This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Constancy Of The Internal Environment

1535 words - 7 pages

MODULE 1

By Alina Corina Nicorescu

Presented to

Name of your University

Contents
Introduction 3
The constancy of the Internal Environment 4
Biological functionality is multilevel 5
Bibliography 7

Introduction
Claude Bernard was a French Physiologist who was best known for his works and discoveries during his lifetime in the field of digestive processes, the liver and the regulation of the supply of the blood though the vasomotor nerves. The most renowned and important discovery of Bernard was related to use of the secretions of the pancreatic tissues to break down the molecules of fat into smaller particles so as to aid the digestion process and the other specific ...view middle of the document...

We will start analyzing the statement by understanding its formulation and then we will understand the need of this concept in the living organisms.

The constancy of the Internal Environment
The metabolic theory of the cell, proposed by Theodor Schwann was generally ignored by the French scientists. This theory laid emphasis over the importance of the “Nutritive medium bathing the cell”. Bernard views the application of this concept in the fundamental problem of physiology, the existence of the relationship between the cells and their corresponding environment. Claude Bernard was the first scientist who proposed that the complex animals operate in two environments, namely, the external environment in which the organisms are living and the internal environment where the cells are functioning. This was the basis of the well known theory proposed by Claude Bernard in the 19th century: “The constancy of the internal environment is the condition for a free and independent life” (Noble, 2008).
The concept of the constancy of the internal environment was contributed by Claude Bernard which was the first systematic analysis of the functioning of an organism. Bernard was an exceptional experimentalist. Claude Bernard addressed a problem in the 19th century in which he reported that the organic molecules had been created by the chemists. It was a major development for the people because they knew that there exist only three classes of compounds that are completely separated from each other, namely, vegetable, mineral and animal. In 1784, Lavoisier showed that all the compounds that are derived from the sources of vegetable and animal always contain carbon and hydrogen, and most of the times it also contains nitrogen and phosphorus. This work bridged the boundary of the vegetable–animal chemical. However, the boundary between the non-living and living remained intact.
In 1815, Berzelius proposed that the organic compounds were produced by laws that were different from that of the inorganic compounds, that a specific vital force is unable to operate outside the living systems. There were several other discoveries which concluded the life can reduce itself to physics and chemistry. Such type of challenge was faced by Claude Bernard.
Bernard answered precisely that the living organisms cannot be characterized by the vitalism or chemical reductions. He further reported that though the individual organic compounds are well defined in their properties, but they cannot be considered as active elements in physiological phenomena. They should only be considered as passive elements in the organism. The reason behind this statement was explained as, “The living organism does not really exist in the milieu ext´erieur but in the liquid milieu interior.... A complex organism should be looked upon as an assemblage of simple organisms.... That lives in the liquid milieu interior.”
Claude Bernard also believed that there is no distinction between the principles...

Other Papers Like The Constancy Of The Internal Environment

Impacts Of Human Behavior On The Environment

1213 words - 5 pages RUNNING HEAD: Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment 1 Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment Psy 460 Impacts of Human Behavior on the Environment 2 Environmental psychology is the study of the link between human behavior, the direct impact on the environment, and the psychology of humans. The physical or manmade environment such as

Managing The Environment Essay

483 words - 2 pages Managing the environment impacts our business we need to collaborate with different business and stay innovated to keep on going improvements. Starbucks wants to reduce the impact of how much waste is generated from day to day. The average person generates over 4 pounds of trash every day and about 1.5 tons of solid waste per year. (Do Something , 2016) We will be offering reusable cups with our signature logo. Cup sleeves will also be made of

The Business Environment

1032 words - 5 pages The Business Environment James D Perkins Dr. Marcus Crawford Business 100 January 27, 2012 Abstract Businesses are the main provider of jobs in a capitalist economy and the primary reason for economic growth. The definition of business is any activity that provides good and services in an effort to earn a profit. Businesses in the economy drive up the standard of living and overall quality of life for humans. These businesses produce

The Business Environment

2344 words - 10 pages continued to fund restoration of the gulf coast environment. (www.bp.com/subsection.do). Technology has helped broaden the small businesses reach throughout the globe and has made products available in customized forms know as mass customization. For example computers in mass are ordered on line via the internet from companies like Dell or Hp, custom built to fit each consumer’s personalized use and affordability and shipped from another place

