. New York, N.Y: Viking. La lectura de los dos capítulos del libro de Mintz "Sweetness and Power", titulados "Production" y "Consumption" son un análisis del azúcar a través de su función mercantil. Es el estudio del azúcar como un producto que necesitó (y así mismo produjo) un conjunto de factores políticos, económicos y sociales para posicionarse de un producto

The Power Of Small Wins

5564 words - 23 pages they feel and perform. The power of progress is fundamental to human nature, but few managers understand it or know how to leverage progress to boost motivation. In fact, work motivation has been a subject of long-standing debate. In a survey asking about the keys to motivating workers, we found that some managers ranked recognition for good work as most important, while others put more stock in tangible incentives. Some focused on the value of

Explain The Main Sources Of Monopoly Power

426 words - 2 pages monopoly is a type of market where there is only one firm producing a good or service for that particular market. Pure monopoly is wen there is a sole supplier with no close substitutes, which rarely happens. A more common thing to happen is monopoly power. Monopoly power can even occur in oligopolistic markets: a market with a few dominating firms producing goods or services. Monopoly power is when a firm can behave independently of competition

Shifting Consumer Power In Digital Marketing

940 words - 4 pages Insight into how Digital Marketing shifted changed Consumer power Introduction – Current climate With the technology of the internet ushering in a global community and market place online, it is important for organisations to analyse their online markets, understand consumer behaviours and the best way interact with customers online and create digital campaigns that is engaging and a positive experience for their customer. A recent study

Related Essays

Power Essay

889 words - 4 pages Knowledge and Individual Power When someone hears the words “Knowledge and Individual Power” what might come to mind is the well-said and overused quote “ Knowledge is Power”. With these different poems is it is important to notice that although they might share a common theme of knowledge gaining and personal and individual empowerment within ones self, they are just that, representations of individuals own power. The three poems I am

Ethical Power Essay

250 words - 1 page Power refers to the influence that leaders and managers have over the behavior and decisions of subordinates Five Types of Power • reward power • coercive power • legitimate power • expert power • referent power REWARD POWER It refers to a person's ability to influence the behavior of others by offering them something desirable COERCIVE POWER It is the opposite of reward power. Instead of rewarding a person for doing something

Presidential Power Essay

2700 words - 11 pages How much power does the President really have? Does the President sometimes overstep his boundaries? Can the President also be put in his place by the legislative branch or the judicial branch? The answer to both of the latter questions is yes. Yes the president oversteps his boundaries, but there are also times when he has almost no power and his powers can be taken away from him. There are times when he uses his influence and power to

Power Essay

1850 words - 8 pages University of Phoenix Material Personal Exploration Worksheet Part 1: Select 4 groups that you are the least familiar with from the following list: • African Americans • Native Americans • Latino(a) • Asian Americans • Jewish Americans • Arab/Muslim Americans • Single mothers • Displaced homemakers • People over 60 • Unemployed people over 50 • Immigrants Part 2: Write a 50- to 100-word response to each