292 words - 2 pages
During the 19th century the middle class boys had went to grammar school. Then the middle class girls had went to private schools where they had learned how to sewing and things that involved music. Both the boys and the girls of the middle class were learning how to read and write. Middle class children had a lot of toys also. Their toys were wooden or porcelain dolls that were made into animals.. The houses of middle class families had furniture and fire places. Only one family lived in the house some families may had a nanny to take care of the children when they were home.
In the 19th century working class children were most likely working in factories and even on farms. The
945 words - 4 pages
If Your Teen Begins to Fail in School
More Information on School Success - Universal Education
Many teens experience a time when keeping up with school work is difficult. These periods may last several weeks and may include social problems as well as a slide in academic performance.
Research suggests that problems are more likely to occur during a transitional year, such as moving from elementary to middle school, or middle school to high school.
Some adolescents are able to get through this time with minimal assistance from their parents or teachers. It may be enough for a parent to be available simply to listen and suggest coping strategies, provide a supportive home
289 words - 2 pages
The short story stretch over a day and it’s summer, because the boy called Charles Mandres there sits in the back seat, are wearing shorts. The short is taking place in Sussex, England. It’s a rich area in the UK, and the school sense like it and rich environment, because the school is a big building, with swimming pool and gym. At the end of the story is a dialogue between the parents, and Charles, and one of them said: “It’s pricey, of course” so the family are probably in middle class, and want they son to…
Charles is the main character in the short story “The Happiest days of your life”. He probably the only child in the family, since his parents want to send him to an expensive school
524 words - 3 pages
food choices or a balanced meal. My school offer salad and a fruit if you want to buy it; but as you know most middle schooler's will not choose to buy either. Fruit, salad, and a vegetable should not be an open option but part of balanced school lunch. Again, school cafeterias should provide healthier lunches for students. Schools need options for students that can in the end benefit their health. Providing healthier school lunches can decrease the obesity rate around not only at my school but around the world. Statistics say, “Healthy lunches would help decrease the rate of childhood obesity and health effects” (“School Lunches”).
Secondly, my cafeteria should serve more sanitary foods. I
842 words - 4 pages
excellence and visionary leadership is no small feat. The Pewaukee school system, which totals 2,791 students, has only one high school, one middle school and two elementary schools (National Institute, 2010).
Pewaukee School District Meeting High Standards for Performance
Despite having one of the most rigorous public school graduation requirements in the state, Pewaukee school district achieved a 97.4 percent graduation rate in 2012-2013 and had a higher graduation rate from 2008 through 2012 than other county, state and nearby high-performing districts (National Institute, 2010). A key measure of college and career readiness, the percentage of Pewaukee school district students
629 words - 3 pages
. A few years later I entered middle school.
Middle school and high school were similar. This section of my life was very different and difficult. The teachers that I had to deal with now weren't as easy going as the ones from elementary. Being that writing didn’t seem very important throughout the last few years of elementary, writing didn’t interest me as much as it did in the past. At the high school that I attended they decided that all of the students that they had encountered whose writing wasn’t where they thought it should be they placed us in a class to better not only our writing but also our reading. This class affected me in a great way. The teacher was very strict and to many
424 words - 2 pages
games and how to play with our friends and how we must behave. We start learning at home how to have the best behavior but in school we start to learn, how to write, to read, do math and learn about our country. We must go to school and learn some things but in school we learn to focus on just what out teacher or professors say and we learned just that,also we can study by heart what is not good and we easy forgot that what we learned and it is not good for us. But If we can something learned on our mistakes we learned so good and we never forgot that, we everybody knows what we feel in our skin we never forgot. In school, and middle school we learn some basic stuff but in collage we learned
861 words - 4 pages
the best but not the worst, which represents the middle class. I have always been part of the middle class due to my parents. However, after my graduation I began asking my self where I would likely end up in the social ladder. If I kept following the same path I had been following I would likely stay in the middle class. Although I enjoy being part of the middle class, I want to strive for more. I want to strive for greatness. The education I receive will help me reach my goals, wants, and needs. The way I see it is, the more education I get the smarter I become, and the smarter I become the better the social class.
In conclusion, the experience I've gather while living in the United States has been enormous. The education I have gathered from both Mexico and the Untied States will also make a huge impact in my life and will lead me to my goals. I have had many ups and downs through out all my school years but at the end of the day it was all worth it because I know that one day I will reach my goals thanks to them.