Briefly Describe The Importance Of The Interaction Between The Respiratory And Cardiovascular Systems In Maintaining The Body’S Internal Balance

647 words - 3 pages Module 2 Assessment “Briefly describe the importance of the interaction between the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in maintaining the body’s internal balance” In answering this question we must first have an understanding of how the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system operate independently of each other. The cardiovascular system The cardiovascular system refers to the heart, blood vessels and the blood. Blood

Influences In The Teaching Environment

1105 words - 5 pages incorporate structure into the classroom. Classroom management means teaching students the procedures of the classroom. When students know the classroom procedures less time is wasted. Another negative condition that influences the teaching environment is poor communication between teacher and students. A teacher needs to effectively communicate information to her students. When poor communication exists students may become frustrated and not

Challenges In The Global Business Environment

1678 words - 7 pages CHALLENGES IN THE GLOBAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT NATOSHA WHITAKER Strayer University Professor Cito Vanegas August 29, 2015 CHALLENGES IN THE GLOBAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT There has been no change to Apple Code of Conduct policy since 2014 when Apple started taking previous audit scores into consideration and conduct detailed risk assessments with There has been no change to Apple Code of Conduct

Internal Divisions In The Civil Rights Movement In The 1960s Plan

593 words - 3 pages How far was the effectiveness of the civil rights movement in the 1960s limited by Internal divisions? Firstly mention the successes of the 1960s * Greensboro Sit-ins 1960, This protest was very effective; it successfully desegregated the Woolworths store by the end of 1960 and all of Woolworths by 1961. By the end of 1962, 700k people protested and 810 southern towns desegregated something which helped to start the erosion of the Jim Crow

Discuss Whether The Current International Regulatory Environment For The Auditing Profession Is Robust Enough To Ensure That The External Auditors Of Listed Companies Provide Reports To Owners And...

2816 words - 12 pages Discuss whether the current international regulatory environment for the auditing profession is robust enough to ensure that the external auditors of listed companies provide reports to owners and investors which are sufficiently independent to serve the public interest. Introduction As we will discover, the topic posed above is a complex one, which has many arguments both in favour and against the stability of the present regulatory

The Review Of The Goal

1230 words - 5 pages money, we can use three indicators to measure: 1. Throughput; 2. Inventory; 3. Operational expenses. The throughput is the money we received, the inventory is currently a backlog of money in the system, and the operating expense allows the throughput can occur which is the money we have to pay. An indicator used to measure received the money coming in, an indicator to measure the internal backlog of funds, another indicator to measure the money

The Paper Of The Year

1121 words - 5 pages Exclusive Bloodline Kennel Stud Service Contract This is to certify that the Female named: __________________________, Breed: ____________________, Registration: _________________, Color: _______________ Owned by: (Insert owner’s name, address, phone number) Has entered into a contract with Exclusive Bloodline Kennel of Pearland Texas on ____________ 20 ____ to be bred to, Name

Related Essays

Evaluation Of Internal Control Environment Essay

8902 words - 36 pages financial statements and its internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the Malaysian Standards on Auditing (MASA). Your audit team recently accepted the company as an audit client and as a staff auditor, your team have been asked to obtain some preliminary information about home appliances manufacturing industry to provide a basis for understanding of the client’s business environment. Background information about

The Importance Of Internal Communication Essay

990 words - 4 pages The Importance Of Internal Communication                    Workplacement Final Report        January 15th, 2011             The Importance O Of Interna al Comm municatio   on         Table of C Contents  I.  Exec cutive Sum mmary .................... .............................................. ................ ..........    3 II. Intro oduction

History Of The Environment Essay

2203 words - 9 pages What is the most significant set of theories that explain the evolutionary history of our natural world and ongoing environmental change? The origin of life and earth is still one of the greatest mysteries scientists have yet to solve. Modern day science and technology allow us to make theoretically correct assumptions about the past. According to research, it is evident that the earth’s environment and life have been evolving since the

Warming Of The Environment Essay

2287 words - 10 pages Warming of the Environment Joseph Nicholas Sr. Warming Of the Environment Wabash River Watershed The Wabash River drainage locale encloses and surrounds a number of huge cities. These include Indianapolis and the great western region of Fort Wayne. Other cities integrated in the region are Bloomington, Muncie, Lafayette, Anderson and Terre Haute. It is important to posit that this watershed also comprises majority of Indiana’s primary farm