The Functionalist View On The Role Of Education

1302 words - 6 pages

* Assess functionalist views of the role of education (20 marks)
There are multiple views in society of the education system. The first view is functionalist – they believe that the education system is positive. The second view is Marxism – they believe that education in negative. The final perspective is feminism and they believe that again education is a negative thing.
Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that the education system is positive because it gives us a shared sense of belonging, he also believes that due to history in education we are all bonded together because we all share the same past. Moreover, he also said that education gives us social solidarity because we’re all ...view middle of the document...

However, some sociologist would argue that Durkheim is wrong because we all have different cultures and histories so therefore, history doesn’t bind us together because the education system is ethnocentric and also we’re not bonded together because we’re segregated by classes due to capitalism. Moreover, because of capitalism in society we do not have social solidarity. Additionally, some would say that the education system doesn’t give us a shared sense of belonging because working class children are forced into jobs in labour and middle class children are pushed into middle class jobs such as managerial roles in production. Moreover, some sociologists would say that Parsons is wrong because if education created a value consensus then we would not have any subcultures in society, however we do, which demonstrates the different norms and values in society. Sociologists such as Marxists would say that there isn’t a meritocracy – we live in capitalism and status is only ascribed as it can’t be achieved because there is no social mobility. Additionally, functionalist views on education completely ignores class, age, gender and ethnicity. Also, some sociologists would say it’s too optimistic. Moreover, other sociologist would say that role allocation is based on class not ability and if you’re middle class you will be in top sets. This shows us that functionalist views on education are not always realistic.
Although functionalists have a positive outlook on the role of education, other sociologists such as Marxists would disagree with functionalists because they have a negative view on the role of education. Marxists such as Althusier would say that the education system is ideological control which means that it controls us in a sub-conscience manner, he said that education does this by transmitting the idea that capitalism is fair. He also said that education has replaced the church because people used to see their future as God’s will but now education tells us our future. Althusier said that we’re all conditioned to accept and follow rules and the hierarchy and this prepares us for the workforce – this is social control and it’s natural to us. He also said that education creates social reproduction which means it mirrors the workforce. Other sociologist such as Bowles and Gintis came up with the correspondence theory and they said that there is a close resemblance between school and work because of the evident hierarchies for example, in work there is a boss and in school there is a principle. Bowles and Gintis also said that education reflects society because in both school and work we’re motivated by rewards and disciplined through rules and regulations. He also said the social inequality promotes a meritocracy because when people are suffering from social inequality they want to get to the top of the hierarchy and they can education is a negative thing because it promotes capitalism and social order. Moreover, sociologist such as Willis say...

Other Papers Like The Functionalist View On The Role Of Education

Role Of Education To Overcome The Problem Of Gender Discrimination In Pakistani Society

2064 words - 9 pages meet after a long time of interval to refresh their memories. Our research paper on tea culture in Pakistan is based on these three questions. • How tea and socialization relate to each other? • Is tea a social symbol? • What are the different events in which tea is served and why? Literature review Studies showed that presenting tea to guests and friends is a sign of hospitality which ultimately stronger the

The Role Of Accounting On Business And Our Society

1261 words - 6 pages The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society Angel Ramos Professor Darlene Green-Connor ACC 100: Accounting I March 2, 2014 The Role of Accounting on Business and Our Society There are many decisions that companies make every day in order to be in business as well as to ensure it continues to stay in business. If in retail, such examples would be to extend its inventory or cut back on an item, place certain product on sale or on

The Role Of Promotion

3034 words - 13 pages essentially a form of education and the progress of civilization depends on education'. 2. Advertising leads to large scale production creating more employment opportunities. 3. Advertising has made more popular and universal the uses of such inventions as the auto mobiles, radios, various household appliances. "Advertising nourishes the consuming power of man. Its creates wants for a better standing of living.. It spurs individual exertion and

The Role Of Corporations

1057 words - 5 pages The Role of Corporations SOC 120: Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility December 1, 2008 The Role of Corporations The recent financial crises on Wall Street command a need for higher ethical standard in business. The behavior displayed by corporate heads has caused society, as well as other business to doubt the ability of these corporations to do the right thing. Because of the day-to-day demand of organizational

