Sociology And Its Perspectives Essay

1155 words - 5 pages

Sociology 101
Exam 1
Take home

A.
Functionalist perspective emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability. Functionalists believe that everything and everyone have a place and purpose in society. If an aspect of social life does not contribute to a society’s survival, the aspect will not be passed from one generation to the next. Sometimes the function may be considered manifest (obvious) and other times it may be considered latent, or less obvious. A manifest function of prison is to protect society from dangerous individuals. A latent function of prison would be to provide jobs to people in rural areas, who otherwise might be unemployed. ...view middle of the document...

Interactionism is a social framework in which human beings are viewed as living in a world of meaningful objects. These symbols share social meanings that are understood by all members of a society. For example, Every time we speak to someone, look at them, or even think to ourselves, we are dealing with symbolic interaction. You reading this right now is symbolic interaction. My letters are my symbols that I write, and you interpret them. By writing them, I expect you to get a certain meaning from them. To give you this certain meaning, I select my words for the way I believe you will interpret them.
Macrosociology is the social investigation that concentrates on large scale phenomena or entire civilizations. On the other hand, microsociology refers to sociological investigation that stresses the study of small groups.
B.
The scientific method is a systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem. The process of scientific method consists of:
1. Defining the problem, the first step in any research project is to state as clearly as possible what you hope to investigate.
2. Reviewing the literature, by reviewing the literature researches refine the problem under study, clarify possible techniques to be used in collecting data, and eliminate or reduce avoidable mistakes.
3. Formulating the hypothesis, after reviewing earlier research and drawing on the contributions of sociological theorists, the researchers may then formulate the hypothesis. The hypothesis is a speculative statement between two or more factors known as variables.
4. Designing the research. To determine if a hypothesis is supported or refuted, researchers need to test their hypothesis with one of the research designs. A research design is a detailed plan or method used to obtain date scientifically.
5. Developing a conclusion. Scientific studies do not aim to answer all the questions that can be raised about a particular subject. Therefore, the conclusion of a research study represents both and end and a beginning. Although it terminates a specific phase of the investigation, it should also generate ideas for future study.
C.
The term Ethnocentrism refers to the tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others.
Cultural relativism means viewing people’s behavior from the perspective of their own culture.
Miner’s illustrates these two terms in his discussion of the Nacirema by changing American culture to a remote tribe which gives us a feeling of ethnocentrism when reading it the first time, since every ritual is criticize and compared to our own media...

Other Papers Like Sociology And Its Perspectives

Reading Analysis

407 words - 2 pages Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender have brought the attention of gender identity roles of a man and a woman in the family and how they can be corrected. In Nancy Chodorow’s book The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender, she recognizes that the gender identity roles implied that the women were the primary caretaker of the family while males were the breadwinners. Nancy wanted to prove that this was

Four Perspectives Essay

665 words - 3 pages Principles of Sociology // SOCI10143_SPR08 Portfolio Assignment April 11, 2008 The Four Perspectives There are four perspectives in the field of sociology. These four perspectives are symbolic interactionism, functionalism, conflict theory, and feminist theory. When evaluating a social problem, sociologists will typically use the theory which best relates to the problem. However, some sociologists may never favor a certain theory

Emile Durkheim

1798 words - 8 pages Method, a public declaration of principles and intentions telling what sociology was and how it should be accomplished. He also founded the first European Department of Sociology at the University of Bordeaux. In 1897 he published a case study on suicide and its connection with society. He worked with different groups of people and found the different rates of suicide found in these groups. And finally in 1898, he founded the journal, L'Année

Scsc

1362 words - 6 pages the theoretical underpinnings of research on the management of knowledge and work in organizations. It reviews the major theoretical perspectives, but places a particular emphasis on the current empirical literature related to Human Resource Management. Because of the multi-disciplinary nature of this research space, readings draw on a broad range of material including studies from sociology, organization theory, strategy, economics, and policy

