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Private Business Organization’s Success Depends On Employee Overall Performance

9437 words - 38 pages

A study of factors related to successful and failure of entrepreneurs of small industrial business with emphasis on their level of education and training
Yadollah Mehralizadeh (PhD)1 & Hossain Sajady (PhD)2 (With Ahmad Zandavanian and Yaser Timoury) Abstract This paper examines the determinants of business start-up, long and short-term success, and failure of small businesses. Entrepreneurs and small firm success and failure have been the subject of extensive research. It is important to understand the external, internal, and motivational factors responsible for business start-up, the barriers faced during the initial and continuous stages of trading and the advice and assistance available ...view middle of the document...

Key words: entrepreneurs, small business, management skills, and performance

1

Associate Professor in Faculty of education and psychology, University of Shahid Chamran-Ahvaz, Iranymehr@hotmail.com 2 Associate Professor in Faculty of Economic and Social Science, University of Shahid Chamran 3 The authors want to thank to support of Entrepreneurship center of University of Shahid Chamran Ahvaz .

Electronic copy of this paper is available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=902045

Introduction Small businesses can be a vehicle for both Schumpeterian entrepreneurs introducing new products and processes that change the industry and for people who simply run and own a business for a living (Wennekers and Thurik, 1999). During the first decades of the last century, small businesses were both a vehicle for entrepreneurship and a source of employment and income. Schumpeter (1912) conceived his theory of economic development in this era. Here Schumpeter emphasizes the role of the entrepreneur as prime cause of economic development. Mehralizadeh (1999), Acs and Audretsch (1990) and Carlsson (1992) provide evidence concerning manufacturing industries in countries in varying stages of economic development. Mehralizadeh (1999) and Lauder and Brown (1996) in their models advance three explanations and waves for the shift toward smallness and flexibility. The first wave is related to Fordist production (Mass production) deals with fundamental changes in the world economy from the 1940s onwards. Second wave is started since 1970 called neo-Fordist management system, which due to the changes relate to the intensification of global competition, the increase in the degree of uncertainty and the growth in market fragmentation. The third wave is PostFordist system of management, which deals with changes in the character of technological progress, system of work and human resource development. Study these waves show that flexible automation has various effects resulting in a shift from large to smaller firms. Also Piore and Sable (1984) and Thurik, R, and Weneekers, S (2001) argues that the instability of markets in the 1970s resulted in the demise of mass production and promoted flexible specialization. This fundamental change in the path of technological development led to the occurrence of vast diseconomies of scale. Post2
Electronic copy of this paper is available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=902045

Fordist system of management is marked with entrperunres. Entrepreneurship and therefore "the entrepreneur", is at the core of what makes an enterprise succeeds, whether you call it an entrepreneurial firm, a small business, a family business, a home-based business, or a new business. In order to develop a theoretical framework for this study we focused on some important factors. Based on the review literature, theories of total quality management, entrepreneur’s theories, and our explorative interviews with knowledgeable official staff and entrepreneurs we...

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