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Judge the Ends, Not the Means
Professor Rachel Carter
22 March 2010
Judge the Ends, Not the Means
Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas de Tropographische Anatomie des Menschen or Atlas of Topographic and Applied Human Anatomy, as it translates to English, is described as one of the most exquisitely detailed and beautifully illustrated anatomy atlases ever printed. It is also considered to be the epitome of anatomy atlases, setting the bar to which all other atlases should try to live up to. There are many other anatomy atlases out there including Frank H. Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy, Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, Johannes W. Rohen’s Color Atlas of Anatomy
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This is a rebuttal to an article written by Marlena Baldacci on August 14, 2013 titled Baby 'Messiah' needs a new name, Tennessee judge rules. Earlier this month a Tennessee judge took it upon herself to order a young mother to change her baby boy’s name from Messiah to Martin. Jaleesa Martin and her son’s father were having a difficult time agreeing on a last name for Messiah, which is the reason they were in Cocke County Chancery Court on August 12, 2013, for a child support hearing.
Lu Ann Ballew a Child Support Magistrate who serves the 4th Judicial District of Tennessee and other counties nearby was presiding over the hearing. Messiah’s name change was part of
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On Monday I visited the District Court. This was my second attempt at visiting a court room; on my first trip I was told the judge did not have a docket for that day. A docket is defined as a calendar of cases awaiting action in a court. Jurisdiction is what gives the courts the power to hear and apply the law to certain types of cases. District Court has original jurisdiction for the following actions; all Traffic and Ordinance violations, all criminal misdemeanors, preliminary exams on felonies, small claims suits, civil lawsuits (amounts up to $25,000), and all contract disputes between tenants and landlords. When I arrived there were a lot of people waiting
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likelihood of appeal and case reversal in the three courts. At a minimum, your report should include the following:
1. The probability of cases being appealed and reversed in the three different courts.
2. The probability of a case being appealed for each judge.
3. The probability of a case being reversed for each judge.
4. The probability of reversal given an appeal for each judge.
5. Rank the judges within each court. State the criteria you used and provide a rationale for your choice.
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decisions that assists each member perform tasks in his area of responsibility (Robbins & Judge, 2011). The group members do not engage in “collective work that requires joint effort (Robbins & Judge, 2011, Chapter 10) like a work team does. A work group does not create the synergy of a work team. The individual is accountable in a work group but both the individual and team members mutually are accountable. Work group members provide random and varied skills, whereas work team members bring complementary skills to the joint effort.
Robbins and Judge (2011) categorized the major characteristics of effective teams into three general categories: context, composition, and process
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For this week’s reflection we took into account the three objectives while having our discussions. The objectives were to analyze the influence of organizational structure on behavior, analyze the influence of organizational culture on behavior, and to analyze the influence of power and politics on behavior.
The influence of organizational structure on behavior has two aspects--- Mechanistic structure and organic structure. In mechanistic structure the employee’s know exactly how to behave and there is little room for deviation (Robbins & Judge, 2011). This is how our three workplaces work. Under the mechanistic structure. As for Organic structure, it is completely opposite. The
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This case is about to judge whether the contract has formed between Carmen and Martin, the manager of the boutique. Carmen wants to buy the T-shirt shown to her yesterday, but it has been sold out after Carmen left the store yesterday.
The topic of the case is about contract. According to the contract law, there are four necessary elements to form contract, which are offer, acceptance, intention and consideration. As for the element offer, there are three important rules to judge if it is an offer, which are certainty of the offer, not invitation to treat, and communication of the offer.
While in our case, the key point to judge whether Martin breaks the contract is whether it is an offer
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which to prove them guilty in the courts. The courts portion of it shows the person getting convicted the ruling and the trial leading up to that ruling. It then will show the beginning of the corrections and what the felon goes through.
A movie that shows mostly the courts is called A Few Good Men. This particular show goes into the detail of how the military tried to cover up a crime in order to protect a Colonels’ orders to discipline a soldier who ended up dying due to a condition that no one knew about. This movie showed how a trial would go with questioning, record keeping of the trial, and the judge. When the questions were asked of people on the stand and how the opposing lawyers
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came for us to appear in court, father brushed his old Army uniform and borrowed a pair of shoes from one of my brothers. We were the first to arrive. Father sat on a chair in the centre of the courtroom. Mother occupied a chair by the door. We children sat on a long bench by the wall. Father kept jumping up from his chair and stabbing the air with his arms, as though we were defending himself before an imaginary jury.
