Together We Stand Essay

3166 words - 13 pages

Qualidade, uma questão de Gestão
PSP - Personal Software Process.
TSP - Team Software Process.
CMMI - Capability Maturity Model Integration (SE/SW e AS-CMM).
ITIL - Information Technology Infrastructure Library.

Três Níveis

CMM -> Capacitação Organizacional
TSP -> Capacitação de Equipes
PSP -> Capacitação de Indivíduos

O CMM diz “o que” deve ser feito
– Desenhado para ser amplo e duradouro
– Não entra em detalhes de técnicas específicas
O PSP e o TSP dizem também “como”
– Sugerem técnicas e dão alternativas

PSP – Personal Software Process

Mensagem a reter

– O PSP é um processo definido para ajudar o desenvolvedor a fazer melhor seu trabalho.
– O PSP ...view middle of the document...

– Estimar e planejar o trabalho a ser feito
– Cumprir compromissos
– Resistir a pressões por compromissos irreais
– Compreender sua habilidade
– Estar mais apto a melhorar sua forma de trabalho
– Enfim, tornar o trabalho mais produtivo, adequado e satisfatório ao desenvolvimento de sistemas em escala individual, fazendo com que o próprio engenheiro de software encontre os seus limites.
O PSP estabelece
– Uma base testada e comprovada para o desenvolvimento e uso de disciplinas pessoais de alcance industrial
– Uma disciplina que mostra como o processo pessoal pode ser melhorado
– Os dados necessários para a melhoria contínua da produtividade, qualidade e previsibilidade do trabalho do desenvolvedor
Características
– Suporta desenvolvimento individual.
– Possibilita que o próprio engenheiro encontre seu processo de desenvolvimento.
– Institucionaliza o controle total das atividades.

Estratégia do PSP

Identificação de métodos e técnicas utilizados em sistemas de grande escala que possam ser úteis para os sistemas individuais.
Definição de um subconjunto destes métodos e técnicas para serem aplicados no desenvolvimento de pequenos programas.
Estruturação destes métodos para que sejam gradualmente introduzidos.
Fornecimento de um conjunto de exercícios a serem realizados, possibilitando o aprendizado do PSP.

Visão Geral do PSP

PSP0 - A performance atual é medida e estabelecida – Baseline
PSP1 - São elaborados planos de tamanho, recursos e tempos gastos no trabalho – Gerenciamento de Projetos.
PSP2 - É realizado o gerenciamento de defeitos e rendimento – Gerenciamento
do Processo e da Qualidade
PSP3 - Os métodos do PSP são ampliados para projetos maiores –
Escalabilidade do Processo

PSP0 - Medição Pessoal

Construir uma base (baseline) de medidas para suporte à evolução, com foco na medição do tempo gasto, defeitos inseridos e encontrados.
– Utiliza tabelas para medição e documentação
– Base para todo o processo de melhoria
– Coleta de dados
tempo
defeitos
– Delineação do perfil do engenheiro
– Basicamente uma fase de coleta de informações

PSP1 - Planejamento Pessoal

Adiciona planejamento ao PSP0 com base nos dados históricos
Registro de teste e estimativa de tamanho e recursos.
– Perceber a relação entre o tamanho do programa desenvolvido e o tempo gasto para desenvolvê-lo.
– Ajudar o engenheiro de software a só assumir compromissos que possa cumprir.
– Fornecer um planejamento ordenado das tarefas a serem cumpridas.
– Fornecer dados para avaliação do trabalho realizado.
Adiciona planejamento ao PSP0 com base nos dados históricos
Registro de teste e estimativa de tamanho e recursos.
– Perceber a relação entre o tamanho do programa desenvolvido e o tempo gasto para desenvolvê-lo.
– Ajudar o engenheiro de software a só assumir compromissos que possa cumprir.
– Fornecer um planejamento ordenado das tarefas a serem cumpridas.
– Fornecer dados para avaliação...

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