This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Short Term Memory Essay

2442 words - 10 pages

Short-term Memory

Short Term Memory
Part 1: Early studies suggested that a cognitive task is correlated with working memory because (and only when) the processing portion of both tasks is similar. Review the evidence for and against this assumption
The working memory describes a comprehensive system that is tasked with holding and processing incoming and already warehoused information (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). The importance of the working memory in cognition, conception, edification, and memory update cannot be ignored (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). Additionally, the working memory is responsible for the manipulation of both visual and verbal information ...view middle of the document...

The working memory also has the inherent ability to form a relation between different types of information from the cognitive parts (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980).
Opponents to this assertion, however, stipulate that developing a correlation between the working memory and cognitive parts is very challenging (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). For instance, in the case of an inefficient reader processes, the extra information stored and maintained by the working memory may be significantly reduced. Moreover, the customary measures of short-term memory have no correlation with an individual’s ability to read (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). Other scholars argue that the working memory acts as a mortal dispensation system rather than a viable storage barrier further dismissing any correlation with the cognitive parts. Given the limited capacity of the working memory, an individual may lose information through dislodgment or even degeneration. The ability to store information depends on the ability of the individual reader to store and maintain information with no particular correlation with the cognitive parts (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980).
The multifaceted span that is used in measuring the working memory (WM) is used in predicting arithmetic and reading conceptions (Turner, & Engle, 1989). For example, a relatively good reader is purported to have an expanded capacity of the working memory. Correspondingly, when an individual is performing tasks that do not involve reading the WM is reduced considerably (Turner, & Engle, 1989). Turner, & Engle (1989) further assert that an individual working memory capacity is not task independent given its specific aptitude to mentally create functional relationships between various elements, or to establish a correlation from the specified information (Turner, & Engle, 1989). This is also evident by our inability to comprehend various numerical relations between inferences (Turner, & Engle, 1989). The limited capacity of the working memory further explains why instituting a feasible correlation with the cognitive parts is challenging (Turner, & Engle, 1989). Based on these discussions, it is apparent that the correlation existing between working storage capacity and an individual’s ability to articulately comprehend situations is a reality (Turner, & Engle, 1989). Being in a position to read and comprehend better is a not a direct implication or guarantee of possessing better storage possibilities (Turner, & Engle, 1989). Efficiency in reading is directly correlated to the working memory capacity a fact attributed to the individual proficiency in compression.
Part 2: Others suggested that working memory itself reflects a core capability necessary for higher-order cognitive tasks. Review two of these papers and try to shortly sketch a model on the decisive role of working memory capacity in higher-order cognitive tasks based on this literature
The working memory capacity (WMC) refers to a typical...

Other Papers Like Short-Term Memory

Unit 9 Cognitive Psych Essay

1298 words - 6 pages quickly the memory can be recalled. “Recall effectively returns a memory from long-term storage to short-term memory, where it can be accessed, in a kind of mirror image of the encoding process. It is then re-stored back in long-term memory, thus re-consolidating and strengthening it” (Mastin, 2010). Since Linda’s cognitive abilities are impaired due to her substance use, she is experiencing Absent-mindedness, Misattribution and Transience

Integration Of Working Memory Training Essay

3112 words - 13 pages (Alloway et al., 2008). These two assessments have no constraints and can be used for a large population of children. More specifically, certain assessments can be used for certain populations or disorders. A phonological short - term memory assessment can be used with children presenting with vocabulary and literacy (decoding or spelling) problems (Boudreau & Costanza-Smith, 2011). This type of assessment uses non-word repetition tasks

The Man Without A Memory Paper

1379 words - 6 pages create a new structure. Evaluation is making judgments about the value of material learned or ideas learned Memory is the storing, learning, and understanding. In psychology memory is short term storing, or recognition. Recall memory involves a memory of fact, processing of storage details retained, retrieved, and encoded information that is important to the learning process. Short term learning considers thinking consciously about certain details


1174 words - 5 pages memory strategies.”(Berk, 2013, p.316) - 1. Cognitive Self-Regulation "Process of continually monitoring and controlling progress toward a goal-planning, checking outcomes, and redirecting unsuccessful efforts."(Berk, 2013, p. 304). Develops gradually with age Teachers and parents are important factors in actively encouraging children's self-regulation - Involves the process of keeping information in the long or short term memory and