The rich man arrived. He had grown old and feeble; his face was scarred with deep lines. With him was his young lawyer. Spectators came in and almost filled the chairs. The judge entered the room and sat on a high chair. We stood in a hurry and then sat down again.
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The Honorable Chet Wilkins
How is your role in government different from an elected official?
As a judge, I’m not appointed by political parties, as well as I have to go through the Senates courses of hearings to view my prospective point of the constitution, my role as a judge is to make decisions based on the laws and constitution.
Do you think judges should be elected? Explain why or why not.
Well that depends, either being elected by the President or the People. If we are being elected by the president, then we have a fair chance because we can portray our knowledge of the constitution and make judgments based on appeals, but we shouldn’t be elected by the people for the manor of
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Court Room Players
July 28, 2011
Court Room Players
The courtroom work group is the professionals listed in the courtroom such as the courtroom staff which is the, bailiff, court reporter, the judge, prosecutor, and the defense attorney. The group interacts daily, if a defendant enters a plea of guilty. The courtroom work group will hold negotiations to discuss a plea bargain. The defendant and his or her attorney can discuss a plea that will most likely have a sentence, however would not have to go to trial.
The role of the prosecutor is to represent the government or the interest of the community in a criminal trial. The
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; Judge, p. 202), “motivation is defined as the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal”. Without motivation there is no direct meaning for doing a specific job or meeting goals. Every individual at some point have seen how to achieve motivation or know of someone who promotes it.
I and my team members did an assessment of ourselves and I realized that I actually had the chance to see what kind of team members I had been working with over the last five weeks. Although, it is obvious by the work they produce week-to-week, I could also tell who is the leader type, the take-over type, the lazy person, the slacker, the
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July 25, 2014
Re: Ricquard Richardson
This letter is a Letter of character regarding Ricquard Richard.
Honorable Judge Michael Ryan, my name is , I am the cousin of Ricquard Rich. I have been in Ricquard Rich life for all of his 21 years. I have seen Ricquard Richard grow from a child to a wonderful young man.
I know him to be a hard working, fun loving, responsible & dependable young man. He has showed dedication in his position with Logistic’s Supply.
I am aware of the events regarding Ricquard’s guilty plea, and I am aware of what has transpired. I truly believe that Ricquard has already suffered extensively for his actions. I believe he is truly despondent regarding
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Courtroom work group
Ronald A. Tonelli
University of Phoenix
The Criminal Justice System
JEROME SIMPSON JR.
Courtroom work group
Across The United States of America and in every State, County and City criminal justice system, a Courtroom Workgroup has a familiar understanding between the prosecutor, defense attorney, and the judge. This concept of criminal justice describes the seemingly confrontational courtroom participants as colleagues serving within the criminal justice system. Eisenstein and Jacob in 1977 studied the interactions of court members at all levels they came up with the courtroom work group. The three individuals have totally different jobs and
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. The second element is the court system. The court system is generally composed of a prosecutor, judge, and suspect who is referred to as the defendant in court. The prosecutor is identified as the officer assigned by the government to prosecute all offenses. The responsibility of the prosecutor is to present the accusations they would justify the defendant as guilty. Consequently, if the prosecutor fails to provide enough evidence or struggles to prove the offender guilty, the defendant is then released from custody. Arraignment is the first process of the trial process. The judge, who acts as the facilitor, reads the charges to the defendant and obtains a guilty or innocent plea from him/her
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economic market. While many individuals were shocked from these unethical practices from Enron, many organizational behavior theories can explain how this was permitted in the workplace.
Organizational behavior is described as a “field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness” (Robbins & Judge, 2011). Enron’s executives were motivated much more by how they could benefit from this and not how they could make the company more prosperous. The organizational theory that focuses on self-interest is the political model
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. He comes from an abusive household, at one point he shows a scar on his arm from where his father put cigarette out on him. Brian is the brain he is considered the nerd. The pressures he feels are more about grades, he even attempted suicide due to a bad grade. His parents put extreme pressures on him to maintain good grades. Although Brian doesn’t seem to worry about what other people think of his friends he’s the one that will try to get along with everyone and not judge.