307 words - 2 pages
schools. They are also planning to experiment with testing online. Since 2001, Virginia's Henrico County Public Schools has provided 25,000 wireless laptops to its middle and high school students and teachers. For grades six and seven, a school in British Columbia initiated the Wireless Writing Project, which focuses on improving written expression. Other state-wide one-to-one computer programs are underway in New Mexico, Michigan and New Hampshire.
Many schools are continuing to utilize classroom and school-based computer labs and related software to teach writing. Teachers are also using.
308 words - 2 pages
Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the view that social class differences in educational achievement are the result of school processes such as labelling.
Some sociologists would explain the social class differences in educational achievement as being caused by internal factors. These are factors within schools and the education system that could cause these differences. One internal factor is labelling. To label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to them. Studies show that teachers often attach labels to pupils regardless of their ability or attitude, but instead based on stereotyped assumptions about their class background, labelling working-class pupils
683 words - 3 pages
For my middle childhood observation I chose a 10 year old female by the name of Mycah Landry. Just to give you a bit of a background, Mycah attends a magnet school and makes straight A’s. She is a very smart young girl. We will start off by comparing Mycah’s physical development to that of Berger’s in the text. As documented in the text “Unlike infants or adolescents, school-age children’s growth is slow and steady. Self-care is easy –from brushing their new adult teeth to dressing themselves, from making their own lunch to walking to school. In these middle years, children depend less on their families and do not yet need to cope with the body changes and impulses of adolescence. Muscles
1665 words - 7 pages
lunch program cost about the same as any other school lunch program that serves lower quality and less nutritious foods. The question that appears now is, “Why isn’t every school doing this?” Founder of Natural Oven, Paul Stitt, answers by saying how large food distributors like USDA and Sodexho make a huge profit from distributing their foods to school cafeterias nationwide and do not want to get kicked out of the school system.
Vending machines serving unhealthy foods like soda, potato chips, candy, and baked goods are still a problem in schools. Although vending machines are becoming less of a problem. Since 2000, 74 percent of middle schools and 98.2 percent of high schools had vending
639 words - 3 pages
There are 59 million Middle Market ($35k-$100k income) households in the India. A recent study showed that the majority of these households are underinsured and would prefer to buy insurance face to face*. HDFC Life Insurance Company recognizes the diverse needs of these households and is determined to do what we do best — provide financial services to those that need it. As such, we have developed many resources for our Agents that work with these households.
At HDFC Life we have specific products, advertising, marketing plans and support, and everything that an Agent would need or want to succeed in this market. We encourage you to call upon us to help you in developing your business
857 words - 4 pages
. I knew they were happy for me.
“Alexa Ordon,” Said Mr. Murchinson, our principal at Florence Markofer Elementary School.
I walked down that stage, happier than ever. I am no longer a sixth grader I thought to myself.
After the promotion ceremony ended, all of us students reunited with our family that came to watch. I remember how happy I was and how everyone else was. It was definitely a day to remember.
Knowing my family would always be there for me and support me in all that I do was the greatest feeling that could never be replaced.
On a hot August morning, I walked to school. When I stepped foot on the campus of Joseph Kerr Middle School, I saw my friends
271 words - 2 pages
The Effects of Co-Curricular Activities on the Academic Achievement of Students
Janice E. Brown
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether participation in a science co-curricular activity (MESA) increases the academic achievement of students in inner city schools. The study was conducted in an urban middle school. The participants were sixth, seventh, and eighth-grade male and female students ranging in age from eleven to thirteen years. The students were asked to complete the Maryland Engineering Science Achievement (MESA) program interest application form. Their science teachers recommended students who showed an interest in math and science. The 1st, 2nd
1131 words - 5 pages
school and or maintaining a professional career. It also states that individual in lower income situations tend to have children out of wedlock and not get married and cohabit.
