The following investigative document presents an overview of the textile industries in two emerging countries: Guatemala and India. The document analyses, compares and contrast the differences in the institutional structures of both countries and offers specific details and analysis of the textile industries for local and international businesses.
Republic of Guatemala is located in Central America bordered by Mexico to the North, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Belize to the North East Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. The country is mountainous with small desert and sand dune patches, having many hills filled with people, except for ...view middle of the document...
The Civil War forced many Guatemalans to start lives outside of their country. The majority of the Guatemalan Diaspora is located in the United States with estimates ranging from 480,665 to 1,489,426. The difficulty in getting accurate counts for Guatemalans abroad is because many of them are refugee claimants awaiting determination of their status.
Guatemala has a democratic and representative government conformed by the Executive Branch (President), Legislative Branch (Congress) and Judicial Branch (Supreme Court). Each citizen has the right to vote and is free to exercise such right. Álvaro Colom Argueta is the sixth Constitutional President of the Republic elected democratically in 2007. He is committed to the sustainable economic and social development of the country.
• The State allows the creation and operation of all the political organizations in Guatemala: political parties, civic committees, electoral committees, among others.
• Political Parties: Must have at least one affiliated form every 1,000 inhabitants.
• All Political parties must have: a National Assembly and a National Executive Committee.
Guatemala’s macroeconomic stability enabled a 0.6% economic growth at the end of 2009, positioning the country as one of the few countries with positive growth during a crisis. Guatemala has the largest economic market in Central America, with a US$38,139.00 millions GDP for 2009, representing 33% of the region’s total GDP. However, the country still faces many social problems, the distribution of income remains highly unequal with more than half of the population below the national poverty line.
The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 58.7%, followed by the agriculture sector at 22.1% (2006 est.). The industrial sector represents only 19.1% of GDP (2006 est.). Mines produce gold, silver, zinc, cobalt and nickel. The agricultural sector accounts for about one-fourth of GDP, two-fifths of exports, and half of the labor force. Organic coffee, sugar, textiles, fresh vegetables, and bananas are the country's main exports. Inflation was 5.7% in 2006.
The 1996 peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment, and since then Guatemala has pursued important reforms and macroeconomic stabilization. The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) entered into force in July 2006 inducing increased investment and diversification of exports, with the largest increases in ethanol and non-traditional agricultural exports. While CAFTA has helped improve the investment climate, concerns over security, the lack of skilled workers and poor infrastructure continue to hamper foreign direct investment.
The Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country with more than 1.2 billion people and the most populated...