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Unification Of Germany Essay

7938 words - 32 pages

Coercive Diplomacy: Otto von Bismarck and the Unification of Germany
by
Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth R. Kassner United States Marine Corps

United States Army War College Class of 2012

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: A
Approved for Public Release Distribution is Unlimited

This manuscript is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Master of Strategic Studies Degree. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.

The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle ...view middle of the document...

REPORT TYPE

3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

24-02-2012
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE

Strategy Research Project

Coercive Diplomacy: Otto von Bismarck and the Unification of Germany

6. AUTHOR(S)

5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER

Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth R. Kassner, USMC

7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) AND ADDRESS(ES)

8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

Dr. R. Craig Nation Department of National Security and Strategy

9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)

10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)

U.S. Army War College 122 Forbes Avenue Carlisle, PA 17013 122 Forbes Avenue 12. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Distribution A: Approved for public release distribution is unlimited 122 Forbes Avenue Carlisle, PA 17013
13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S)

14. ABSTRACT

Otto von Bismarck, Prussia’s “Iron Chancellor,” was arguably the dominant political figure in Europe during the nineteenth century. With acute political moves, he adroitly manipulated opportunities to achieve European hegemony for Germany and, thus, considerably altered Europe’s political scene and balance of power. As the principal architect of German unification, he utilized subtle diplomacy, the formation of alliances, Prussia’s formidable army, and a series of calculated—albeit limited— wars against his European neighbors to create Germany’s second empire. As the archetypical statesman who espoused the power of the state in the international system, Bismarck recognized that a successful foreign policy and national strategy required the conscious integration of force and diplomacy in order to achieve his overarching goal of German unification. His political leadership thus succeeded because he understood that the use of force was a complement, and not alternative, to diplomacy. This paper examines Bismarck’s manipulation of diplomatic and military instruments of national power to achieve his political goal, concluding that the fusion of force and diplomacy was the essence of Bismarck’s statesmanship.
15. SUBJECT TERMS

Prussia, Imperial Germany, Statesmen, European History and Politics, Helmuth von Moltke
16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: a. REPORT b. ABSTRACT c. THIS PAGE 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (include area

UNCLASSIFED

UNCLASSIFED

UNCLASSIFED

UNLIMITED

28

code)

Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98)
Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18

USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT

COERCIVE DIPLOMACY: OTTO VON BISMARCK AND THE UNIFICATION OF GERMANY

by

Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth R. Kassner United States Marine Corps

Dr. R. Craig Nation Project Adviser

This SRP is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Master of Strategic Studies Degree. The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the...

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