Intimate relationships start in adolescence and change as one reaches early adulthood to middle adulthood (Meier & Allen, 2008). Studies show that intimate relationships start in infancy between a mother and a child; it is a bond of closeness. Intimate relationships can be between close friends, starting of one’s family and romantic relationships. Some of the social changes an individual faces when going from teenage years to early adulthood and middle adulthood could range from peer pressure, like smoking
1375 words - 6 pages
. Teachers feel nothing is going to happen or really do not care about being there that early. Afternoon duties show teachers not reporting because they are tired from a long day and get mixed up in all of the day’s activity and they are ready to go home. No matter if it morning, middle of the day, or afternoon duties, it is not a debate that you do it when you want to it is a fact that it must be done. When something happens and it is found out that there is no supervision the school will face major discipline action. A few years ago that was a situation at a school where a fight happened in the afternoon that left a student with a black eye, swollen face, and a broken nose. All this happen
2497 words - 10 pages
responsibilities of middle managers in enabling your organisation to achieve its goals.
Within my organisation there are is a hierarchy of staff. With the organisation being a school the person to lead the school would the head teacher. Even though it is the head teacher that encourages all staff and students at the school, the board of governors would ensure that the school strive to achieve the goals and objectives that are set. The person next in authority would be the assistant head teacher. Even though the position of the assistant head teacher would be below in seniority it would be fair to say that these two positions would jointly make decisions within my organisation.
The next two tiers
844 words - 4 pages
the same resources as the schools in the current neighborhood. Parents arealso concerned that the influence of gang and drug activity will be higher in the new schools andtheir children will be peer pressured into becoming involved in these inappropriate behaviors.Effect on Property ValuesThe new school boundaries could also have an adverse effect on property value in theneighborhood. The homes are upper-middle-class, with part of their value based on the quality of schools in the area. Potential buyers will be less likely to purchase a home in the area, because,of the risk of their children not being able to attend the schools in the neighborhood. A drop in people interested in buying in
316 words - 2 pages
what they want they’re going to rebel and be meaner then they usually are because they can’t have their clothes the way they want them. More students are going to misbehave and rebel. All those students want are their own styles and fashion statements.
Pow: When the administrators put so much focus on what the kids are wearing they may not know how they feel about the uniforms and how comfortable they are in their normal clothes. The administrators care more about the students are wearing than, what their personalities put into their outfits.
KB: Administrators may think that their student’s outfits distract them from their work but, most student in River Oaks Middle School love to be
1238 words - 5 pages
. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school” (stopbullying.org). “Bullying at school is a widespread problem, touching the lives of most children at some time or another” (Espelage, Swearer 141).
“In a recent survery of more than 15,000 students in grades 6 through 10 in the United States, 29.9% reported either bullying others or being victimized by others, or both, at least some of the time during the current school term (Nansel et al., 2001). Middle and high school students have reported rates as high as 75% for being victimized at
1026 words - 5 pages
When people go and see a movie dealing with a high school or a college what is one of the first things that people notice? They will notice cliques between people. The different type of cliques will usually lay down a format of who the different characters are in the social standards of the school. There could be a group of athletes in one corner, a group of musicians in another corner, and a group of brainiacs at a table. They know there place in that high school by what they do around the school. The same can be said about people in the Middle Ages. The “cliques” as stated before were just as easy to point out. The Middle Ages were subdivided into three major classes: those who fought
2163 words - 9 pages
stratified random sample will typically reflect the characteristics of the population as a
whole. Consequently, the sample in this study was disaggregated by region to address the
fact that there is wide variance in the number of school board members within each
geographical subgroup (Table 1.)
Regions of the United States according to National School Boards Association
Membership as of December, 1997
NEW ENGLAND REGION (membership: 1,212)
Connecticut Massachusetts Rhode Island
Maine New Hampshire Vermont
MIDDLE ATLANTIC REGION (membership: 2,745)
New York New Jersey Pennsylvania
EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION (membership: 4,733)
Ohio Illinois Wisconsin
286 words - 2 pages
College enrollments have continued on an upward climb for decades, as more and
more people recognize the value of a college education, especially the tangible value
of the diploma in the marketplace. The past few decades have witnessed growing
diversity in higher education, but with that diversity we also see dramatic changes in
how students are funding their college educations. Adult degree seekers, first-generation students, students of color, and students from low-income backgrounds
have become a mainstay in the growing mix in college today. This new mix chal-lenges the persistent image of the of the “traditional,” direct-from-high school, white,
middle-class college student
653 words - 3 pages
family move to La Paz, Carmen has meet “lower-middle-class neighborhood” whose house located at “Centre of national stadium” but not exactly “center of the town” (35). According to her description, she tells an example of location of a lower middle class in La Paz. Mostly, lower middle class live in the city rather than mountains, but they don’t live in the center of the city. Secondly, when her friends invited Carmen. They walk through a “dark” and “dirt” track which “full of holes” (49) on their way to her friend’s home. Finally, they arrive her friend’s house, which located on a part of hill. Aguirre recognize that only “poor” “Indian” working class lived at mountains (51). The road also
886 words - 4 pages
As a child attending grade school in the 90’s and early 2000’s, I have seen the growth and change of the use of technology in education. The first time I could remember using a computer in school was maybe in the first or second grade. We would go to the computer lab once a week and we only utilized it for learning how to type and to play Oregon Trail. I cannot say that I was very enthused about computer lab at this age; I would have much rather been in P.E. or Art class. Continuing on into middle school, I utilized the Internet to help research topics for projects, but I was still an avid reader and loved going to the library and checking out books. By the time I entered high school
1174 words - 5 pages
Rehearsal, Organization & Elaboration
School children are more conscious
of mental strategies
Vital in memory development.
