“The Facebook Revolution”: Social Networking Sites and the correlation with The January 25 Revolution. 1
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Information and communication technology increasing with the growing variety of Internet based applications. This new media is not only "library information" to facilitate the dissemination of information to a universal audience, but even more than that. This media is also a powerful tool for communication activities.
Furthermore, with Web 2.0 technology, design and use of the Internet has changed much work to do with this new media that Levinson (2009) call this "new new media"- more new than the new media- which shows ...view middle of the document...
Users on average visit social networking sites 20 times in a month and spent four hours with it (Nguyen, 2010).
Boyd and Ellison, (2007) suggested that since their introduction, social networking sites such as Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube have engrossed millions of users, many of whom have included these websites into their daily life. There are hundreds of social networking sites, with various technological affordances, supporting a wide range of interests and practices. They believe that although the key technological features are equally reliable, the cultures that emerge around social networking sites are varied. According to their study, most sites support the maintenance of pre-existing social networks, but others help strangers connect based on shared interests, political views, or activities.
Hence, there is no doubt that social networking sites like Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube have unlocked a box of sovereignty for societies living in sealed cultures everywhere in this world.
For these reasons, this paper is to identify the role new media played during the "January 25 Revolution" and how new forms of communication, particularly social networking sites been utilized as a tools for underlining the regimes’ cruelties of their citizens, encouraging citizen journalism, shaping public opinion, and establishing and mobilizing community to fight authoritarianism.
1. PROBLEM STATEMENT
It seems possible that social media, particularly in the form of social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook, would increase the visibility of the revolution and thus change the perceived consequences for individual citizens of joining the revolutionaries. In addition, to decreasing the costs of information and coordination efforts, social networking sites are able to demonstrate that massive support for revolution exists.
This paper will look at the potential role played by social networking sites especially Facebook, Twitter and YouTube in the creation of a social force that can mobilize progressively to become a prolific device for social change.
2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE
1. The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of social media, particularly social networking sites especially Facebook, Twitter and YouTube by revolutionaries to organize protests and increase support for the "January 25 Revolution" in Egypt.
3. RATIONAL OF THE STUDY
1. This paper was written in order to see the success of social media to play a role in triggering January 25 Protest, causing the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
2. This paper also attempts to understand the source of the outbreak of "January 25 Revolution" which is claimed to be related to social media.
4. SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
Not only as a very useful lesson, this brief review is also concerning the relationship and the role of social media as a potential...