Toys Essay

1210 words - 5 pages

lbsale[50]lbsale[这个贴子最后由ombre在 2004/09/12 00:38am 第 1 次编辑]正方 台湾大学反方 复旦大学地点 新加坡 时间 1988年4月 主席: 欢迎观看1988年度亚洲大专辩论会决赛.     正方一辩 王菲菲同学 心理学系二年级     正方二辩 陈嘉林同学 机械工程系三年级     正方三辩 毛任杰同学 商业研究一所一年级     正方四辩 石世豪同学 法律系四年级        反方一辩 罗洁同学 管理系四年级     反方二辩 顾刚同学 新闻系四年级     反方三辩 鲍勇剑同学 国际政治系四年级     反方四辩 李光斗同学 新闻系四年级   正一: ...view middle of the document...

.....谢谢!(掌声)主席:现在进入自由辩论阶段,双方各有4分钟。   正方:我想请教对方同学,如果有人拿着刀子来杀第三位同学的时候,你希望他是因为拿刀子杀人会被判死刑而不做这件事情,还是希望这个人是因为不能杀人,杀人是不好的,残忍的,不做这件事情?是希望他从思想上认识到不做这件事情,还是希望这个人是因为言行重法而不做这件事情?   反方:君子坦荡荡.孔子他老人家从不文过饰非,他就说过”知其不可为而为之”.请对方同学解释什么叫”知其不可啊”?(笑声)   正方:”知其不可为”只是说如果没有办法办到的话,但是请别忘了,孟子也曾说过不为也,非不能也,就是说如果不为的话,仍然可以做.那么再请问对方辩友,虽然孔夫子没有第二个,不过对方辩友四位翩翩的少年,是不是孔夫子教育下的最佳名徒呢?   反方:我想这位同学搞错了,我们爱孔子,但是我们没有受过孔子的教育,受过孔子教育的人像子夏.   正方:谢谢对方辩友在理论上承认了儒家思想有他精华的部分.请问对方辩友,我们应不应该孝敬父母,该不该友爱兄弟姐妹,该不尊亲睦邻呢?该不该敬爱师长,尤其像武教授这样的老师呢?   反方:谢谢对方的朋友,我听清了对方的言论 ,很想听到对方同学举出一个实例来,哪怕一个,哪里没有西方歪风。对方第一位同学说抵御西方歪风就是全盘禁止,而第三位同学又说抵御西方歪风可以有一部分进来,只要削弱,那么题目恐怕就要改了吧.我请对方同学回答.   正方:我方一辩同学从来没有说抵御就代表禁止,第一点澄清。第二点,西方歪风的存在并不能够证明儒家思想不能抵御,因为任何地方都有西方歪风的存在.但是,哪个地方有西方歪风就是儒家思想该发挥它最大功能的地方,它就是抵御的存在.   反方:刚才您说只有当儒家思想深入人心的时候才抵御,我想请问,看作天知今天,看今天知明天,儒家思想2000多年来都没有可以过,我们还要再等2000年吗?(笑)   正方:说到法制,在鞭子下牛马也会往前进的,人比这之上的有什么呢?一,孟子告诉我们只有仁义之别啊,今天如果每个人都靠鞭前进的话,那算什么人类社会呢?说到抵御,儒家在它的著作里头,哪一个不谈具体的行动呢?孝顺不是具体的行动吗?关怀你的兄弟不是具体的行动吗?   反方:请对方同学不要把中华文化的优良传统和儒家思想混为一谈了,这是跑题了.   正方:中华文化的优良传统,儒家的确是它的一部分。我想请问对方同学,如果今天西方歪风是一种慢性的疾病,我们要不要在治疗它的时候,尽管不是一天能治好,都要人来看的时候就说:哎呀,现在还有病,那么这个药是不能治病的,但是我们知道良药苦口,而且治病不是一天两天的事情。那么你能因此说,因为他的病还存在,他就不要吃药了吗?   反方:请不要叫内科医生去开刀。孔子早就说过,画饼不能充饥,巨象不能捕鼠。胡适先生在1934年就告戒我们说,不要穿古代的戏装演现代的悲剧。