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United States Courts Essay

763 words - 4 pages

The United States courts and history and its purpose has been a strong order of justice in the nation since the first time it was established. The system was designed to allow the citizens of the United States to receive a fair criminal trial regardless of social status, gender, race, and ethnic background. The system is composed by several different elements and processes that are at times very complicated. The best way to understand how the system works is to examine the structure and function of the different courts in America. This paper will describe a court and its purpose, define the dual court system and describe the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played ...view middle of the document...

One of the events was the early English Justice and initiated the first court proceedings called trial by ideal. This formally identified crimes like witch craft or other abnormal acts of social behaviors,
such as persons with psychological or uncontrolled emotional conduct. According to "UCI Law
Erwin Chemerinsky Profile" (2010) “the federal system is created of several courts the highest
court is the Supreme Court which is referred to as the highest court in the land because it hears
the appeals from state and federal courts alike” “Cases heard in the Supreme Court usually have
been appealed from a lower court. Individuals wanting their cases heard by the Supreme Court
must file a writ of certiorari and four of the nine judges must agree to issue a writ for the court to
hear the case”. (United States Court, 2005).

The dual court system is the distinction of state and federal courts that make up
the judicial branch of government. Where a case does not involve the government or multiple
states, the state court has been assigned jurisdiction as stated in the United States Constitution.
There has been some talk of court unification at different points over the last century, but it has
not taken place universally. The court system was not set up in one chunk and has, over
time and in...

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