Women And Diabetes Essay

3809 words - 16 pages

Women and Diabetes:
An Examination of Quality of Care for
Medicare Recipients

In recent years, diabetes has become one of the top 10 causes of death among women. Research has revealed that women 65 years and older account for 40% of the population and numbers are expected to increase exponentially. Vigorous medication management and coordination of care is instrumental in treating diabetes effectively. The patchwork of health insurance that exist today, particularly Medicare Part D, is culpable in allowing unequivocal disparities among race, gender, and socioeconomic status. This paper will examine quality of care among Medicare beneficiaries, particularly ...view middle of the document...

Access to high-quality, groundbreaking health care is considered a critical foundation in combating chronic illness and is a direct correlation to increasing one’s quality and years of life. The elderly population is particularly vulnerable to experiencing gaps in services and poor coordination of care. The writer will explore existing policies and procedures that affect the senior population and its relationship with diabetes, highlight disparities specific to women, and analyze the quality of care among Medicare recipients.
Medicare is public health insurance that is available to persons sixty-five or older, persons with certain disabilities, and persons with end stage renal disease requiring dialysis (Department of Health, 2011). The writer will emphasize on persons sixty-five and older. The senior population is unique in the fact that the potential to capitalize on earning income has diminished while the need for medical care has increased (Fuchs, 2000). Seniors with chronic illnesses such as diabetes are often faced with making the decision between receiving medical care and meeting basic physiological needs. The Medicare Part D drug benefit was introduced in January 2006 and created under the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. The Medicare Part D drug benefit was designed to help address the needs of seniors with high out-of-pocket costs for medication and to provide continuous access to needed medications for chronic illness (Schmittdiel, Ettner, Fung, Jie, Turk, Quitner, & Mangione, 2009). Prescription drug coverage is voluntary and is offered through private companies contracted with Medicare. As of 2009, fifty-nine percent of Medicare beneficiaries are enrolled in Part D plans. Private companies that offer Part D coverage are allowed to design their own benefit plans. Different plans offer different lists of medicines with varying costs. In creating the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act, the pharmaceutical industry was given free rein to write a program designed more for its profit than for the needs of American seniors and disabled (Cruz & Hickey, 2006).
The standard Part D benefit in 2006 began with partial coverage for the first $2250 of total drug costs, followed by a period of no coverage until patients reached cumulative out-of-pocket costs of $3600. Eighty-nine percent of Part D beneficiaries not receiving a low-income subsidy, such as Medicare, experienced a full coverage gap commonly referred to as a “doughnut hole” (Schmittdiel, Ettner, Fung, Jie, Turk, Quitner, & Mangione, 2009). A senior with approximately $3000 in prescription expenditures would be uncovered for four months and would fall in the “doughnut hole” category. The “doughnut hole” in coverage consists of the first month to meet the initial deductible of $310 dollars, and the last three months after reaching the cap (Stuart, Simoni-Wastila, & Chauncey, 2005). The policy was flawed beyond measure. Understanding Medicaid Part...

Other Papers Like Women And Diabetes


943 words - 4 pages emotional changes occur in this stage. Many adults both men and women face serious health challenges such as diabetes, cancer and heart diseases during this particular stage of life. Both men and women experience a lot of loss of strength and muscle mass (Larsen, 2011). Fat deposits accumulate in the abdominal area increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and type two diabetes. The skin becomes thinner and in case of an injury it takes a

Urinary Tract Infection In Pregnancy Essay

399 words - 2 pages URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN PREGNANCY: BACKGROUND The occurrence of acute pyelonephritis within the duration of pregnancy increases lower urinary tract infection that has been closely associated with the upper urinary tract infection. The association of asymptomatic bacteriuria includes risk factors for lower urinary tract infection in pregnancies with multiparity, diabetes mellitus, urinary tract malformations, low socioeconomic status, and


976 words - 4 pages for stones is between 20 years and 50 years. White Americans are more prone to develop kidney stones than African Americans, and men are much more likely to develop stones than women. Other disease like high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, chronic diarrhea, or kidney cyst might increase the risk of stones. Diabetes increases the risk of developing kidney stones, especially in younger women. Only about 25% of kidney stones occur