Role Of Education In Society

693 words - 3 pages The role of education can be seen to provide pupils with the curriculum and hidden curriculum; teaching skills that will prepare them physically, mentally and socially for the world of work in later life. There are two main views on the role of education; the Marxist and Functionalists who take different approaches to this area. Interactionists have a view on this topic, but not an extremely controversial one, with large grounds for debate. As

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The View That The Main Function Of The Education System Is To Reproduce And Legitimise Social Inequalities. (20 Marks)

541 words - 3 pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the main function of the education system is to reproduce and legitimise social inequalities. (20 marks) The education system is one of the most influential institutions in our society, as it 'breeds' children knowledge and skills from a very young age (4-5) all the way to young adulthood (16-18), through set lessons or through the hidden curriculum. Education is said to supply a

Point Of View In The Golden Age

510 words - 3 pages This book was written in third person. Anam presents her novel in the third person point of view because she wants to give her readers an opportunity to connect with her characters. Also she saw it as a great way for her readers to understand the different ways that the characters think and reason with the other characters. Anam also thought of her writing and gave her self the chance to broaden the perspective on her story by using the third

Role Of The Internet & Crime

1226 words - 5 pages The Role of the Internet and Crime The Role of the Internet and Crime CIS 170 May 13, 2013 How the Internet has Aided Crime   The internet has aided criminal activity by communicating with each other without having to be near, as well as fraud and identity theft.   The rise of the Internet over the last decade has paralleled some of the greatest milestones in communications history. Along with such great strides in

The Role Of A Manager

685 words - 3 pages The role of a Manager Today The role of a Manager Today Times have dramatically changed. Gone are the days where employees fear hierarchy and the belief that the employee voice is not heard. The corporate structure has become much more refined within most companies so employees are much more empowered. “Once employees in the organization are empowered by management, shared values provide the only practical way to ensure that everyone

The Impact Of The Iom Report 2010 On Transforming Education, Practice And Leadership

1029 words - 5 pages THE FUTURE OF NURSING: LEADING CHANGE, ADVANCING HEALTH. The Impact of The IOM Report 2010 On Transforming Education, Practice and Leadership Allan Abraham Impact on Nursing of the 2010 Institute of Medicine (IOM) on the future of nursing. There are over three million nursing professional in United States and they make the largest segment of nation’s health care workforce. Nurses can play a vital role in helping to realize the objectives

The Banking Concept Of Education

1134 words - 5 pages educator’s role is to regulate the way the world “enters into” the students” (p 321). This goes back to the point that teachers in the banking system are just there to “fill” us up and we “receive” the world as a passive entity. These roles are how most of the education system is around the nation; the bank and the depositor. With my example I would say it’s very obvious about my thought on the banking system and how it relates to me. Students

Related Essays

The Role Of Education In Society

493 words - 2 pages . Althusser believes this is done through the hidden curriculum: ensuring that working class children are encouraged to perform working class, capitalists, jobs. Bowles and Gintis argue that education serves to reproduce directly the capitalist relations of production, the hierarchy of workers from the boss down,. Bowles and Gintis’s correspondence theory suggests that what goes on in school corresponds directly to the world of work. The higher

Assess The Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society As A Whole And As Its Individual Members

865 words - 4 pages Assess the Functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members? (18) Functionalists see religion in a positive light and as it is a key institution of society. This differs from the Marxist and Feminist view that religion is there to simply reinforce the oppression. For functionalists, society’s key need is for social solidarity and order enabling members to cooperate. Religion ensures that this is

The View Of College Students On Love

2055 words - 9 pages The View of College Students on Love Abstract Love has been the noticeable problem of college students in modern times. The sense of loneliness and freedom of living in different places lead the college students to fall in love in an earlier age. These years, with the invasion of western sexual liberalism, our sense of morality has been faced with big challenges. At the same time, free access to the Internet causes misunderstanding and

Assess The Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society As A Whole And Its Individual Members (18 Marks)

847 words - 4 pages and the collective worship will bind societies members closer together, for example, people in Muslim countries who are part of the faith of Islam, understand it is normal to stop and pray 5 times a day and also that no-one should work on Friday however people in Christian countries understand the day of rest to be Sunday. Functionalist therefore claim members of a society have a collective conscience, they think in the same way, due to their