Researching your country
SUDAN or TURKEY
1. Insert a picture of the country’s flag:
a. Where is the country located?
i. What continent?
Anatolia (Western Asia), East Thrace (South-eastern Europe).
ii. Bordering countries?
Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Iraq and Syria.
iii. Landlocked? Seas?
Mediterranean Sea (South), Aegean Sea (West), Black Sea (North).
b. What is the climate like?
Temperate Mediterranean climate.
3. People and Culture
b. Ethnicities and predominant religion?
Turks (70-75%), Kurds (18%), Others (7-12%).
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b. Debt issues?
c. Membership of economic and trade organisations?
8. Natural resources
a. Basic commodities produced?
Textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.
b. Level of self-sufficiency?
a. Dependency on other nations?
b. Membership of any alliances?
c. Who is your country allied with? Give a brief explanation of the length and purpose of these alliances.
USA – economic, defence purposes.
10. Is the country a more developed country (MDC) or a less developed country (LDC)? How do you know?
More developed country, high Human Development Index, and high Gross Domestic Product.
B/ INTERNATIONAL POSITION
1. When did your country join the United Nations?
26 June 1945.
2. List three UN conventions that your country has ratified.
* International Convenant on Civil and Political Rights
* Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crime of Genocide
* Convention on the Rights of Child
3. List three UN conventions that your country has not ratified.
C/ BRINGING IT ALTOGETHER – A HISTORY
4. In around 300 words provide a overview of the history of your country in the past 50 years
Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, but entered the closing stages of the war on the side of the Allies on 23 February 1945. On 26 June 1945, Turkey became a charter member of the United Nations. Difficulties faced by Greece after the war in quelling a communist rebellion, along with demands by the Soviet Union for military bases in the Turkish Straits, prompted the United States to declare the Truman Doctrine in 1947. The doctrine enunciated American intentions to guarantee the security of Turkey and Greece, and resulted in large-scale U.S. military and economic support. Both countries were included in the Marshall Plan and OEEC for rebuilding European economies in 1948, and subsequently became founding members of the OECD in 1961.
After participating with the United Nations forces in the Korean War, Turkey joined NATO in 1952, becoming a bulwark against Soviet expansion into the Mediterranean. Following a decade of Cypriot intercommunal violence and the coup in Cyprus on 15 July 1974 staged by the EOKA B paramilitary organization, which overthrew President Makarios and installed the pro-Enosis (union with Greece) Nikos Sampson as dictator, Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July 1974. Nine years later the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by Turkey, was established
The single-party period ended in 1945. It was followed by a tumultuous transition to multiparty democracy over the next few decades, which was interrupted by military coups d'état in 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1997. In 1984, the PKK, a Kurdish separatist group, began an insurgency campaign against the Turkish government, which to date has claimed over 40,000 lives;...