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Rwanda Essay

2244 words - 9 pages

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ASSESSMENT:

Table of Contents
I History and Introduction …………………………………………………………………….3
II Economic Overview …………………………………………………………………………..5
III Business Culture ……………………………………………………………………………….7
A. Business Ethics ……………………………………………………………………7
B. Greetings and Courtesies …………………………………………………….7
C. Meetings …………………………………………………………………………….8
D. Business Attire …………………………………………………………………….8
E. Women in Business ……………………………………………………………..8
F. Business Advisory …………………………………………………………………9
a. Politics and Graft ………………………………………………………9
b. Fraud ………………………………………………………………………..9
IV Conclusion ...view middle of the document...

Urundi split off in 1961 to become the Tutsi monarchy of Burundi, while Rwanda became a Hutu-majority republic. The following year both countries declared themselves to be independent sovereign powers.
The Rwandan Hutu majority elected Gregoire Kayibanda as prime minister, while disgruntled Tutsi factions took the hills as guerrilla rebels. These rebels began attacks on Hutu villages. Thousands of Tutsis fled the country into neighboring Burundi and Zaire. Beginning in 1972, Tutsis in Burundi began open attacks on Hutus, causing widespread fear across the border of Rwanda. General Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hut, overthrew Kayibanda in an effort to strengthen Rwandan resolve. He declared himself president and set about changing the nation into a single-party state. The Tusi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was formed in 1990 as an anti-government rebel force. Attacks by the RPF forced Rwandan government to grant multiparty elections in 1991. It took another three years for the government and the RPF to sign an uneasy truce.
A suspicious plane crash in 1994 killed both Habyarimana and Burundi president Ntaryamira, touching off genocidal attacks in both countries. In Rwanda, 500,000 people were killed mostly Tutsi. A new Hutu-led government was formed, but the RPF refused to recognize its legitimacy. Civil war broke out and the Hutu army was quickly defeated. The victorious RPF installed a multi-party government that included many Hutu officials. Most Hutus feared reprisals, and over two million of them fled into Zaire. The RPF soon backed a rebel force that overthrew the government of Zaire, later to be renamed The Democratic Republic of Congo.
Thousands of men and some women are still awaiting trial in Rwanda for their participation in the 1994 genocide. Trials are moving slowly and there is a move underway to have the accused face tribal arbitration rather than Western-style judicial courts. Even when the trials are complete, there may be no resolution to the centuries-old Hutu-Tutsi conflict. In January 2003, the government announced that it would release up to 40,000 of the 115,000 genocide suspects, due to increased costs caused by the illnesses of those scheduled to be released. A new constitution was adopted by referendum in 2003 that forbids any and all political activity based on race, ethnicity, or religion. In 2005, Rwanda expanded its system of “people’s courts” from just one tenth of the territory to the whole country.

II Economic Overview
Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 85% of the population engaged in mainly subsistence agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing. In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda’s primary foreign exchange earner.1 The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda’s fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country’s ability to attract private and external investment. However, Rwanda has made...

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