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Researcj Essay

1866 words - 8 pages

Research Process and Methodologies Study Guide
Ebony McClain
HCS/465-Health Care Research Utilization
December 14, 2015
Dr. Donna M. Lewis Lee

Research Process and Methodologies Study Guide

Steps in Research Process

There are a total of seven steps in the research process, which are the following: Identify the research problem, review information, clarify the problem, prepare the research proposal, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and works cited report.
Research Problem

In order to first, define the problem, it is important to understand the problem thoroughly and having the capability of rearticulating the problem into terms that easily understood from ...view middle of the document...

This can be accomplished by using the resources available through the library database(s). It is important during this step in the process that resources are also being checked for reliability and accuracy. The library database(s) provides a large range of information pertaining to just about any topic. Furthermore, facts are also provided based on the past, present, and future anticipation about the topic of choice.
Data Collection

Data collection is what follows next in the research process. Each resource should be reviewed thoroughly and relevant notes should be taken regarding the topic. It is important to keep track of the resources that are being collected throughout the research process, even if there is a chance that it may not be used. When one gets to the final step of creating the bibliography, it is required to have the following: author, title, publisher, URL, and any other information that may be required to properly cite a source.
Data Analysis

After the resources and articles have been gathered and sorted through, the next step is to begin the draft of brainstorming thoughts and ideas, which will lead to forming a research paper in an orderly fashion.
Citing Sources

The final step to the research process is citing resources. It is very important within this step that resources are cited properly for many reasons such as the following: if sources are used (which they will be) it is mandatory to give the author credit for his/her work or the materials used, it allows for users/readers to locate further information if the sources are cited properly, and plagiarism is prevented.
Difference between Hypothesis and a Research Question

The research question is the force behind the hypothesis. This can easily be confused or interpreted as if it has the same meaning; however, that is false. Before research can go any further, a good research question and hypothesis should be formed. The research question helps in determining what the focal point in the studies can or must be, while also justifying the basics prerequisites of the investigation to follow. On the other hand, a hypothesis is an explanation as to why something occurred during a testing or educated guess. Together the research question and hypothesis stimulate the research. Therefore, a hypothesis will only be as good as the research question.
Research Methodologies

There are four types of research methodologies, which are the following: quantitative, qualitative, pragmatic approach, (also known as mixed methods), and advocacy/participatory approach, (also known as emancipatory).
Quantitative Research

Quantitative research is best described as gathering data and converting the information into a numerical method in order for factual statistics to be formed and analysis to be made for researchers and users.
Qualitative research
Qualitative research is associated with more in-depth research to provide a better understanding to...

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