Student Number: 782793
Submission date: 05/05/2015
Assignment Topic: In South Africa, teenage pregnancy is on rise as a result of how these teenagers make sense of their sexuality.
In South African adolescent marks the transition from childhood to adulthood, which in some instances is filled with a period of opportunities, challenges, changes, skills, pressures and physical, cognitive and psychosocial development. Teenagers are faced with an immense amount of peer pressure, physiological and emotional changes, sexual experimentation that increases the risk of pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease. While many teenagers may engage in pre-marital sex some never become ...view middle of the document...
However some teenagers have a wonderful, affectionate family and are very confidante are merely looking for the few minutes of pleasure and avoid using protection. Several teenagers use the excuse that “sex feels better without a condom”, and this is where unwanted pregnancy is likely to occur.
Teenage sexuality must be viewed in terms of its positive potentialities, as appose to just the negative ones for example the possibilities of pregnancy. In the society that we live in, there is no accepted criteria for healthy adolescent sexuality, based on theory , research and observation, healthy sexuality is a gradual growth of self-identity, and acceptance of self as an individual ((Allen- Meares & Shapiro 1989). This includes a growing sense of personal and interpersonal competence as a sexual person. This is generally driven by understanding the psychobiology of both sexes, and of reproductive and family planning processes that are available.
The contribution of sexuality to the fulfilment of self, should be understood, which includes the capacity to derive sexual gratification through individual and interpersonal activities which in most instances are characterized by freedom of expression with clearly defined limits, which include the appropriate use of protection from unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.At a closer look teenage pregnancy is by definition indicative of unsafe sex, and should be understood in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although there has been a reported decline in fertility rates in teenagers, there are a number of high number unintended pregnancies amongst South Africa teenagers and this remains a concern.
Far too often, sexuality amongst teenagers is related with direct deviance to the “social norms in immediate communities, as appose to being looked at a healthy part of the natural course development of teenagers. During the stages of teenage- hood, most teenagers experience some pressures with regard to sex whether internal or externally driven, thus increasing the risk of falling pregnant during this period Kirby, 2002). In the same breath some teenagers are faced with far higher risks than their counterparts, based on the balance of risk and protective factors, and what is interesting that the number of risk factor is a the rise, and the number of protective factors is decreasing. This would in turn mean that the probability of teenagers engaging in unprotected sex is increasing and thus increasing the number of teenage pregnancies.
It is evident that there is no single solution resolving the issue of teenage pregnancy, given the multiple levels of influence on teenage sexual behaviour. What are required are comprehensive approaches within the home, the schooling system, in the community and health institutions. The “superficial” world of television, radio and magazines in which most teenagers live in, depict sexual activities as completely rewarding, with very little...