The Future of Criminal Justice
University Of Phoenix
Foundations of Criminal Justice
April 19, 2010
The Future of Criminal Justice
Terrorism has never been in the States; only in third world countries. Since 9/11-2001 is has been a reality and ongoing nightmare and hit close to home. The attack on the World Trade Centers in New York was a wakeup call. United States has been on high alert ever since, waiting for the next possible Terrorists attack. This paper will explain why terrorism is a law enforcement concern as well as how terrorism is considered a crime. At last the paper will state some recommendations that the American Criminal Justice should ...view middle of the document...
In other words when acts of terrorism were committed against American communities law enforcement agencies used to consider them as crimes and not as a domestic terrorism (Fagin, 2005). Now, law enforcement agencies not only focus in its goals to maintain order and control crime, but also in attempting to catch terrorists and stop their attacks (Fagin, 2005)
Terrorism is definitely a law enforcement concern because it affects the protection of society. According to the views of society law enforcement agencies are dedicated to protecting society against harm from both foreign and domestic attacks (Schmalleger, 2009). Therefore in the event a terrorist attack takes place law enforcement agencies can be affected by the lack of protection provided by the law enforcement agencies to the citizens of the community. The reason terrorism is a concern to law enforcement is due to the violent acts that are committed by these organized groups as well as to maintain peace throughout the communities (Schmalleger, 2009). Terrorist attacks usually come in the form of arson, mail bombs, or car bombs (Schmalleger, 2009). Therefore in the event of a terrorist attack police officers will have an increase in services calls; that will in turn put a greater strain on the police officers (Schmalleger, 2009). Similarly community citizens are going to feel unprotected and not want to be around the streets due to the attacks and as a result law enforcement officers will have the need to change the citizen’s perception and gain their confidence as well as regain their trust. The third reason terrorism is a concern to law enforcement is that after a terrorist attack, police officers may start racial profiling in the community targeting certain people for the way they look regardless of their race or background (Schmalleger, 2009). According to Fagin, (2005), many people that participated in the September 11th attack were citizens that studied and lived in the United States. Therefore terrorism is a main concern within the department of law enforcement especially for police officers because they may be dealing with terrorists that are planning attacks to destroy the communities. Law enforcement officers need to be aware of the characteristics and the personalities of the terrorist(s) in order to combat terrorism in the U.S. (Fagin, 2005). Therefore the Law Enforcement officer’s role in combating terrorists is to be involved within the community and have the ability to recognize when something is out of place or does not belong in the community (Fagin, 2005).
How is terrorism a crime?
The term terrorism is used widely in present day especially in the United States. Terrorism is a double standard, the people who commit those terrorist acts, commit the acts out of beliefs and in their eyes ok. Terrorism can be described as the illegitimate use of force to achieve a political objective by targeting innocent people (Laqueur, 1987). To me the definition mention...