Research, Statistics, and Psychology
Psychology is the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior (Kowalski & Westen, 2007, p. 3). During the late 19th century, psychology became an actual science because of the fascination of human behavior. Psychologists use observation to measure human behavior better to understand mental and biological processes, motives, and personality traits. Human behavior may be understood through applied and academic science (Psychology Majors, 2011). Based on this, research using the scientific method is necessary for statistical psychology.
Early research and use of scientific method in psychology included the works of Edward Titchener. ...view middle of the document...
To validate a hypothesis, experimentation must be conducted and recorded. Experimentation is used to gather statistical data to use interpret the results of an experiment to support the hypothesis.
The application of the scientific method uses mathematics and inquiry-based learning to the application of psychology as a science (Kampis & Karsai, 2010). Statistics is a branch of mathematics that focuses on the organization, analysis, and interpretation of a group of numbers (Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2009, p. 2). According to Newberry and Petocz (2010), statistics in psychology use conceptual analysis as a fundamental part of the scientific method. Conceptual analysis is an analysis of terms, variables, hypothesis, and theories that uses examination for clarity as it relates to psychology (Newberry & Petocz, 2010).
Basically, conceptual analysis as a scientific method is also called theoretical research. The use of theory is related to critical thinking. The scientific method is a fundamental part of empirical research methods; to include quantative, qualitive, and mixed. Statistics are essentially a “quantative discipline that contains a necessary core of qualitative component” (Newberry & Petocz, 2010, p. 3).
Primary statistical data gathered through research is the original material gathered through actual experimentation. This type of data has usually not been interpreted by anyone other than the scientist or psychologist. Many researchers will develop a detailed log or data recorded throughout experiments, which is vital to primary data. Secondary data is gathered through the interpretation of sources after the initial experimentation. Subject-matter experts or scholars usually review statistical data to draw conclusions from the original experiments conducted.
Statistics are vital to research. Scholars use demonstrative methods to compare and contrast response patterns through experiments (Kampis & Karsai, 2010). Research requires the scientific method to gather data. The data is compiled to compare and contrast a hypothesis. Data collection used to test hypothesis is also used for the formulation of the hypothesis that dictates a theory. Therefore, psychological experimentation must use the scientific method, which requires research to formulate.
Statistics compiled from research using the scientific method require collaboration from scientists with various backgrounds (Kampis &...