Short Term Memory Essay

314 words - 2 pages

The Short-term Memory is known as the memory system in which information is held for brief periods of time while being used. We also can say that it is the information we are currently aware of or thinking about.

This memory system goes through the process of selective attention, which is the ability to focus on one stimulus from among all sensory input.

Is known that some memory theorists use the term working memory as a synonym ...view middle of the document...

In the other hand we have that Working Memory is though as an active system that processes the information present in short-term memory.

Digit Span Test is a memory test in which a series of number are shown to subjects, who are then asked to recall the numbers in order. I am going to show you a video where we can see how the digit span test works.

Chunking is known as the process of recoding or reorganizing the information,
Which is one way to held more information in short-term memory, by combining this information into meaningful units or chunks. Lets say we have a sequence of 10 numbers, one way to chunk is seeing this sequence as a phone number, so instead of having 10 separate bits, there would be only three chunks.

Maintenance Rehearsal is one way of remembering information by repeating it over and over in order to maintain it in the short-term memory.

The duration of the Short- Term Memory lasts about 12s to 30s without rehearsal and it is susceptible to interference. For example, when you get interrupted, and have the necessity of start over because you forget what were you saying.

DIGIT SPAN
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8zEwTv12G4

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