EXERCISE Underline the gerund phrase in each of the following sentences. Then, identify its function in
the sentence by writing above it S for subject, PN for predicate nominative, DO for direct object, or OP for object of a preposition.
1. Jumping out of airplanes sounds scary to me.
2. Our reason for calling you is to invite you to our graduation.
3. I don’t mind shoveling snow once in a while.
4. Skidding on wet pavement causes many accidents.
5. You will enjoy meeting Hatim.
6. Sweating over a hot stove in August is not fun.
7. My favorite weekend activity is singing with a local band.
8. Achieving a perfect score gave Molly a sense of pride.
9. Instead of subtracting the ...view middle of the document...
7. That’s a project to begin early!
8. I keep an alarm clock on my desk to remind me of how much study time remains.
9. To concentrate for an hour is sometimes a challenge.
10. I am sure to excel in my classes if I stick with my study habits.
EXERCISE Decide if the underlined word group in each sentence is a gerund phrase or a participial
phrase. Then, above the underlined word or words, write G for gerund phrase or P for participial phrase.
1. Eating out in Tokyo is fun.
2. The problem is choosing among so many different restaurants.
3. Pointing at the puppy, Jim said he really wanted to get one.
4. In botany class, we became quite good at identifying types of flowers.
5. After dinner, feeling happy and full, we thanked our hosts.
6. Going to the beach this summer will be a lot of fun.
7. Searching for an answer, I looked in a current dictionary.
8. Smiling proudly, the little boy pointed to his new toys.
9. I have always enjoyed eating sushi.
10. It’s too bad that preparing sushi is Mom’s least favorite thing to do!
11. Buying a used car requires research.
12. The little boy stomped into his room, slamming the door behind him.
13. The team has a slim chance of finishing in the top four.
14. The dog, wagging its tail wildly, bounded out to meet us.
15. Quickly paying for the groceries, she ran out of the store.
16. Decorating this birthday cake will take at least an hour.
17. My cousin actually enjoys taking tests.
18. Sorting through the old photographs, we found a portrait of our grandfather.
19. The alligator, gliding silently through the dark water, approached its prey.
20. My least favorite part of this job is scraping the paint off the woodwork.
Exercise In each of the following sentences, underline the appositive or appositive phraseand circle the word or words it identifies or explains.