Schizophrenia Symptoms and Early Detection
RUNNING HEAD: SCHIZOPHRENIA EARLY DETECTION
Schizophrenia is a chronic, serve and disabling brain disorder that affects all domains of life about one percent of the population (Shioiri, Shinada, Kuwabara, & Someya, 2007; Insel, 2009; Martinez et al., 2011). It affects both men and woman starting at the age of 15 (Yeo, Berzins,& Addington, 2007; Insel, 2009). Looking at the three categorizes of symptoms: positive, negative, and cognitive; With the four phase or stages: prodromal, active, remission, and relapse and how they correlate with each other, there is the possibility of begin able to help find a way to be more accurate ...view middle of the document...
Symptoms can be broken up into three categories: Positive, negative, and cognitive. A positive symptom is where the individual loses touch with reality. Positive symptom included hallucinations, where the individual can hear voices that others cannot, delusions, beliefs that are
not logical or true, thought disorder, disorganized thinking which does not make sense to others, and finally movement disorder, where the individual does not move or repeats a motion over and over for a period of time. Negative symptoms are harder to recognize because everyone experiences them and is often seen as a sign of laziness. These included the “flat affect,” which an individual is monotonous and their face doesn’t move, lack of pleasure in daily activities, inability to begin and continue an activity, and they are also very quiet and being too with draw. Finally we come to the Cognitive symptoms. Cognitive symptoms are also very hard to detect, and also are usually only found when other test are run. These can include inability to focus
or pay attention, a problem with their memory, and also not being able to understand fully and makes decisions (Insel, 2009).
There are four phases or stages of Schizophrenia. The first is called the Prodromal phase. This usually starts in the teenager period of one’s life. Here negative symptoms are very vague, and often missed due to the fact that these symptoms can be related to other factors of life and also can also be symptoms of depression or anxiety. When the positive symptoms start appearing and can’t tell reality from their disease, this is when the individual has reached the Active phase. The hallucinations, delusion, thought and movement disorders can come on quickly or slowly. At
SCHIZOPHRENIA EARLY DETECTION
first family members and friends may not recognize these and may go on for days, months or even years before someone notices. When the individual is being treated, their positive
symptoms improve so they can live a more normal life, this is called the Remission phase. If the individual falls back into the Active phase, it is also known as the relapse phase. It is not uncommon for an individual to relapse multiple times before they being to learn to stabilized and learn methods to avoid relapsing (Insel, 2009).
Why early detection is important
Early detection is becoming more of an accepted goal to help those affected by Schizophrenia (Shioiri, Shinada, Kuwabara, & Someya, 2007; Riecher-Rossler et al., 2006). Early detection is important for the fact that the earlier we catch the onset of this disease; we can reduce the amount of treatment that an individual will need, but also reduce the amount of relapses and the severity of each relapse (Yeo, Berzins, & Addington, 2007). Also with Schizophrenia, we see many individuals that show a lack of fulfillment of social roles and begin pulling away from friends and family members, getting lower grades, and needed more help with everyday...