This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Time Perspective Essay

2810 words - 12 pages

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2011, 39(6), 729-736 © Society for Personality Research DOI 10.2224/sbp.2011.39.6.729

TIME PERSPECTIVE AND LIFE SATISFACTION AMONG YOUNG ADULTS IN TAIWAN
YU-JING GAO Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC
Profiles of time perspective were explored using a person-oriented approach, and the relationship between balanced time perspective (BTP) and life satisfaction in young Taiwanese adults was examined. A cluster group was identified that fitted the configuration of BTP as proposed by Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004), that is, high past positive, high present hedonistic, and high future scores, combined with low past negative and low present ...view middle of the document...

Appreciation is due to reviewers including: Philip Zimbardo, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, Email: zim@stanford.edu Please address correspondence and reprint requests to: Yu-Jing Gao, Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University, 510, Chung Cheng Rd., Hsinchung District, New Taipei City, 24205, Taiwan, ROC. Email: yujinggao0605@gmail.com

729

730

TIME PERSPECTIVE AND LIFE SATISFACTION

Guarino, De Pascalis, & Zimbardo, 2003). The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), developed by Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), is a standardized instrument used to measure multidimensions of TP, that is, past positive (PP), past negative (PN), present hedonistic (PH), present fatalistic (PF), and future (F). This scale was also validated by Tu (2004) with a sample of Taiwanese young adults. TP has been shown to influence behaviors such as substance abuse (Keough, Zimbardo, & Boyd, 1999), procrastination (Tu, 2004), and smoking cessation (Adams, 2009). Its correlation with other psychological constructs such as depression, anxiety, self-esteem, happiness, and well-being has also been explored (Boniwell et al., 2010; Drake, Duncan, Sutherland, Abernethy, & Henry, 2008; Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). Zimbardo and Boyd (1999) found that individuals who have a balanced time perspective (BTP) can switch flexibly to an appropriate temporal orientation depending on various situational and task conditions, and thus can function more effectively. Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004) also found that individuals who have a BTP are happier than those who have not. Working with a Scottish sample, Drake et al. (2008) demonstrated a significant difference in subjective happiness and mindfulness, between participants with a BTP profile and those with other TP profiles. Boniwell et al. (2010) used a cluster analysis, instead of the cutoff point method used by Drake et al., with British and Russian samples to identify groups of participants with similar TP profiles. They demonstrated that British participants with a BTP profile had more positive emotion, self-actualization, and satisfaction with life, and found that the Russian participants had more satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, self-efficacy, and optimism and found life more meaningful. However, there has been little empirical research focused on BTP and its correlation with other psychological constructs carried out in Asian societies. METHOD PARTICIPANTS Participants were 420 young adults from five universities in northern Taiwan (278 females and 142 males, mean age = 20.51, age range from 18 to 40). Of the participants, 72.6% had no religious affiliation (n = 305) and 27.4% were affiliated to a religion (n = 114). MEASURES The 20-item ZTPI–Chinese version (Tu, 2004) was used to assess TP. In this version, each of the five dimensions is measured by four items with the highest factor loadings from the original ZTP (Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). Tu reported

TIME PERSPECTIVE AND LIFE SATISFACTION

731
...

Other Papers Like Time Perspective

Method Of Motivation Essay

363 words - 2 pages they have a regular communication pattern it will stop the fitting team from being booked for two shifts at the same time the management team will be able to book the jobs according to the working times of each team. Pragmatic perspective focuses on how action and interdependence lead to outcomes with benefits to those involved, good communication is represented in action (Naylor, 2004). Taylor’s study of the ironworker’s yard he observed

How Does Knowledge Of The Foundations And History Of Nursing Provide A Context In Which To Understand Current Practice? Identify At Least Three Trends In Nursing Practice Demonstrated By The...

323 words - 2 pages How does knowledge of the foundations and history of nursing provide a context in which to understand current practice? Identify at least three trends in nursing practice demonstrated by the interactive timeline. How have these trends influenced your perspective of nursing practice? To understand the current practice of nursing, one must understand its history. Nursing is an art. One must have a passion for it. To be a nurse, one has to

Lecture Response

302 words - 2 pages In the first class, the discussion in which we defined war to be the violent declaration of conflict between two actors (state/non-state) made me think perhaps for the first time about the odd concept of what I consider to be acts of war or terrorism. Professor Cavarero’s lecture brought to my attention yet again the issue of what political philosophy and colloquial usage has come to define war/terrorism. It is undoubtedly true that over the

