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Role Of Ngo In Bd Essay

6827 words - 28 pages

ROLE OF NGO IN POVERTY REDUCTION OF BANGLADESH



BASED ON A 2013 SURVEY
OF NGO ACTIVITIES IN BANGLADESH

ROLE OF NGO IN POVERTY REDUCTION OF BANGLADESH

BASED ON A 2013 SURVEY
OF NGO ACTIVITIES IN BANGLADESH

Prepared for
Ms. Kohinoor Biswas
Assistant Professor
Department of Business Administration
East West University, Dhaka.

Prepared by
Muhammad Kawsar Khan
ID: 2011-1-10-411
Section: 02

April 17, 2014

April 17, 2014

Ms. Kohinoor Biswas
Assistant Professor
Department of Business Administration
East West University

Subject: Submission of assignment on Role of NGO in Poverty Reduction of Bangladesh

Dear Madam,
This is a great pleasure for us to ...view middle of the document...

6.1 Primary source………………………………………………………...... 2
1.6.2 Secondary source……………………………………………………….. 3
2.0 NGO AND ITS NATURE IN BANGLADESH…………………………….. 4
2.1 Meaning of NGO………………………………………………………………. 4
2.2 Laws of NGO in Bangladesh………………………………………………….. 4
2.3 Types of NGO…………………………………………………………………. 5
3.0 THE ROLE NGO IN POVERTY REDUCTION OF BANGLDESH…….. 8
3.1 Reasons of Poverty in Bangladesh……………………………………………. 8
3.2 Activities of NGO in Bangladesh……………………………………………… 9
3.3 The Mechanism of Microfinance Project of NGO…………………………… 11
3.4 Sources of Fund and Financial Sustainability……………………………….. 13
3.5 Microcredit Activities of BRAC……………………………………………… 15
3.6 Criticisms of NGOs in Bangladesh……………………………………………. 16
4.0 FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS OF MICROCREDIT ACTIVITIES OF NGO… 19
5.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR COORDINATION OF NGOS……………… 21
6.0 CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………… 22
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………….. 23
APPENDEX……………………………………………………………………… 24
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 3.1 Institute-wise cumulative loan disbursement....……………………………….. 12
Figure 3.2 Top 4 MFIs in terms of disbursement, outstanding loan and savings……….. 13
Figure 3.3 Trends of sources of fund over the time……………………………………..… 14

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
NGOs started their journey in Bangladesh just after the liberation war. At the beginning, NGOs appeared with some apparently noble programmed like reconstruction of war-torn Bangladesh. They came forward to help the rural people to motivate their participation in income generating activities by lending money on easy terms and also by offering consultancy services. Gradually they took programmed like population control, alleviation of poverty, eradication of illiteracy, sanitation, adult education and environment improvement and so on. Reducing and eliminating human poverty has become the urgent task in the world in this new century. Bangladesh is a developing country and many people live under the poverty line. People are facing many problems in education, health, housing, sanitary etc. Bangladeshi NGOs help to overcome poverty. They help people grow up their position.
NGO is the short form of non-government organization. Main objective of NGO is to help poor people in the society. NGO helps poor people by providing the basic needs form which they are deprived. NGO provide their support to underprivileged people through their activities. Activities of NGO such as Micro-credit, Health & sanitation, Education, Advocacy and Employment are main activities which are conducted by NGO.
In Bangladesh there are mainly four types of institutions involved in micro-finance activities. These are:
1. Grameen Bank (GB), a member owned specialized institution,
2. Around 1500 Non- Governmental Organizations (NGO), like BRAC, Proshika, ASA, BURO-Tangail, BEES, CODEC, SUS, TMSS, and Action- Aid etc.
3. Commercial and Specialized banks like Bangladesh Krishi Bank (BKB), Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank (RAKUB) and ...

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