As you can see they really do share so many similarities. It just goes to show that no matter what social group your in, someone out there can be experiencing the same pain, pressures and expectations as you. Also you should never judge someone by there appearance, but yet by whom they are in the inside. You never know what someone is going through. As they say never judge a book by its cover.
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Leadership is defined as the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals. (Robbins and Judge 2005). Leaders have the task of planning, organizing, solving problems, motivating, supporting, delegating, rewarding, networking and rewarding their employees or group members, among numerous other tasks. Consequently it can be said that the performance and effectiveness of an organization is directly related and depends upon the leadership that it has. With reference to Fiedler’s Contingency Model/ Theory, Hersey and Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, Path-Goal theory and Participative Leadership Model, the validity of this statement shall be proven
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Will providing data in areas such as patient outcomes, compliance with national standards for preventive and chronic care, and comparative costs to the public be an acceptable measure of healthcare delivery outcomes?
This gives ability for patients to view care and treatment of others
For those that don’t know the facility well this kind of data can increase the ability to patients to view facility procerdures and doesn’t make the patient blindsided.
Though physicians believed that only physicians could and should judge the quality of hospital medical care, they found participation in such hospital peer review activities a most disagreeable obligation. What were the problems
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Leadership and Ethics in Healthcare
How are we suppose to live up to the second amendment standards, thou shall not kill if we take actions into our own hands and kill someone who is convicted of a crime? This is a bad way to tell society to love thou brother and sister and do not judge no matter what. Capital punishment supposed to be deterrence for the people to notice what will happen to them if they do something very bad to harm or endanger someone (Thiroux & Krasemann 2012). The problem with that is no one does capital punishment out in the open anymore it’s done on the inside of the prison so how are you
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] he failed to understand that if one seriously intends to 'not judge a book by its cover', then one must read a lot of books. A child’s approach to apples provides standards by which we may judge our selves.
Special care must be taken when analysing such a delicate subject. On the other hand anyone that disagrees with me is an idiot. It breaks the mould, shattering man's misunderstanding of man.
Derived from 'oikonomikos,' which means skilled in household management, the word economics is synonymous with apples. We will begin by looking at the Maiden-Tuesday-Lending model, a lovely model.
Indisputably there is a link. How can
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Sample Question Stems
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the neighbors. The appellant then drove to a nearby telephone, called family to escort his wife to care, and returned home. Upon his return trip, a broken taillight on his vehicle allowed police to perform a traffic stop, and at that time an arrest was made for driving under a suspended license.
Procedural History: Rodger Wayne Cole was convicted for driving under a suspended license, despite his defense. Ultimately the judge in this case did not charge the jury with defense of necessity. As such the appellant appeals his conviction based on the belief that the trial judge errored by not charging the jury with defense of necessity; which the court has acknowledged in previous instances
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open both on the individual and group level. The organization commitment is also present at Google.
Given the open culture at Google the motivational theories that would be affective include the self-determination theory, expectancy theory, and self-efficacy theory. While each of these theories may help Google motivate their employees Google appears to use a combination of theories to varied degrees to keep their employees apart of their open culture of communication.
The self-determination theory suggests that people like to feel in control of their actions (Robbins & Judge, 2011). Google implements the 70-20-10 as explained earlier which gives employees some
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Justice played a very important role in Plato’s philosophy. After criticizing different theories of justice he came up with his own. He said that justice is a “human virtue” which makes a person good. Individually justice can make a person good and self-consistent. And socially it can bring a harmony to a society. So Plato’s idea of justice is all about virtue and goodness.
Plato also believed that justice was an essential part of an ideal society. Because it could bring more light and cure bad things. Plato believed that the state had to be ruled by philosophers. Only they could judge what justice is, as they were wisdom. Such people in charge were capable of making accurate judgments
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. He sentenced for 10 years and was charger for fraud and embezzlement (Economist, 1999).
This paper will discuss some organizational behavior theories and how these theories could have predicted the failure of Daewoo Group. This paper will also contain the contributions of leadership, management, and the organizational structure failure.