Focus, process and directs train of thought to the
environment and information given in specific
Enhances and contributes to planning, becomes
more sustained, selective and adaptable with
young to middle children.
contributes to the view of the
"Involves thinking out of a sequence of acts
ahead of time and allocating attention
accordingly to reach a goal."(Berk, 2013, p.
Seen in infants and young children but
improves in middle childhood.
Parents teachers, cultural tools
1302 words - 6 pages
say that the role of education is negative because it teaches the working class how to labour. Willis studies 12 working class boys in school and in work. He found that because they were labelled as working class and they knew they were going into manual work this quickly became a self-fulfilling prophecy. The 12 working class boys then formed an anti-school subculture and they started rejecting the authority of the teacher. This study supports the idea that working class are taught to be working class and middle class students must be the students that a pushed into further education and management role of the workforce. Evidently, Marxists have a negative view on the role of education
1085 words - 5 pages
school for their own sake and not for his. Charles parents want him to go at that school because they have heard; there is nice people, and a friend of them Simon Wilcox has also gone there.
In the car is he sitting with an unopened chocolates box, which symbolizes his self-worth? A chocolates box shows his bad confidence, because it seems like the chocolate box is just something he comforts himself with, which can means that he might be fat. His bad confidence shows how weak he is, like in the text where the boys start to ask him questions and were looking at him with their strange faces, where he just stands there in the middle of them with shoulders humped and staring down at his
857 words - 4 pages
Came to a Cognitive Knowledge of Who Jesus is and What He Did For Me?
In middle school I was in foster care. I had known the lady I was with for quite some time as she was the music director for the community center I attended after school. I was always present to learn her songs and sing them at events for the center. I had been living on the streets for most of the summer in 2001. My mother had gotten evicted, and I just kinda made do. One summer evening Ms. Wilder came to a housing project, where I happened to be to pick up my brother. I pleaded with her to take me as well. She said yes!
Fast forwarding to middle school, I was attending church again. I had a bed to sleep in, I had food
1143 words - 5 pages
Poverty and Homelessness: An Annotated Bibliography.
“Black Parents Demand ‘World-Class’ Education, Too.” Washington Informer. 20. Mar 2013. ProQuest. Web. 15 Feb. 2014.
In the article ‘World-Class Education’, it said that education need to be affordable for the community of African American. Some African American children are dropout which had damaged the community. Without education, the middle class people would not be able to sustain their family which can lead to society loss. Parents need to back their children education and to avoid them from dropping out of school. The source wants the middle-class
632 words - 3 pages
, working toward that goal. At the same time, his district hired a new principal in his building, Owen J. Roberts Middle School. Brian didn’t think the new principal was being an effective leader and he began questioning many decisions the new principal was making and the way he ran the building. This new principal is how Brian became the principal he is today. Brian knew what type of principal he wanted to be and it was not like his principal at his school. Brian came to Chambersburg after he applied to New Orleans and North Carolina. This is Brian’s fifth year at Chambersburg in and those five years he has been assistant principal under two different principals. His first four years
524 words - 3 pages
subtitles for it. The camera angle was at eye level with the subjects the filmmakers got there trust and they spoke freely. The shot sizes were in middle.
