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The Roles Of Islamic Women Essay

2893 words - 12 pages

The Roles of Islamic Women

Shania P. Fennell
May 5, 2008
The Origins of Western Culture – HUM 101
Dr. DeChaby
Spring 2008

The position of women in Muslim society has altered drastically in the centuries

ever since Islam initiated in Arabia in the early 600s. Their place has fluctuated with

irregular social, economic, and political situations. Even though Islam considers men and

women as honorable equals in the eye of God, women have not had equivalent access to

several regions of Islamic existence. This research paper will discuss Islam, Early

Historical Background, Women in Islamic Society, Women in the Qur’an, Religious Life,

...view middle of the document...

The holy book, the Koran, encourages reliance in God,

endorsing justice for everyone, forgiving others, and being sympathetic, kindhearted,

bighearted, modest, and understanding. Muslims are also expected to take responsibility

for the well-being of all life, and to be courageous in following God’s law and in standing

up to injustice and tyranny. (“Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia,” 2005).

The family is the essential place where Islamic practices are passed on. Bringing

up children in the belief is very vital, and extended families are close. The notion

of kindness and concern for others is a essential Islamic belief, and all humans are

considered to be equivalent.

One billion people from a vast range of races, nationalities and cultures across the

globe - from the southern Philippines to Nigeria - are united by their common Islamic

faith. About 18% live in the Arab world; the world's largest Muslim community is in

Indonesia; substantial parts of Asia and most of Africa are Muslim, while significant

minorities are to be found in the Soviet Union, China, North and South America, and

Europe.

Early Historical Background

In the early 1900s, the governments of recently self-governing Muslim states for

instance Turkey took steps to revise the position of women. The Turkish government

implements a new family rule that dejected polgyny and gave women the choice to attain

divorces. Turkish women achieved the right to vote in civic and nationwide elections in

the 1930s. Iranian leader Reza Sha Pahlavi banned the practice of veiling. Overall, the

traditional of female isolation declined severely. During the 1950s, Egyptian women

entered political affairs and were elected to public office. Women also began to make

sophisticated academic degrees and to labor in professions in the past closed to them. In

most countries, on the other hand, new freedoms and opportunities in education and

employment helped only higher and middle classes in inner-city areas.

Women have taken part in a lively role in public life in Islamic societies since

the creation of Islam. All through Muhammad’s life, women prayed beside to men in the

mosque, supplied refuge to men, be the owner of and sold property, employ in

profitable dealings, pursued education, and labored as teachers. Under the premature

caliphs, women served as bureaucrats and legal specialists.

Turner, B (2003) articulated the Early Historical Background:

To evaluate the effect of Islam on the status of women, many writers have

discussed the status of women in pre-Islamic Arabia, and their findings

have been mixed. Some writers have argued that gender roles before Islam

were relatively egalitarian, drawings on disparate evidence ranging from

the marriage of Muhammad’s parents to the worship of female idols at

Mecca. Other writers,...

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