Organization behavior (OB) is a field of study, for the purpose of applying common knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness (Robbins and Judge, 2007). OB is a field of study that involves the knowledge that has been gained about people and process the information to make the company or organization more effective. After
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the person s affected Scheme and Policy of the Statue applicable. Other relevant circumstance of the case.
5. Essential Ingredients of Natural Justice:The essential ingredients of Natural Justice are the following 1 2 3 Rule Against Bias Right To Be Heard Reasoned Decisions A person will not judge a case in which he is himself interested No one should be condemned unheard An order passed must be a speaking order, supported by reasons
I.Rules Against Bias:This rule originates from the Latin Maxim nemo judex in causa sua” which means that a person will not judge a case in which he is himself interested. The fundamental principle of justice is that justice should not only be done but
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* Small claims cases where the amount claimed does not exceed $3,500. Small claims are decided by a judge in an informal manner.
(Hawaii State Judiciary 2008)
The Village Courts also have jurisdiction over civil cases where:
* The debt, amount, damages, or value of the property claimed does not exceed $25,000.
* The remedy sought is specific performance valued under $25,000.
* Criminal offenses punishable by fine or by imprisonment that do not exceed one year.
* Cases arising from violations of a village ordinance.
* Petitions for restraining orders and for injunctions against harassment.
(Hawaii State Judiciary 2008)
Jury trials are held
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hears appeals to do with civil law and family justice from the high court, tribunals and sometimes from the county courts. Whilst the criminal divisions hears appeals from the crown courts. Decisions of the High Court may be appealed to the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal.
Crown court- deals with indictable criminal cases that have been transferred from the Magistrates’ Courts, including hearing of serious criminal cases (such as murder, rape and robbery), cases sent for sentencing, and appeals. Cases are heard by a judge and a jury. Decisions of the Crown Court may be appealed to the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal. The county court also deals with civil (non-criminal) matters
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, provide structure, and place
such leader in a power position with adequate influence. Because of such an unfavorable situation, the
leader’s traits and leadership skills are detrimental. When Apple selected Jobs to lead the company, it
changed leader-member relations to a good standing due to Jobs charisma. Followers are likely to
accept him as a leader and exhibit willingness to accomplish tasks. The company also gave him a great
deal of influence through the strong CEO position. By selecting Steve Jobs to lead the company, it was
able not only to improve its performance, but also position itself to take advantage of the “music”
opportunity (Robbins and Judge, 2007
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buy them. Kozlowski would wind up taking the stand in his own defense and reiterate his claims that he was entitled to all the money he had obtained, despite not getting approval from the board of directors. In the end, they were convicted on all but one count.
The defendants continued to profess their innocence until the end. During sentencing, they asked the judge for leniency based on the amount of money given to charities, despite the fact that they donated stolen money. The judge responded by sentencing each to 8 1/3 to 25 years in prison. They were ordered to pay back $134 million to Tyco, and each received still fines as well – Kozlowski $70 million and Swartz $35 million. Since this
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A judge is a public official who is appointed or elected to govern a court of law, authorized to hear and conduct trials, and may be allowed to decide a case (Schmalleger, p. 312, 2011). The bailiff is an armed law enforcement officer who duties include making sure order is maintained in the courtroom, announcing the judge presents, calling witnesses to the stand, supervising the jury, and preventing the defendant from escaping (Schmalleger, p. 325, 2011). Court administrators are hired to make sure the court system functions run smooth by performing duties such as budget management, track long cases, and analyze case flow (Schmalleger, p. 326, 2011).
The court reporter takes record of
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Political revolution didn’t occur in my country, I think the revolution happened in United State is a good thing, some of the good things about the American revolution are America gotten its independence, and brought about a freer where there wasn’t a monarch on the throne, the governor was the one who judge every one and do whatever he want, the main cancer of the American is not to be punished without reason or paying too much tax without any reason or protection, because that time British use to send the army to collect money from the colony with no reason or any benefit for the people.
In 1765 the Americans clones rejected the authority of the British Parliament
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donations and monetary support during their campaigns, as a payoff, the representatives, provides the industry with lighter regulations, beneficiary laws, tax breaks that benefit the industry of sugar production and making it harder for the clean up, restoration and preservation of our waters in the state. This issue has been fought for many years, and sugar industries always had the upper hand, it wasn’t until a couple of months ago that a judge ruled in favor of the conservation of our waters in Florida and managed to impose higher regulations on sugar corporations, and speed up the process of cleaning contaminated waters, and lands around lake Okeechobee and through the state.
