General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Examination January 2011
Unit 2 Tuesday 18 January 2011
For this paper you must have: an AQA 12-page answer book.
1.30 pm to 3.30 pm
Time allowed 2 hours Instructions Use black ink or black ball-point pen. Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is SCLY2. This paper is divided into two sections. Choose one section and answer all questions from that section. Do not answer questions from more than one section. Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. Information ...view middle of the document...
Furthermore, the education system not only provides young people with the necessary training; it also selects and allocates them to their future work roles. However, while many sociologists agree that education plays a vital economic role in today’s society, they disagree about whether this is done on the basis of individuals’ abilities and efforts, and about who benefits as a result. 0 0 1 2 Explain what is meant by the term ‘cultural deprivation’. 5
Identify three educational policies that may have contributed to social class differences in achievement. (6 marks) Outline some of the ways in which factors outside the education system have resulted in improved educational achievement for girls. (12 marks) Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare young people for their future work roles. (20 marks)
3 Methods in Context This question requires you to apply your knowledge and understanding of sociological research methods to the study of this particular issue in education. Read Item B below and answer the question that follows. Item B Investigating the role of parents in pupils’ achievement Parents play a vital role in pupils’ achievement. There may be social class differences in parents’ income levels, cultural capital, educational qualifications, attitudes to school and how they socialise their children, for example into using different speech codes. Similarly, ethnic differences among parents, for example in family structure, discipline styles or home language, may affect pupils’ achievement. Questionnaires may be a good way of investigating the role of parents in pupils’ achievement. Pupils can be asked to distribute them to parents at no cost, giving wide coverage. Parents are accustomed to supplying information to the school on a regular basis and this will help to ensure a good response. However, the questions asked may be very personal and some parents may feel that they are being judged. Alternatively, unstructured interviews are useful for exploring sensitive subjects such as discipline or the support parents give, and they can also be used with teachers and pupils to learn more about parents’ involvement in the child’s education. However, there may be practical problems in gaining access to some parents. 0 5
Using material from Item B and elsewhere, assess the strengths and limitations of one of the following methods for investigating the role of parents in pupils’ achievement: EITHER OR questionnaires unstructured interviews. (20 marks)
Research Methods These questions permit you to draw examples from any areas of sociology with which you are familiar. 0 0 0 0 6 7 8 9 Explain what is meant by ‘primary’ data. (2 marks)
Suggest two disadvantages that sociologists might find when using structured interviews. (4 marks) Suggest one advantage and one disadvantage of using...