Multi Store Model

594 words - 3 pages Outline and evaluate the Multi Store Model (12 marks) Atkinson and Shiffrin’s (1968) multi-store model of memory (MSM) shows the distinction between the separate unitary stores of sensory, short-term (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) and two processes (attention and rehearsal). All information passes through the system in a linear fashion. External stimuli/ information first enter the sensory store directly from our five senses. It remains in

Brain Rules

2508 words - 11 pages from Kindergarten that I recall because of the impact on my emotion as well as others around me. I did not remember learning phonics or math, but the interesting and impacting events continue to alter my memory of Kindergarten forever. -Chapter 5: The fifth brain rule that John Medina explains deals with the short-term memory of the brain. Every brain has a process by which stimuli is recognized from the environment and goes through a process

Nt1210T Unit 1 Assignment 1

352 words - 2 pages Chapter Review Activities for Chapter 1 1. C. Represents one Binary digit. 2. D. Kilobyte. 3. C. 64 bits per quadruple word. 4. A. Used for short-term memory E. Is installed onto the motherboard. 5. A. The CPU tells the RAM which address holds the data that the CPU wants to read. 6. C. Character Set. 7. D. The Binary equivalent of Decimal 123456789. 8. A. An actuator arm. 9. B. Provides a convenient way to name a set

Living In The Moment

1561 words - 7 pages events from reaching his long-term memory. As a result his only memories are those he possessed prior to his amnesia, and the small window of moments immediately preceding the present. The amnesia frequently depicted in fiction is a very rare retrograde variety known as dissociative fugue, where one’s identity and all memories prior to the pivotal event are compromised. In contrast, anterograde amnesia does not deprive the sufferer of their

Research On Animal Tendency To Suicide

1689 words - 7 pages ? Chapter 9: Sensory and Working Memory 1. Discuss the role of bottom-up and top-down processes in assigning a sensory code. 2. What evidence suggests that memory involves separate short- and long-term stores? Why have some theorists suggested that the short-term store is best viewed as the items in the long-term store that are currently active? 3. According to Baddeley and Hitch (1974), what the three main components of working memory? What

Bipolar Disorder

1600 words - 7 pages memory, short-term and long-term. Some studies show that people with bipolar disorder could have a problem with their memory. Their short and long-term memory could affect the speed of processing information, and mental flexibility. Medications used for bipolar disorder could be responsible for some of these abnormalities, although some evidence suggests that such traits may have a biologic basis (LifecycleJourneys, 2008). The medical community

Alzheimer's Disease

946 words - 4 pages insane asylums. There are many symptoms follow a set course of decline. There are a wide spectrum of demented actions every person will exhibit every symptom is a downhill regression follow a general pattern of mental regression and physical decline. People with the Alzheimer’s disease the earlier symptoms are recognized the greater chances are to slow and prevent the progression of dementia. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are short-term memory

Related Essays

Short Term Memory Essay

314 words - 2 pages The Short-term Memory is known as the memory system in which information is held for brief periods of time while being used. We also can say that it is the information we are currently aware of or thinking about. This memory system goes through the process of selective attention, which is the ability to focus on one stimulus from among all sensory input. Is known that some memory theorists use the term working memory as a synonym of

Memory Essay

301 words - 2 pages Memory is basically divided in to three stages. Immediate or sensory memory, short term, and long term memory. We use immediate or sensory memory to look and get our license plate number off of the car to fill out a form at the DMV. After we have done that do we remember the license plate number? Not likely, we don’t need to remember that particular number for anything other than a DMV related reason. Short term memory we tend to use when we

In Business Environment, Why Should People Be Moral As Individuals

856 words - 4 pages Velma Owens Psychology Individual Project Unit 4 Our memory capability is basically divided into three major parts according to a model that was developed in 1968 by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin. The three main parts of our memory is sensory, short-term, and long-term memory. Sensory memory is the main storage area for our memory bank. It is the brief processing center that gets all the reading from our five

Outline And Evalute The Working Memory Model (12)

802 words - 4 pages Outline and evaluate the working memory model. The working memory model was proposed in 1974 by Baddeley and Hitch, who felt that Atkinson and Schifrin’s multi store model, was too simplistic, therefore the working memory model acted as an alternative, unlike the multi store model the working memory model presents short term memory stores because it focuses on the short term memory. The term working memory is used by Baddeley and Hitch to