Grand Canyon University GCU Style Guide for Lower-Division Students
Lower-division students of Grand Canyon University (GCU) are required to use a writing style based upon a simplified version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.) for preparing written assignments, except where otherwise noted. In the interest of providing resource material for student use, this guide to GCU style and format has been developed and made available. A template has been provided in the Student Success Center’s Writing Center for student download and use. PLEASE NOTE: The curriculum materials (Syllabus, Readings, Resources, etc.) created and provided by GCU ...view middle of the document...
An example heading would be: John Smith ACC 211 January 11, 2010 Jane Doe
The body will contain all of the author’s main points as well as detailed and documented support for those ideas. The title is centered on the line after the paper heading, in initial caps. Due to the nature of most student essays, there is not usually a need for section headings and subheadings (Introduction, Methods, Conclusion, etc.). If guidelines are required or helpful, ensure there is a clear break in the flow of text and that the new heading/subheading is easy to spot.
Citations are used to reference material from another source. Using citations to give credit to others whose ideas or words you have used is an essential requirement to avoid issues of plagiarism. Just as you would never steal someone else’s car, you should not steal their words either. To avoid potential problems, always be sure to cite your sources by referring to the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence, such as (Johnson, 2008) and page numbers if you are using word for word materials, such as “ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country” (Kennedy, 1960, p. 34). When using other sources in the writing process, it is important to document the original sources with complete information, which includes who wrote it, who published it, and where to find it. Remember to obtain and make note of all of this information in the research process so that creating references for your paper will be easier when it is time to make the references list. Also remember that it is better to include documentation information that is not required than to not include necessary information.
Preparing References and Citations for Sources Used in Papers
All quotations, paraphrases, and summaries must be referenced. Only common knowledge does not need to be cited. When in doubt, cite the material. This is an issue of plagiarism; please reference GCU’s policy on Plagiarism in the University Policy Handbook. In-text citations should note the author(s) and the publication date for a paraphrase. For a direct quotation, citations should include author(s), date, and page number. See the following examples: “Ethics examines moral values and the standards of ethical behavior” (Ornstein & Levine, 2008, p. 162). Ornstein and Levine (2008) expressed their concern with NCLB and its effect on public education. Quotations with 40 or more words should be in block format, indented, with the following specifications: Omit the encompassing quotation marks. Start a block quote on a new line.
Citations within quotations: Do not omit citations embedded in original material from which you are quoting. However, this secondary source does not need to appear in the list of references...