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United States Vs Japanese Government Essay

948 words - 4 pages

United States vs Japanese Government
In. 1788 the United States government outline is laid out in the Constitution, making the United States one of the first modern national constitutional republic, with the principle that all people have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. One hundred and fifty nine later in 1947, the Japanese Constitution was formed, following closely in the form of the United States government; with the three principles of sovereignty of the people, respect for fundamental human rights, and renunciation of war. Both of these unique governments are separated into three different powerful branches; the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. ...view middle of the document...

Citizens in the United States can vote in elections at the age of 18, while in Japan citizens must wait until they are 20.
The Diet, which is the legislative branch of Japan, is the highest level of state power and the sole law-making department of the nation, divided into the House of Representatives, and the House of Councilors. The House of Representatives have 480 members and is known as the lower house, and the House of Councilors has 242 members and is the upper house. The legislative branch in the United States is also the law making branch of government, but is not the highest level of power among the 3 branches. The U.S. legislative branch is comprised of the Senate, and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 100 Senators, 2 for each state. The House of Representatives has 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states. While both branches in both states are responsible for passing laws, the one power Japan’s branch holds over the U.S. is that they elect and vote in their Executive Branch leader, the U.S. does not.
In the United States, the Executive and Legislative Branches are elected by the people, members in the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. In the Judicial Branch, the Supreme Court is the highest level of jurisdiction and ultimately holds the final decision of a case. The courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are applied, and whether they break the rules of the Constitution. Under the Supreme Court are district courts which try most federal cases, and the 13 courts of appeals, which review appealed district court cases. Federal courts have the sole power to interpret the law and apply it to individual cases. Japans Judicial system, is structured after the American...

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