United States Courts Essay

763 words - 4 pages

The United States courts and history and its purpose has been a strong order of justice in the nation since the first time it was established. The system was designed to allow the citizens of the United States to receive a fair criminal trial regardless of social status, gender, race, and ethnic background. The system is composed by several different elements and processes that are at times very complicated. The best way to understand how the system works is to examine the structure and function of the different courts in America. This paper will describe a court and its purpose, define the dual court system and describe the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played ...view middle of the document...

One of the events was the early English Justice and initiated the first court proceedings called trial by ideal. This formally identified crimes like witch craft or other abnormal acts of social behaviors,
such as persons with psychological or uncontrolled emotional conduct. According to "UCI Law
Erwin Chemerinsky Profile" (2010) “the federal system is created of several courts the highest
court is the Supreme Court which is referred to as the highest court in the land because it hears
the appeals from state and federal courts alike” “Cases heard in the Supreme Court usually have
been appealed from a lower court. Individuals wanting their cases heard by the Supreme Court
must file a writ of certiorari and four of the nine judges must agree to issue a writ for the court to
hear the case”. (United States Court, 2005).

The dual court system is the distinction of state and federal courts that make up
the judicial branch of government. Where a case does not involve the government or multiple
states, the state court has been assigned jurisdiction as stated in the United States Constitution.
There has been some talk of court unification at different points over the last century, but it has
not taken place universally. The court system was not set up in one chunk and has, over
time and in...

Other Papers Like United States Courts

State Of Confusion Essay

934 words - 4 pages taking the necessary steps to file suit through a trial court of general jurisdiction. Trial courts of general jurisdiction are the main trial courts in the state system (United States Courts net.). Tanya business is not in the state of confusion but the state of Denial General Jurisdiction court of Confusion has agreed to hear her case. General jurisdiction courts usually split up into two parts: civil and criminal. Civil court would be where

United States Vs Japanese Government Essay

948 words - 4 pages United States vs Japanese Government In. 1788 the United States government outline is laid out in the Constitution, making the United States one of the first modern national constitutional republic, with the principle that all people have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. One hundred and fifty nine later in 1947, the Japanese Constitution was formed, following closely in the form of the United States government; with the

The Government Shows No Mercy To Native Women

1766 words - 8 pages Government never planned for United States citizen to be put under tribal jurisdiction. After the Oliphant versus Suquamish Indian Tribe cases, the federal government wanted to make it known that U.S. citizen were not under the restriction of tribal jurisdiction because “Indian culture and justice institutions are alien to U.S. citizens, and do not always provide protections found in the Bill of Rights” (Champagne par. 1-2). Because Indian courts

Court Issues Analysis

930 words - 4 pages has always been around. Understanding the legal system and all the many laws alone can be a confusing process for anyone. Having a language barrier just makes it that much harder to understand and/or be understood if not impossible. Although there are a variety of cultures within the United States, the primary language spoken is English. With all the different cultures that do not speak our primary language; to ensure equality of an unbiased

Role And Functions Of Law Paper

957 words - 4 pages government vs. an individual. Private law is two individuals and the business that they have with one another. With all the different bodies of laws for United States, the system has a place where one can go to help sort out the legal issue. The federal and state court is two various types of court systems but both are very different. State courts are trial and appellate courts. Trail courts are used to prove guilt or innocence in a case until the

2.05 Akjsdlkjfe

468 words - 2 pages 02.04 Federalism: Honors Extension Alkdj jajf kdjalkjfj jdj jdjd kjadflksjf ajdkj Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court formed the basis for the exercise ofjudicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. The landmark decision helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of

Common Law

1739 words - 7 pages the laws. Article I of the U.S. Constitution begins, "All legislative Powers...shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and the House of Representatives." The U.S. Congress and all that is under its purview, then, make up the legislative branch of the federal government. The U.S. congress is divided into the House of Representatives (also referred to as the lower house) and the Senate (also referred as

Branches Of Government

751 words - 4 pages powers to interpret the laws and is made up of the Supreme Court of the United States. Congress actually has the power to determine the number of courts and has the power to establish courts inferior to the Supreme Court and their jurisdictions. The Judicial process follows Article III of the Constitution that guarantees every person accused of wrong doing has the right to a fair trial before a judge and a jury (The White House, n.d). All federal

Canter's Behavior Management Cycle: A Case Study

1282 words - 6 pages Arizona Statehood and Constitution "I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives


1296 words - 6 pages the Justices (not all on the same “courts”) was that the court lacked or had no jurisdiction in the matter and therefore dismissed the suit or decided somewhat, wrong. Chief Justice John Marshall wrote in the 1833 decision, "[constitution} created …by the people of the United States" to apply only to the government that the Constitution had created -- the federal government -- and "not for the government of the individual states." In the 1857 Dred

Supreme Court Rise To Power

3569 words - 15 pages judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. Under this section and the Judiciary Act of 1789, the United States Supreme Court was created. The Act organized the Supreme Court, the federal circuit courts and the federal district courts, established the Office of the Attorney General, and reserved the president's right to nominate

Related Essays

Courts And Law Essay

679 words - 3 pages Introduction: In this case study we will be taking a close look at the United States legal system and how it became what it is today. Research issue or case/code chosen: Where did our legal system originate from? Discuss the development of the court system; Special Federal Courts, Federal District Courts, Federal Courts of Appeal, United States Supreme Courts, State Courts, Inferior Courts, Courts of Original General Jurisdiction, and

The Courts In Our Criminal Justice System

304 words - 2 pages legal power of the United States in the Federal Court System - as well as -Congress using its power to institute the thirteen U.S. Court of Appeals, the 94 U.S. District Courts, and more. Whereas, in Article V, the Texas Constitution devotes the legal power of the state in the Supreme Court, Court of Criminal Appeals, Courts of Appeals; along with other courts. Moreover, parties that are disgruntled with the choice of the trial court, may

Setting Up A Judiciary System For Political Process

5605 words - 23 pages Court). The other members of the Appellate Judicial Commission include three lawyers elected by The Guam State Board of Law (the organization of all lawyers licensed in this state) and three citizens selected by the governor and mayors (as discussed earlier) (Your Missouri Courts n.d.). Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the Unified State Court System of Guam has exclusive jurisdiction of challenges to the validity of a United States statute

What Is The Writ Of Habease

691 words - 3 pages U.S.C.A. §§ 2241 et seq.]). This statute gave federal courts the power to issue habeas corpus writs for "any person … restrained in violation of the Constitution, or of any treaty or law of the United States." The U.S. Supreme Court has interpreted it to mean that federal courts may hear the habeas corpus petitions of state prisoners as well as federal prisoners. The writ of habeas corpus is an extraordinary remedy because it gives a court the