Pyc4811 Community Psychology Essay

1918 words - 8 pages

Monica Fourie
Student Number: 45918287
Assignment 1:
Unique number – 657794

Monica Fourie
Student Number: 45918287

Assignment 1: Unique number -

1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 1
2. DISCUSSION ................................................................................................................ 1

History ............................................................................................................................................... 1


Focus, involvement and aim ...view middle of the document...

What people have realised overtime though is that there is not just one solution
or cure all method that can influence social problems; rather it is a combination of caring, working together and
applying various different approaches to generate a balance that will lessen conflict and social problems.



Community psychology and public health are two approaches that are used to tackle social problems. Below
follows a discussion on both approaches to gain more insight into how they originated, what similarities and
differences they have and how each approach is making a difference.


Community Psychology
During the 1800 and 1900’s a growing number of people became dissatisfied with the ability and the way that
clinical psychologist were handling the demand of the masses for support and treatment, especially after World
War Two, there just wasn’t enough trained people to give the support needed. Psychologists started looking at
ways to reach more people at the same time and during the 1960s community psychology began to emerge and
today many recognize a 1965 meeting at the Swampscott Conference as the official beginning of contemporary
community psychology. At this meeting, the attendees concluded that psychology needed to take a greater focus
on communities and social change in order to address the mental health and well-being of more people at the
same time. It was only during the 1980’s that South Africa adopted and started to apply some of the community
psychology principals that first originated in America.
Public Health
Public health originated in the rural areas of South Africa in the early 1940s.

A group of South-African doctors

started a project in Pholela with the idea to integrate clinical medicine and public health. They realized that a more
holistic understanding of the reasons for physical diseases was needed to educate and cure people. Their
approach focused on getting to know the residents of Phoela and its environment; they were then able to start
involving people and educating them on ways to become and stay physically healthy. This integration lead to a
number of health care centers opening in South-Africa. During the 1950’s some of the doctors immigrated overseas
and started new public health initiatives in Israel and America.

Focus, involvement and aim

Community Psychology
The focus of community psychology is on the masses and not just on an individual in a one-on-one setting as is the
norm when practicing clinical psychology. Everyone from the ordinary person to the leader in a community are
involved and invited to act together with the guidance from a community psychologist to find solutions to problems
that respect diversity and are not judgemental or discriminatory. Community psychology takes a holistic, systemsbased approach and aims to understand people’s behaviour, mental health and the underlying social issues that
contribute to problems...

Other Papers Like Pyc4811 - Community Psychology

Regretful Decisions Essay

930 words - 4 pages Regretful Decisions There are many individuals in a child’s life that helps mold them into a well-rounded adult. In most cases, this guidance comes from the child’s parents or other older, but in Sonny’s case, this guidance was expected from his older brother. In the short narrative, Sonny’s Blues, Sonny’s life was adversely affected by the decisions that his older brother made. The decisions that his brother made include leaving Sonny to stay

Jail Responsibilities Essay

589 words - 3 pages Jail Responsibilities Monique Priorello September 23, 2012 One of the main responsibilities of a jail is to give the officers the correct “Police Correspondence” courses. This is because these courses give the officers the effective basic training that they need to do things such as; Writing of Memoranda, Police Reports, and Civilian Letters. What needs to be done first is make sure that there are NO errors. This means in


638 words - 3 pages Starbucks Nefertiti Wright Sangita Patel October 15, 2012 STARBUCKS 2 STARBUCKS - 1 - [no notes on this page]I. Job description a. Baristas II. Job specifications a. Duties III. Form of departmentalization STARBUCKS 3 Starbucks Starbucks have been named in the 100 best companies to work for. Starbucks has many job opportunities for people, which require the right job specifications. The employees create uplifting experience

Fight Club

917 words - 4 pages Fight Club is a story of the narrator’s struggle to gain control over his life. He is in search for an identity in the form of manhood. His masculinity is so repressed because of the absence of a father figure in his life. Because of this he creates Tyler, his alternate personality. Tyler is nothing like anyone the narrator has met, he is self assured and completely free. The narrators alternate personality Tyler Durden is the ultimate alpha-male

The Powers Of The Health And Safety Representative

254 words - 2 pages The Powers of the Health and Safety Representative A health and safety representative has the power to: Identify Workplace Hazards The health and safety representative has the power to identify workplace hazards. This power is usually exercised by conducting workplace inspections. Obtain Information from the Employer The health and safety representative is entitled to the same information available to a joint committee member. Under the Act

Lesson Plan

6476 words - 26 pages QWERTYUIOP by Vivien Alcock Table of Contents Introduction About Short Stories The Writer Synopsis Elements Activities Beyond The Text Assessment Answer Key Glossary Panel of Writers [pic] SHORT STORY Welcome to the World of Literature and to Short Stories! We hope you will enjoy working with this guidebook, which has been specially designed to help you prepare your students enjoy the Literature


1227 words - 5 pages Coca-Cola Global Business and Marketing Strategy Introduction As domestic markets mature, it is becoming more and more fashionable for organisations to seek growth through opportunities in foreign countries. Faster communication, new technologies and improved transport links are making international markets more accessible and businesses pursuing a global position can experience an upsurge in brand awareness and cost effectiveness. Global

Facing Poverty With A Rich Girl's Habit

783 words - 4 pages Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit Adele Strader Professor Chryst English Composition October 22, 2012 Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit was written by Suki Kim and published in the New York Times on November 21, 2004. The most important point that Suki want to make was that (1) what we have in life can be taken away in an instant (2) do not go bankrupt in South Korea (3) that a person must adapt and endure

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages -4-50 paperLack of exercise is a key contributor to disease and death among many people in the United States, regardless of age. It is a well-known fact that exercise results in a healthier lifestyle. Along with tobacco use and poor nutrition, lack of exercise is one of the main issues that people have which leads to high blood pressure, obesity, and other serious health problems. According to a study by UCSD School of Medicine and SDSU


836 words - 4 pages Miguel Beatrice Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involved in prices and markets. By extension called capitalist higher social class of this economic system ("bourgeoisie"), or to the common form would the individual interests of capital owners in both companies, shareholders and patterns, also called capitalism


1177 words - 5 pages Homelessness in America Homelessness in America is a social problem that we are faced with on a daily basis. Despite the vast number of research done by Americans on homelessness, little is still known about the effect that it has on our society. The overall image that emerges from the effects of homeless people

Related Essays

Pyc4811 657794 Essay

859 words - 4 pages everything that leads to mental illness in society.  References Gilbert, L. (1995). Sociology and the ‘New Public Health’ in South Africa. South African Journal of Sociology, 26(4), 115-124. Guernina, Z. (1995). Community and Health Psychology in Practice: Professor George Albee interviewed by Dr. Zoubida Guernina. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 5(3), 207-214. Seedat, M., Cloete, N. & Shochet, I. (1988). Community Psychology: Panic or panacea. Psychology in Society, 11, 39-54. Tutorial Letter 102, PYC4811 (2015) Department of Psychology, University of South Africa, Pretoria, p. 5-12.

Lafarge S.A Essay

2924 words - 12 pages respect for the common interest of present and future generations”. Their activities have produced a brand that is adored by their employees and all stakeholders alike. This provides a positive reputation which enhances smooth operations, business continuity and an edge over the competition. Laszlo & Myers (2006) elucidate the results of this value in their explanation of business results for Lafarge in the Chhatak community as thus “For its

Finance Essay

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to an