Brand Theory

267 words - 2 pages When talking brands most of people think of Apple, Louis Vuitton, Coca Cola, Mercedes-bens, and so on. Therefore brands have become a major player in modern society. In fact they are everywhere. They penetrate all spheres of our life: economic, social, culture, sporting, societies, they can and should be analyzed through a number of perspectives: macroeconomics, microeconomics, sociology, psychology, anthropology, history, semiotics, philosophy

Sociology

8596 words - 35 pages affect political outcomes regularly and substantially” (Higley, 2008: 3). Social class and elites are linked. Scholars have shown that one of the main aspects in the conformation of elites is given by social class patterns (Moore, 1966; Huckfeldt and Kohfeld, 1989; Lane, 2007). The most influential perspectives in sociological research historically have been provided from Marxism and Functionalism (Wright, 2005). Max Weber’s sociology developed a

Alienation

1640 words - 7 pages in the structure of industrial capitalism”. This shows that capitalism is the significant cause of alienation in Marx’s theory. Moreover, Marxist perspectives comment that the capitalist industry is dehumanized. Not only workers, the employers also suffer alienation and are dehumanized by their role. Marx takes this view further by stating that there are four types of alienation caused by capitalism. The first type is product alienation, which

Research Methods

910 words - 4 pages Social Psychology is branch of psychology which has long history and its relatively young in the field of science community. Social psychology is somewhat misunderstood because of the fact that some believe it overlaps with clinical and sociology due to personal development and mental well being of individual. It can be said that social psychology has different branches and field for

Racial Discrimination

617 words - 3 pages Pager and Hana Shepherd, 2008). Recruitment is always based on the colour of individual and at certain times black people are always exposed to some sorts of discrimination while performing their tasks in the work place. The racial behaviour may include; harassments, exclusion and labeling (sociology of discrimination, 2008). In addition, some people may be denied the opportunity to access certain residential places that are only preserved for

Personal Worldview Inventory

1724 words - 7 pages the person experiences emotions such as: love; joy; peace; kindness; goodness; faithfulness; gentleness and self-control (Galatians 5: 22-23). The importance of spirituality is that it shows people that there is more out there than our life on earth. Sociological Perspectives The spiritual and religious world has changed in recent years. Fewer people go to church and more consider themselves to be spiritual rather than religious (Lorimer, 2014

Is Nursing A Profession Or An Occupation?

255 words - 2 pages human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.” (ANA, 2004, p. 4) Nursing is a science, in that it is based on knowledge and principles which are classified and verified. Applied science is a science put into concrete practice. Nursing is the application of many sciences: dietetics, hygiene, pedagogy, sociology, bacteriology, etc. Nursing is a profession, for it is based on a body of

Related Essays

Journalist Essay

835 words - 4 pages person to combine in his or her own way their identity with participation in the techno-economic world.  Sociology is the scientific study of human social behaviour and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigations and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity. Sociology is a discipline that enables us to understand the

Sociology Essay

257 words - 2 pages Sociology is the scientific study of human society[1] and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.[2] It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation[3] and critical analysis[4] to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity. For many sociologists the goal is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the

Sociology Anthrapology Essay

1074 words - 5 pages the basis of its investigation. It not only studies, the physical characteristics of the human race but also studies the influence itself. On the other hand, sociology takes note of the influence of the human race exerts on social relations, and it deals with people and their culture in the present context. Nor is it all. It focuses the attention of sociologists on some of the particular aspects of society. Thus it is quite obvious that the subject

Shah Essay

707 words - 3 pages ) Shah Wali Ullah Sociological Theory a) August Comte b) Emile Durkheim c) Max Webber Research Methodology Scientific Method and its Application to Sociology Type of sociological research (descriptive, explanatory and experimental) Relationship between Theory and Research Different Methods of Sociological Research: Qualitative and quantitative methods. Research Design Selection of Problem Concepts of Literature Review Variables Hypothesis Plan of