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Sociology Essay

1721 words - 7 pages

Jonquelia Semies
Assignment 2

Chapter 5
1. What is the definition of a secondary group?
a) Incorrect. A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships
b) Correct. A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal and activity
c) Incorrect. Two or more people who identify with and interact with one another describes a social group
d) Incorrect. A social group whose members have interests , social position , and age in common
2. Which leadership role focuses on the group’s well-being? Democratic and
a) Incorrect .Laisezz-faire Leadership allows the group to function more or ...view middle of the document...

Stanley Milgram was a student of Solomon Asch who conducted a study that of how punishment affect learning
5. Which are the following is one of the several ways in today’s organization differ from those of a century ago?
a) Incorrect. Efficiency is of the McDonaldization of society. Today, one of the company’s most popular menu items is the Egg McMuffin, an entire breakfast in a single sandwich.
b) Incorrect. Uniformity –The first McDonald’s operating manual set the weight of a regular raw hamburger at 1.6 oz.
c) Incorrect. Control – The most unreliable element in the McDonald’s system is the human beings who work there.

d) Correct. Greater Flexibility – The typical industrial was a rigid structure guided form the top. Such organization may accomplish a large amount of work , but they are not especially creative or able to respond quickly to changes in the larger environment
6. What is an organization that is organized to achieve their goals?
a) Incorrect. Utilitarian Organization pay people for their efforts
b) Incorrect .Normative Organization have goals people consider worthwhile
c) Incorrect Coercive Organization are organizations people are forced to join
d) Correct. Formal Organization is organized to achieve their goals.
7. What is a valuable type of social capital in a network?
a) Incorrect. Little common identity defines a network
b) Correct. Being well connected is a valuable type of social capital
c) Incorrect. Limited interaction – This links people in a network
d) Incorrect .More extension involves that in a social media
Chapter 6
1. What refers to the biological distinction between males and females”?
a) Puberty the period during which adolescents reach sexual maturity and become capable of reproduction.
b) Incorrect. Primary characteristics are the genitals, organs, used for reproduction
c) Secondary Characteristics is the bodily development , apart from the genitals, that distinguishing biologically mature males and females
d) Correct. Sex is the biological distinction between males and females
2. What is the name for people whose bodies have both male and female characteristics?
a) Bisexuals are people who are sexually attracted to both men and women
b) Correct .Intersexuals are people whose bodies have both male and female
c) Homosexuals are people who are sexually attracted to people of one's own sex.
d) Incorrect. Transsexuals are people who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other
3. What is the discomfort over close personal interaction with people thought to be gay, lesbian or bisexual?
a) Social Phobia is a fear that a person finds being in social situations difficult and sometimes unbearable. Going to parties, weddings, functions, or exhibitions cause sufferers anxiety; there is fear of being embarrassed or humiliated in...

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