All together the film was amazing something that I think I will never forget. The part of the movie I like the most is when the girl didn’t qualify for the scholarship and the filmmakers sponsored her. I have learned that a small act of kindness can fuel a foundation of happiness. The things that most surprised me was when they both got lower than what they were expecting but it still didn’t affect them cause they both get the chance to go to secondary school. I believe education is the key to Africa and this film shows it. A small act of kindness started a generation.
638 words - 3 pages
TEXAS SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY
APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL
Social Security Number
Office Use Only MO DAY (Middle (City) (City)
Check the term of Entry (one box only Former name (State) (State)
Legal Name (Last)
Sex (optional) (Zip) (Zip)
Date of Birth – Mo Day Year Home Phone Business phone
Mailing address (Number and Street) Permanent address (Number and Street) Place of birth (City) (State)
Are you a legal resident of Texas? Yes No
Are you a veteran? Yes No How long have you resided in Texas? From To
E-mail Address: Country of citizenship Type of visa if not US citizen
500 words - 2 pages
Describe what life was like women and children under the Nazis
Hitler went through a lot of trouble to make sure that the young people were loyal to him and the Nazi party. School books were
rewritten to give them good view of Nazi's; all teachers had to belong to the German Teachers League, put across Nazi ideas in
their lessons and go to compulsory training courses during school holidays. German school children were not educated but
indoctrinated (getting people to believe in a set of ideas.)
Outside of school, young people had to belong to youth organisation which taught them loyalty to Hitler and military training.
The five organisations together made up Hitler Youth
402 words - 2 pages
Since middle school, I have been fascinated with cultures. To say my family and friends are your typical American group would be the largest lie imaginable. My family is the perfect example of what people mean when they say America is a “melting pot” nation, for we branch from all over the world. Unfortunately, my family does not strive to reach out to other cultures as much as I do. I feel many of my relatives prefer to take trips to countries, but stay in tourist-y parts, whereas I would put myself in the middle of a culture and adopt it as my own for a short period of time.
I strived to make friends from all backgrounds. I have never looked at the color of skin or dress or religion
5004 words - 21 pages
nondiscriminatory basis. However, to ensure that the school does not give the appearance of endorsing religion, school employees, including teachers, can be present only in a “nonparticipating capacity.”
In 1992 the US Supreme Court heard Lee v. Weisman, 505 U.S. 577 (1992).
Rhode Island Public Schools would invite clergy members to speak at the graduation ceremonies at the middle and high school levels. “These clergy were provided with guidelines for non-denominational and non-sectarian prayers for invocations and benedictions.” The father of a
student who attended Nathan Bishop Middle School sued claiming that by inviting a Rabbi to speak at the middle school graduation was a violation of the
1441 words - 6 pages
the action, and who will be responsible for putting the plan into place should all be thought of before putting the plan into action.
There is no communications policy listed on Abbeville County’s School District. My developed policy statement would read as follows: Wright Middle School, in conjunction with Abbeville County School District strives to create a positive, two-way communications process. Our school board, parents, community, and educators all play an active role in the success of every student. It is our goal to keep the community informed of school procedures, policies, and activities through multiple sources. Information will be readily available through our
566 words - 3 pages
The history of the world is a very broad and extremely extensive topic to cover. There are literally endless amounts of information that one could write about for a world history coarse or textbook.
Where one starts amidst the vast sea of our worlds history is a large part of where the coarse or text will go. For a coarse such as this one, based on modern world history with the emphasis on war and environmental and technical change we cannot start too far back on a timeline because otherwise we will never reach the modern history. As a starting point the middle ages works well because it gives us a slight background of the ancient worlds but is a very transitional time. Spending a short
1562 words - 7 pages
-kindergarten programs should be implemented just as regular elementary schooling.
Public schools are becoming challenging with heightened accountability requirements because of the No Child Left Behind Act. Pre-kindergarten has become an important approach to promote school readiness and close achievement gaps in elementary school and beyond. It would produce large academic gains, especially for children of low-income families. Richard Coley's research pointed out that, "More than 30% of low-income children have no familiarity with print. That is, they do not know that books are read from left to right or where a story starts or ends. Seventeen percent of children from middle-income families
545 words - 3 pages
child hood 2-3 years)
In the early childhood stage Crystal is becoming curious and attempting to achieve some type of independence such as feeding herself and learning to use the bathroom on her own. Crystal is speaking and saying small words and already walking. This stage is a success with the interactive behavior from the parents and family being encouraging of independence and autonomy.
