2012 International Conference on Traffic and Transportation Engineering (ICTTE 2012) IPCSIT vol. 26 (2012) © (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore
Private Vehicle Ownership and Transportation Planning in Malaysia
Noresah Mohd Shariff +
School of Distance Education Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang Malaysia
Abstract. This paper analyzes current trends in private vehicle ownership in Malaysia. For the past decades private vehicle ownership has increased tremendously in this country which is partly due to the economic growth, rapid urban development, population growth and inadequate public transport availability and services. In 2010, Malaysia has a population of 28.3 million, 17.4 ...view middle of the document...
Keywords: Motorization, vehicle ownership, transportation planning, Malaysia
Malaysia has witnessed an explosive rise in the demand for transport vehicles in recent decades in conjunction with its rapid economic growth. The highest growth of urbanization and motorization was recorded in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia and the Klang Valley region in which the rates of increase in vehicle ownership are the highest in Kuala Lumpur compared to any other part of the country . Currently, the number of private own vehicles registered in Malaysia shows increasing trends. Malaysia’s national car projects also have played a role in motor vehicle growth by limiting the options available to the government . The public transport system in Malaysia is poor and hence, the private transport flourished that about 24% increase was observed in private transport usage between the years 1985-2005 . Most of the urban cities like Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Johor Bahru, Kuching and Kota have an increased car population rate. More than 35% of the nation’s oil consumption is by transportation sector . Private vehicles today have become the main means of travel of urban living in developing countries. Consistent economic growth, rising incomes, and urbanization have led to rapid growth in vehicle ownership and usage hence air pollution and other environmental hazards are another important concern. The rapid urbanization and motorization seen in Malaysia at present is mainly due to the expanding economy since 1987 . Malaysian economy is developing so fast that most of the people afford to have private vehicles and hence the vehicle population has also boomed . The current trend shows that private vehicle ownership is consistently increasing in Malaysia which may have serious environmental and socio-economic
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consequences. Congested roads, lack of public transport facilities and parking space are main problems among other. In Malaysia, the total number of registered motor vehicles has increased 15 million vehicles (motor cars, motorcycles, taxis, buses and freight vehicles) at the end of 2005 in which Motorcycle takes the largest share at 7 million (47%), followed closely by passenger cars at 6.5 million (43%) . Vehicle ownership in the Klang Valley increased from 247 vehicles per 1,000 persons in 1990 to 546 and 994 vehicles per 1,000 persons in 1996 and 2002 respectively, far beyond the national level per 1,000 population of 91 vehicles in 1990, 133 in 1996 and 210 vehicles in 2002 , . Rising vehicle congestion and slower travel speeds are the most obvious impact of rapid motorization. With the increase in vehicle ownership, it has been emphasized that the demand for travel to central city areas would grow far beyond the capacity of the road network. The strong fleet growth as compared to low road network growth has...