PSYCHOLOGY—the science that studies behavior and mental processes
THEORY—a set of hypothesized statements about the relationship among events
PURE RESEARCH—research conducted without concern for immediate applications
APPLIED RESEARCH—research conducted in an effort to find solutions to particular problems
INTROSPECTION—deliberate looking into one’s own cognitive processes to examine one’s thoughts and feelings
STRUCTURALISM—the school of psychology that argues that the mind consists of three basic elements—sensations, feelings and images—that combine to form experience
FUNCTIONALISM—the school of psychology that emphasizes the uses or functions of the mind rather than the elements of ...view middle of the document...
00 and -1.00 that expresses the strength and direction (positive or negative) of the relationship between the variable
EXPERIMENT—a scientific methos that seeks to confirm cause-and-effect relationships by inroducing idependent variables and observing their effects on dependent variables
INDEPENDENT VARIABLE—a condition in a scientific study that is manipulated so that its effects may be observed
DEPENDENT VARIABLE—a measure of an assumed effect of an independent variable
EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS—in experiments, groups whose members obtain the treatment
CONTROL GROUPS—in experiments, groups whose members do not obtain the treatment, while other conditions are held constant
PLACEBO—a bogus treatment that has the...