(Preschool 3 to 5 years)
Crystal is taught become aware of helping family with small chores and assisting with younger siblings. The success of this stage is the given purpose in life and power.
(School age 6 to 11 years)
Crystal now understands the importance of school work and teachers
469 words - 2 pages
Educational Citizenships Programs
Krystal S Wilson
Grand Canyon University
Professor Shelly Riccolo
March 4, 2012
Education Citizenship Programs
The two education citizenship programs that I found are Wise Skills and Education World. Wise Skills implements the principals of character that are the most critical for success. Wise Skills involves the most important influences in young people’s lives which are family, school and the community. This program is a wide overview of grades K-12 which includes Elementary, Middle and high School. With Wise Skills there are funding resources available. The teachers are provided with grants to help them to provide materials
493 words - 2 pages
maintain, legitimize and reproduce, generation to generation of class inequality, along with the fact that education reproduces the conditions for capitalisms to flourish without having to use force. Althusser believes this is done through the hidden curriculum: ensuring that working class children are encouraged to perform working class, capitalists, jobs.
Bowles and Gintis argue that education serves to reproduce directly the capitalist relations of production, the hierarchy of workers from the boss down,. Bowles and Gintis’s correspondence theory suggests that what goes on in school corresponds directly to the world of work. The higher up the system the individual progresses, the more
387 words - 2 pages
overcome your fears and become an active public speaker (Carlin, 2008).
Overcoming a fear of public speaking can be done with hard work, dedication and practice. The more an individual takes an opportunity to speak in front of an audience they more comfortable they will become. According to one article the good thing about overcoming your fear of public speaking is that the fear is learned and with lots of determination and practice this fear can be unlearned (Colombo, n.d.).
For me personally public speaking has never been one of my great fears. Luckily, at a young age I was taught to be comfortable with speaking in front of any type of audience, large or small. In middle school
415 words - 2 pages
Classroom Behavior Management
Strategies and Techniques for the Most Difficult to Manage Students
Dr. Spencer Walton
October 24, 2005
I have a student that is Autistic and I will call him James for the sake of this paper.
With the Autistic disability comes some challenging behavior such as impulsive screaming or yelling and hitting. I am a new teacher to this unit and James is a new student to the unit and Middle school, and before I had the opportunity to meet James I had heard that he barked, hits and most of the time he’s out of control.
I began to think about what Alderman (2005) said “Dealing with difficult to manage students and classrooms
435 words - 2 pages
this as a beautiful chance, many of them too had an opposite feeling. Begin with the fact that the current system runs in the country in line of experimenting only, nothing had been evaluate so nothing can be proven its effectiveness. As the core beneficiary, the youth place themselves at the center of “what ifs” arena. They battle for the triumph of the theory. Economically speaking, those who are in the middle class have the assurance of the affordability of the additional years that will spend in the school. While other, primarily, the poor youth thought it as additional expenses. However, a chance of career selection of their self-choice promises the system. The thing is, there is no
281 words - 2 pages
know comes from China, we often see a lot of Chinese eating rice, beans is said to have come from the Middle East. The Spanish Colonies brought this mixture into the “New World”. Now everyone eats rice and beans, in Cuba, Puerto Rico, etc.
Lastly, the third example I will be giving is Spanglish. Spanglish is a mixture of two languages, Spanish and English. This new type of mixture can be heard a lot in Miami because Miami has a high population of Hispanics. The kids of the people and come to Miami go to school and learn to speak English, but also know Spanish because their parents taught them. Now, everyone in Miami is bilingual some often speak to each other in Spanglish. For example a sentence of Spanglish would be “Sorry I was late, I was on my way cuando una goma se me poncho and I had to stop and fix it.”
1217 words - 5 pages
• Middle class: low-level managers, semiprofessionals, some persons in
sales and skilled crafts, foremen and supervisors with at least high school
education, usually some college, technical training, or apprenticeship and
family incomes of about $55,000
• Working class: high school-educated operatives, clerical workers, most
retail salesclerks, routinized assembly and factory workers, and related
“blue-collar” employees with family incomes of about $35,000
• Working poor: poorly paid service workers and laborers, operatives, and
clerical workers in low-wage sectors, usually with some high school and
family incomes of around $22,000
• Underclass: persons with erratic job histories