(笑声)   正方:请对方辩友告诉我们,你们要整治这个社会,要抵御西方歪风,到底要用什么思想?什么行动呢?反方:我们要靠综合治理。请问西方歪风那么多,光靠孝顺能解决问题吗?   正方:光靠儒家思想可以解决。请问你们,你们到底要用什么思想呢?   反方:我再给对方辩友举个例子,前几天,《联合晚报》上登孝女犯法,到底是法大呢还是人情大呢?   正方:正是因为她没有接受儒家思想的关系,(掌声)如果她接受儒家思想的话,就跟我一样。我的父母真伟大。(笑声、掌声)   反方:儒家思想是强调人情而不是强调法律。我们看,新加坡是用什么来抵御西方歪风,它的最大的措施就是罚款。   正方:谢谢对方同学再提法律。我是学法律的,法律都是由道德具体而为的。请问对方辩友,一个没有道德内涵的法律,除了像鞭子以外,它还有什么用呢?   反方:如果抱着子为父隐的孝道,那么那个案子就破不了了,更何况那不是孝道,是一个笑料。   正方:对方同学又误会了,子为父隐不是儒家的观念,儒家告诉我们要讲谏,要告诉父亲是错误的,但态度要委婉,要好好的告诉父亲是错误的。我想请问对方辩友,如果今天民主政治的发展所处在16、18世纪,当时的政治社会应该全盘灌入人类的脑袋里面,让大家来抵御西方歪风呀!   反方:我很想请问对方同学,儒家思想到底在什么时候,什么地点抵御西方歪风?请注意,是抵御西方歪风,抵御,当然是御敌于国门之外。请回答。   正方:我个人看到的就是台湾地区非常尊师重道,我的老师我现在仍然非常尊敬,我的小学老师我还经常回去看他,这正是抵御西方歪风啊!反方:我们可以看一看对方同学爱提的民国初年,从袁世凯到吴佩孚、到孙传芳,哪一个不尊孔,哪一个不读经。但中国不还是被读的千疮百孔啊?(掌声)正方:有尊孔的形象,但是没有尊孔的实质内涵,要把思想化为行动,才是真正的儒家思想可以抵御西方歪风,吴佩孚、孙传芳没有把儒家思想化为行动,他只不过是借孔为名而已。反方:看来这位同学是得到了儒家的真传了,但是如果等你去付注实践,那么高雄街头的飞车少年,恐怕早就跌破了脑袋。正方:抵御决不是说我们一夜之间把它们全部赶出去,要杀敌也要慢慢的把敌人赶出去。尤其西方歪风是这么的可怕,这么的恶劣,因此,我们要好好的慢慢的、有耐心的才能够贯彻儒家思想。反方:现在是乱邦不入,危邦不居,乱邦危邦孔子都不肯去,怎么抵御呢?正方:孟子又说:七年之病不能求三年之爱。对方同学只想求小利,求速成,孔子也说欲速则不达啊。反方:现在西方歪风打进来了。我们怎么抵御西方歪风呢?既然人性如对方同学说的那么完美,那么不会有人犯罪了,可是我们知道,一个人学好3年,学坏3天,我们怎么抵御西方歪风呢?正方:孔子说:进朱者赤,近墨者黑。如果儒家思想能够抵御西方歪风,那么这句话应该改为近朱者不朱,进墨者不墨才对呀!反方:我不反对对方同学食古,但问题是你有没有消化的肠胃正方:对方同学强调.......主席:时间还有一分钟,继续!反方:对方同学强调从政治上、社会上、文化上都治理西方歪风,这似乎正是我方的综合治理的观点,谢谢你们支持了我们。反方:我们来看一看儒家思想是用什么抵御西方歪风的,它用什么来抵御离婚率的上升呢?用的是媒约之命,父母之言,用包办婚姻,造成了多少孔雀东南飞呀!反方:自孔子之后,儒家分八派,对方同学到底要用哪一派,哪一朝来抵御西方歪风呢?反方:余英时先生教导我们说:儒家思想从来就不是一团可以任人揉捏的面粉,它是尚散若水,像流水一样,看得见摸不着。反方:就是孔子也对鬼神抱有称而不论的想法,孔子谈到:鬼神之为德,其盛矣乎!这难道不也说明了儒家思想不可以抵御西方歪风吗?反方:总的来说,千万不要执迷不悟,更是不要抓住......主席:时间已到,谢谢!(掌声)  ...

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