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cultures and traditions even if I don't plan on adopting those cultures and traditions.
What is ethnocentrism? In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society?
Ethnocentrism means to judge or criticize someone based on their cultural differences. Unfortunately this tends to happen quite a bit these days. Ethnocentrism has harmed society by producing more racism and prejudice among people of all countries. It really is an issue that all countries struggle with because some people are not willing to accept other cultural differences or opinions that others may have about how they live their lives. It has also caused young children to grow up thinking it is ok to judge others
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the world a better place after he is gone. A humanist seeks and finds fulfillment from the amount of happiness in his life and satisfaction from his desires. Therefore, seek what makes you happy and brings you the most pleasure. Having a naturalist worldview allows the individual to decide a personal meaning and purpose for their own life.
The Question of Morality-
There is no absolute moral code in secular humanism; the belief is to base your decisions on the consequences of your actions. A secular humanist does not believe in an all-knowing god; you are simply free to be your own judge. If it feels good and does not hurt anyone; you should be able to do it.
The Question of
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(Legal & Court): Whether Oklahoma had in personam jurisdiction, even though the automobile retailer and its wholesale distributor did not have a residency connection with the state. The Court has to determine if the Due Process Clause is violated because of lack in meeting the “minimum contact” requirement.
Holding: The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the ruling for Oklahoma to have jurisdiction, because the forum state did not have enough residency or a minimum contact with the defendant to meet the requirements to be considered a objective trial.
Rationale section: (Why) The 14th Amendment limits a state’s power to judge a non-resident defendant without proper personal jurisdiction
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of the line workers are afraid of being laughed at by their coworkers when they follow new safety regulations. Workers don’t all understand the necessity of a new regulation at the beginning, so they feel easier to reject new rules. Some experienced workers refuse to follow new regulations because they are using their experience to judge all kinds of possibilities in work. They’ve never had accidents in the past, so it’s hard for them to adopt new regulations. Besides these two reasons, there are cultural norms and emotions. Workers may know it’s easier to get injured when they wear rings. However, cultures and emotions hold them back from safety concerns.
Alcoa’s management also
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People often think issues are problems. Issues are actually the proposal to solve problems. The first step in problem-solving is the definition of the problem or the root of what it is that causes the issue at hand. Problems should be a negative expression; whereas issues should be positive expressions. “Decision making occurs as a reaction to a problem” (Robbins & Judge, 2007). That means there is a negative situation, which needs a plan to turn the situation into a positive status. An issue is a concern or problem in which people disagree (Clouse, 2008). Once an individual has established the issue and noted that the claim is debatable; then the goal is to define a problem statement to
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Explain each of the following statements as they apply to modern quality management.
a. Customer service is the rule, not the exception.
b. The absence of defects is a given rather than a source of competitive advantage.
a) The foundation of modern quality management is that the customer is the main judge of quality. Part of the customer’s experience is also the customer service. Customer service is essential and vital to the success of a company because if people see the customer service as lacking, this can also translate to its products. Poor customer service can be seen as bad quality. This starts a chain reaction of affects – without customer service, customers view the product
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national debt and the consequences of the First World War.
However, the inflation did not devalue money suddenly, but emerged since the First World War. We have to ask ourselves, whether the German government could have reacted differently, because the coming hyperinflation was recognized by some people already at 1920. Maybe the inflation could have been avoided, but on what terms?
I will answer those questions by analyzing the different causes of inflation. I will shortly address the decisions of the German government in the process, which I will explain at the end.
I shortly outlined the causes in order to judge the correctness of politicians’ decisions.
This paper is mainly arranged chronically, so that the preconditions for a hyperinflation will be explained first and the main part ends with the monetary reform.
I mainly used online resources, which were very easy to understand. There is a lot of literature about this topic, but not in German or not on an understandable level. Therefore, I used texts from the Internet.
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. Once the pleading have been filed the defendant can file a motion. The defendant has the option to file a motion to dismiss or a motion for a judgement on the initial pleadings of the case. If the judge does not see cause for dismissing the case or entering a judgment on the pleadings the case will proceed to trial.
