Rehabilitation Versus Punishment
Macomb Community College
In this essay, I will go over the issues of punishment versus rehabilitation for convicted offenders. The issues I will point out will be how punishment and rehabilitation affects deterrence of crime, how it impacts the victims and their families, and the financial impact upon society. This debate will show both pros and cons to punishment and rehabilitation.
The criminal justice system and the public have opinions on how each should work and not work. I will go over each side of the issue when it should be time to punish or rehabilitate.
The Deterrence theory is if one commits a crime the punishment should ...view middle of the document...
When offenders get involved with any type of rehabilitation program their criminal ways change and they will no longer have a desire to commit a crime.
Victims have been passed over and lurking in the back round of the criminals. In the past victims and their family have been treated very unfair through the proceeding since the Constitutional rights gave the criminals the “right to a speedy trial, the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and due process under the law” (Larrabee, 2006, p. 1). The courts found victims ignored so many times they were told to leave or stay away from the court during proceedings. Many victims felt they were being re-victimized, so as of 2004 President Bush signed a law guarantying the victims had rights to be in the courtroom during the trails. For victims and their family, emotions can run free and can be stressful if courts handed out a sentence that was improper.
Victims would like to see punishment handed to accused, rather than giving them rehabilitation. Majority of the society punishment by incarceration is the best sentence for an offender to receive, because they couldn’t commit a future crime. If offender was on probation they would have a chance to join programs that was offered by the courts in which could benefit the victims and their families. Programs such as Victim Impact Panel allows the victim to be face to face with the offender, hoping that the offender could understand how the crime affected the victim’s life.
When an offender is sentenced to incarceration it could affect offenders psychologically. They can become depressed due to separation from family, and the outside world. Incarceration can hurt the family of an offender by leaving one parent to raise a family; then finances will become a major problem. After the offender gets out they have the risk of committing another crime from being isolated from society. They could have a hard time getting a job. If offenders had probation, then families wouldn’t be separated and finances wouldn’t be affected.
When looking into society we see different groups of people. Criminals normally have a poor education, no job or low paying job, and started young or grew up around crime. If we take a group of people and discuss how punishment and rehabilitation can impact offenders, most likely people will argue due to cost to house inmates, and the increase of inmates in prison.
The problem with the justice system they try to punish and rehabilitate at the same time. This could be a cross road to mishaps for offenders. The sentencing of offenders giving less time or more for certain crimes all this impacts society on punishment versus rehabilitation. When...