Registered Nurse

1663 words - 7 pages vegetables, drinking alcohol on moderation and keeping with exercise and physical activities. All these behaviors can contribute to avoiding hypertension, the most common cause of stroke, as well as the development of diabetes and atherosclerosis which are all major factors leading to stroke Primary prevention involves a program of activities directed at improving general well being while also involving specific protection from diseases


515 words - 3 pages or body mass index (calculated by height and weight of the individual) is less than 30 kg / m² also considered a sign of obesity an increased waist circumference in men greater than or equal to 102 cm and in women greater than or equal to 88 cm (Health and Human Services 2008). Obesity is part of the metabolic syndrome different diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure, different forms of cancer, dermatological and gastrointestinal

M2 Unit 7 Health And Social Care

1702 words - 7 pages medical help, even though this can often be on the behalf of others. It can often be more acceptable for women to seek help, rather than men, in different cultures. These statistics can also be related to the fact that men are often less likely to recognise if they have an illness. Cultural and behavioural explanation: This explanation discusses how certain individuals/ groups live in society. It also looks at the behaviour and lifestyle

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages United States. The rates have risen 60 percent in the last decade. Obesity not only constricts your mobility and decreases your energy it also increases your risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, sleep apnea and cancer. A study published in the 2005, “Archives of Internal Medicine” by the Washington Post reveal that regular exercise can increase your life span. Researchers found that the people who did moderate exercise five days a

Abortion And Health Care In Today's Society

1177 words - 5 pages care, and gets very little attention or love. The foster care system is not any better. Only a small percentage of the children are adopted by suitable parents. The rest remain in the foster care system, where there is little or no personal care. Furthermore, abortion helps to safeguard women's health. There are many women who suffer from medical conditions such as breast and ovarian cancer, AIDS, heart disease, kidney disease, severe diabetes

Vitamin C

1140 words - 5 pages circumstances though. In postmenopausal women with diabetes who participated in the Iowa Women's Health Study, supplemental (but not dietary) vitamin C intake (at least 300 mg/dayVitamin C Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Humans, unlike most animals, are unable to synthesize vitamin C, so it is an essential dietary

Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations

1538 words - 7 pages paper is to identify the current health status of the minority Hispanic community, identify factors leading to health disparities within this group and outline an appropriate method for improving the health of the community though health promotion. Health Status of the Hispanic Community Rates of chronic diseases, including type II diabetes, heart disease and obesity among this population group are disproportionately high with the two

Nutritional Needs Ad

980 words - 4 pages the mother does not consume enough food, her baby can be under-nourished which slows fetal growth and development. In the long run, children have a higher risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure and neurological problems later on in life. Good and Bad Nutritional Choices Women who are pregnant needs to eat more calcium, folic acid, iron, and protein. What a mother eats and drink is her baby’s primary source of nourishment. To maximize

Related Essays

Reaching The Masses: A New Innovative Product For Diabetics

2533 words - 11 pages Reaching the Masses: A New Innovative Product for Diabetics 1.0 Executive Summary Animas Corporation develops insulin pods to use with PDM (Personal Diabetes Manager) for diabetes who require the use of an insulin pump. This marketing plan illustrates our market segments and the strategies we are employing to get consumers and create a solid revenue stream. We are not just another developer of an insulin pump. Our unique focus of

Benefits Of Beer Essay

557 words - 3 pages How the Ingredients Found In Beer are Beneficial to Our Health Drinking beer for some people who likes to go to the party or just relaxing their body is a habit. However, some people think beer is the alcohol drink that effects bad habit, cause be hangover, and has high risks for some diseases. Besides that, some people consider that consuming beer intake too much can damage the body’s digestive system, kidney, and fetuses of pregnant women


345 words - 2 pages that are traditionally associated with women such as cooperative, nurturing, responsive, and relationally focused. 8. Choose two diseases/conditions presented in this chapter and discuss the sex differences associated with each. Type II diabetes is more prevalent in women than in men, causing an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, infection, and other conditions. Males tend to be more susceptible to diseases such as autism, learning

Cesar Essay

716 words - 3 pages , and even the brain's perception of high-calorie foods.A small new study, published Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine, adds a key piece to the puzzle by drilling down to the cellular level: Sleep deprivation, the study found, impairs the ability of fat cells to respond to insulin, a hormone that regulates metabolism and is involved in diabetes.In the study, seven healthy young men and women spent a total of eight days and nights in a sleep