Once the case has been sent to trail the parties enter the discovery phase of the case. Discovery allows the defendant to see the information or evidence that the plaintiff plan on using to prove their case. This allows the defendant to pinpoint the exact reasons why they are being sued and provides them information for which they can dispute. The discovery phase of the
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from others' comments. Since the prosperity of social network, both fans and anti-fans judge the celebrity. As a result, anti-fans may insult or even curse a celebrity, which, in the long haul, can bring psychic trauma to one. When the stress reaches its peak, it will cause the celebrity depression.
In conclusion, it is not easy to play the fame game. We shouldn't over-pursue fame. Make sure that we are ready to withstand all the glory and pressure before we really want to be a celebrity.
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they do get into trouble when they are an adult he or she should already know and understand that their history of criminal behavior may not be open to the public’s eye but, the judge will more than like know their criminal background all too well. No matter what one thinks, as a juvenile what they truly do not know is prosecutors, judges as well as defense attorney knows every angle of the criminal justice system and all who pass through it and if a juvenile is a repeated offender in the delinquent age trust me if they get into more trouble as an adult the courts can and will after trying to do all they can to reform him or her. The criminal justice system will now punish him or her to the fullest extinct of the adult law.
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and barred from suing the manufacturer. Arbitration is supposed to provide consumers with an immediate and an inexpensive place to go but it could be costly. Going through arbitration, homeowner gives up the right to a cost free judge and jury. Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to the contract, or breach thereof, shall be settled by arbitration and judgment upon the award rendered by the arbitrator may be entered in any court having jurisdiction. Arbitration is taking the place of lawsuits therefore protecting many businesses from court fights. When there is a broad arbitration clause, such as one covering any type of dispute arising out of an agreement, a court should follow the presumption of arbitration and resolve doubts in favor of arbitration.
(2007-2008) United Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Retrieved 5 October 2010 from
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Imagine this: you are walking around in an outdoor market when you feel someone take your wallet. You turn around and you see a person. You accuse them of stealing your wallet and it gets taken to trial, when right in the middle a person comes in and confesses to the crime. Suddenly, the current trial ends and a new trial begins: against you. The judge decides to cut your hands off for falsely accusing someone while the thief gets away scot-free. I bet you’re thinking that it would be totally unfair to get your hands cut off while a thief gets away with stealing your wallet, just because you thought someone else stole it, then you are completely correct. However, if you lived during
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In the business world, accounting education is one discipline of study that all people, regardless of job position, should have some knowledge of. Its concepts can be applied to all job specialties, its importance has been promoted in recent years, and it is useful in people's everyday lives Barber, (2000).
First, accounting education is important because it can be applied in all job specialties. Secretaries must use accounting skills to manage the company cheque book and orders, auditors have to study financial statements to evaluate the accuracy and integrity of the business, and executives need to judge the success of their business using accounting statements
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Ethnocentrism - is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture, especially with concern for language, behavior, customs, and religion.
Cultural Imperialism - the practice of promoting and imposing a culture, usually of politically powerful nations over less potent societies.
Cultural relativism - is the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative to the individual within his own social context. In other words, “right” and “wrong” are culture-specific; what is considered moral in one society may be considered immoral in another, and, since no universal standard of morality exists, no one has the right to judge another society’s customs
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Motivation in the Workplace
According to Stephen P. Robins and Timothy A. Judge (2009), motivation may be defined as "the processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal". Hence, motivation is an important factor in every individual's life because no matter the source, motivation leads to positive lifestyle and it will increase employee's efficiency and effectiveness within the workplace. Moreover, it should be clearly understood that the task of every manger in the workplace should be mainly to motivate their internal customers who are the staff, as managers need to get things done through them in
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cases that a psychologist is involved in. For example, a psychologist is called to complete a psychological evaluation for the courts. This psychologist is then called to testify as to the results of this evaluation, as well as his or her opinion regarding the accused and his or her state of mind. The Ethics Code states that the psychologist must maintain confidentiality unless consent is given by the client (Plante, 2011). However, if the client refuses consent and the judge orders that the psychologist answer, he or she has only two options. These include breaking the Ethics Code or breaking the law. The best thing to do in this situation for the psychology professional is to speak with the