CJA/324- Ethics In Criminal Justice
Instructor: Ricky Thompson
Sir Robert Peel: Community Policing
Sir Robert Peel and Community Policing
In 1829, Sir Robert Peel created the Metropolitan Police and according to Peel, the real key for policing is the police are the people and the people are the police. Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. Community policing is based on Peel's concept of prevention. Community policing has been embraced by many law enforcement organizations across our country. Community policing is based on its goal to prevent ...view middle of the document...
Sir Robert Peel's principles and Community Policing go hand in hand and share the same concepts and goals in policing. One of the distinct similarities between Peel's approach and Community Policing is that prevention of crimes is the number one priority. Community policing has many underlying principles. It bases the theory that crime prevention is the responsibility of the total community and that police and the community share ownership, responsibility, and accountability for the prevention of crime.
When police work with the community and focus on their concerns relating to crime, they form an effective relationship when dealing with crime. It is necessary for the police to respect all different types of cultures that make up the community in order to gain the respect from those individuals that make up the neighborhoods they are working in. Mutual trust between the police and the community is essential for effective policing. Community policing requires a large investment in training with special attention to problem analysis and problem solving, facilitation, community organization; communication, mediation and conflict resolution, resource identification and use, networking and linkages, and cross-cultural competency.
The only way to combat and control crime is through a cooperative effort between the police and the community. While some may say it has been a long time coming, reality is that over the span of less than 15 years, the United States has gone from seeing community policing as an obscure approach to having the President and Congress allocate billions of dollars to support its development. It is still a relatively new concept to this generation, while its roots reach far back into the history of man when communities were small, held similar beliefs and understandings and were practicing the concept of community policing, even if they didn’t call it that. In our more complex society where there are ethnic differences, religious differences, racial differences and lifestyle differences all within a few blocks of each other, community policing is much more challenging as conflict is more likely.
What is community policing? Wherever you find definitions for this term, there are some differences, but the underlying theme is the same collaboration between the police and the community to identify and solve crime related community problems. “Community policing is a policy and a strategy aimed at achieving more effective and efficient crime control, reduced fear of crime, improved quality of life, improved police services and police legitimacy, through a proactive reliance on community resources that seeks to change crime causing conditions. This assumes a need for greater accountability of police, greater public share in decision making, and greater concern for civil rights and liberties (Freidman, 1996).”
In 1979, Herman Goldstein developed and advanced the idea of problem oriented policing or POP. It encouraged police to...