The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.
FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students."
The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 also known as the 'Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection ACT and 'Corporate and Auditing Accountability and Responsibility Act and ...view middle of the document...
The protection measures must block or filter Internet access to pictures that are: (a) obscene; (b) child pornography; or (c) harmful to minors (for computers that are accessed by minors). Before adopting this Internet safety policy, schools and libraries must provide reasonable notice and hold at least one public hearing or meeting to address the proposal.
Schools subject to CIPA have two additional certification requirements: 1) their Internet safety policies must include monitoring the online activities of minors; and 2) as required by the Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act, they must provide for educating minors about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms, and cyberbullying awareness and response.
Schools and libraries subject to CIPA are required to adopt and implement an Internet safety policy addressing:
(a) access by minors to inappropriate matter on the Internet
(b) the safety and security of minors when using electronic mail, chat rooms and other forms of direct electronic communications
(c) unauthorized access, including so-called “hacking,” and other unlawful activities by minors online
(d) unauthorized disclosure, use, and dissemination of personal information regarding minors
(e) measures restricting minors’ access to materials harmful to them.
Schools and libraries must certify they...