Chapter 2 begins with the description of The Tea Part’s efforts to limit government activity through the use of the constitution. Tea Party members believe that federally funded programs like social security and Medicaid are unconstitutional because they are not permitted by the Constitution. Opponents argued that the Constitution was created to a strong central government. The book gives us this example to illustrate a similar argument between the Federalist and the Antifederalist over the documents ratification as well as many other disputes. The book acknowledges how enduring the constitution has been due to the way it was written. It is extremely general in its language ...view middle of the document...
Shay’s rebellion was an example of the discontent many new Americans felt with their new government.
The framers of the Constitution held the same principles as the Articles of Confederation. The agreement was the rejection of monarchy, a republican democracy and limitations of government that would protect individual rights ad personal property. The most radical idea of the framer’s political philosophy and theory was the written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay titled The Federalist Papers. Federalist favored a strong national government and a system of separated powers. Antifederalists favored strong state governments and feared that a strong national government would be a threat to individual rights.
Complex ideas and interests caused delegates to focus on achievable solutions. The Great Compromise suggested establishing a Congress with two houses: a Senate with two Senators from each state and a House of Representatives with each state’s number of representatives being based on its population. Limiting Presidential power was also a concern so the one significant power the Executive was given was the power of the veto and the ability to grant reprieves and pardons. The Executive was also to be chosen by an electoral vote.
Another discrepancy to be settled was Congressional representation of slave states.
How slaves would be counted was an issue that settled through the 3/5 compromise in which slaves were counted as 3/5 person. Another was how to deal with runaway slaves form slave states to non slave states. Non slave states agreed to return runaway slaves and the southern states in return agreed to allow congress to regulate commerce and tax imports with a simple majority vote.
The ratification of the Constitution lasted nine months only nine states were needed to ratify the...