Music

713 words - 3 pages motivations. How do you see yourself * Behavioral perspective- human behavior * Humanistic perspective- Carl Rogers, look at everything positive * Cognitive perspective- memories of all kinds * Cross-cultural perspectives- studying the different ways of different cultures. Different rules for different cultures. * Evolutionary perspective- how are behaviors adaptable and functional. Changes as time goes on. * Positive psych

Women In Ministry

1375 words - 6 pages . When each contributor gives their argument to the side they take, the other contributors provide a response. Egalitarian Perspective Linda Belleville and Craig S. Keener are the two contributors who take the stance on the egalitarian perspective. They both agree that women should not be denied the liberty to operate in certain gifts. Belleville begins by asking numerous questions that many churches have struggles with in the last fifty

Essat

283 words - 2 pages no time”, and “live your life to the fullest”. Despite the optimistic view, Ketteler also shows a more serious side to the poem that talks about death and decay, very much like “cycle of life.” She talks about the blend of idea of Christianity and Paganism ritual. Ketteler mentioned that life is paradoxical and full of dilemmas, that one thing connects/leads to another. Overall, there is no one perspective of the poem, whether is encouraging

Green Mountain Case Study

824 words - 4 pages perspective and he was able to build on this notion. He became a mentor within the resort because he focused on the reputation that the resort had built for putting out some of the most skilled and qualified workers. Gunter embraced his gift for putting out quality employees and accepted the fact that his workers were qualified enough to attract the likeness of others. -The Hospitality Literature? The hospitality literature is seen as the

Dynamic Jewelry

481 words - 2 pages keep itself waiting, allowing to realize perspective ideas. But it is not possible without the timely support and the assistance to the perspective talented people. That is why it is very important to find and give support to such people in time, in order to help them in revealing the potential as widely and fully as possible, so as to be able to attain a better life and have an opportunity to create masterpieces. Here are just some of Park West

Warehouse Kpis By Segment (Sharing)

1027 words - 5 pages Inbound Timing Inventory Accuracy SCC Operation Metrics Damage/Hold Metrics/KPIs from the 3PL perspective What is an effective Metrics Program for the 3PL Operation? Relevant / Measurable / Focused / Timely Consistent across long time period Consistent across multiple “like” operations – drives competition Develops desired behaviors – no cheating to make numbers How does a good Metrics Program add value? Improves

Churchill Was Wrong And Misguided To Support Edward Viii In The Way That He Did. How Far Do These Sources Support This Interpretation?

607 words - 3 pages that the views that are supplied in Sources B and C are the both Source A and B are written in the correct time periods. This means that the facts written are most likely to be more reliable because the writer will have more idea on the subject. If somebody had written the source 20 years later then we would need to question it because they might have misinformed information that could change the perspective of people. You must also look at who

Assignment Of Balance Scprecard

5209 words - 21 pages back from financial perspective to customer and process perspectives.As balance scorecard is a conceptual framework for translating organization vision into a set of performance measures which are financial,customer,learning and growth and internal business perspectives.It has a lack of method for setting targets to measure and it has also no consideration of time lag between causes and effects.In this article Dror (2008) has described

Related Essays

Domestic Violence Essay

631 words - 3 pages violence are perceived. The conversation lasted for a long time. We ended up exchanging information and within a week he contacted me. As our conversation picked up, he began to share and I found myself weeping as he shared his story. He opened up to me about how he was a survivor of domestic violence. In this essay I am going to share the effects of emotional abuse from both his perspective and my female’s perspective.  ​           The National

Business Model And Strategic Plan Essay

1757 words - 8 pages and every objective was given a time frame or rate of objective improvement. The period of time for the first scorecard is to be met within one year timeline or less. Every objective has been precisely thoroughly considered and what measure will be utilized to gather the required information to guarantee every objective has been met or what needs to be utilized to help in getting the objective. III. Financial perspective

Sociology And Its Perspectives Essay

1155 words - 5 pages patterns of behavior in a society. Interactionist perspective generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction in order to explain society as a whole. Interactionism is a social framework in which human beings are viewed as living in a world of meaningful objects. These symbols share social meanings that are understood by all members of a society. For example, Every time we speak to someone, look at them, or even think to ourselves, we are

Abnormal Behaviors Essay

535 words - 3 pages 1) In regard to the issues of the extent of abnormal behavior, explain the following terms: (Ch1.Pg12) a. Epidemiology: the study of the distribution of diseases, disorders, or health-related behaviors in a given population. b. Prevalence: refers to the number of active cases in a population during any given period of time. c. Lifetime Prevalence: an estimate of the number of people who have had a particular disorder at any time in their